168106685-ANSI-FCI-70-2-2006 - VSIP.INFO (2022)

-------------------------------------------------------------AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD

CONTROL VALVE SEAT LEAKAGE

ANSI-FCI 70-2-2006

--------------------------------------------------------------

ReTop Valve Repair Co., Ltd. Sponsor:

Retop Valve Repair Co., Ltd. www.valvesgrinder.com

ANSI/FCI 70-2-2006 1 / 11

AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD Control Valve Seat Leakage

Sponsor

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2 / 11

American National Standard

American National Standard implies a consensus of those substantially concerned with its scope and provisions. An American National Standard is intended as a guide to aid the manufacturer, the consumer, and the general public. The existence of an American National Standard does not in any respect preclude anyone, whether he has approved the standard or not, from manufacturing, marketing, purchasing or using products, processes, or procedures not conforming to the standard. American National Standards are subject to periodic review and users are cautioned to obtain the latest editions.

CAUTION NOTICE: This American National Standard may be revised or withdrawn at any time. The procedures of the American National Standards Institute require that action be taken to reaffirm, revise, or withdraw this standard no later than five years from the date of publication. Purchasers of American National Standards may receive current information on all standards by calling or writing the American National Standards Institute.

Sponsored and published by: RETOP VALVE REPAIR CO., LTD. 33# Tangkanshang, Ziliujing Dist, Zigong, Sichuan, P.R.China 643000 Phn: (86 813) 2208857 Fax: 5386213 E-Mail: [emailprotected] URL: www.valvesgrinder.com

No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form, in an electronic retrieval system or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher. Suggestions for improvement of this standard will be welcome. They should be sent to the Fluid Controls Institute, Inc. Printed in the United States of America

CONTENTS

PAGE 3 / 11

Foreword ........................................................................................................................... v 1.

Purpose ........................................................................................................................ 1

2.

Scope and Limitations ................................................................................................. 1

3.

Definitions.................................................................................................................... 1

4. Leakage Specifications and Classes............................................................................. 1-2 5.

Test Procedures........................................................................................................... 2-4

6. References.................................................................................................................... 4 Tables Table 1 .................................................................................................................................. 2 Table 2 .................................................................................................................................. 3

Foreword (This foreword is included for information only and is not part of ANSI/FCI 70-2-2006, Control Valve Seat Leakage.)

4 / 11

This voluntary standard has been compiled and issued in the public interest. It is intended to eliminate present misunderstandings and to assist and guide those people involved in the specification, use or manufacture of control valves.

This standard, formerly known as ASME B16.104, was originally adopted on November 24, 1970 as FCI 70-2.

The standard has been revised several times through the years to stay current as the industry and its products have evolved and advanced. The standard was revised by the FCI Control Valve Section in 1998 in order to maintain consistency with the appropriate IEC Standards (IEC 534-4). The standard was revised in 2003 to add the option to permit low pressure gas testing to determine Class V leakage. During the canvass of the 2003 version, one respondent asked for the standard to be modified to specifically exclude on/off valves used for tight shut-off. The FCI Control Valve and Regulator Section notes that FCI 70-2 has been intended to apply to control valve seat leakage. If line isolation and/or absolute tight shut-off is a normal expectation of the valve application, the FCI Control Valve and Regulator Sections recommend specifying another standard, such as API 598, “Valve Test and Inspection.”

The existence of a Fluid Controls Institute (FCI) standard does not in any respect preclude any member or non-member from manufacturing or selling products not conforming to this standard nor is the FCI responsible for its use.

FCI recognizes the need to periodically review and update this standard. Suggestions for improvement should be forwarded to the Fluid Controls Institute, Inc., 1300 Sumner Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio, 44115-2851. All constructive suggestions for expansion and revision of this standard are welcome.

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ANSI/FCI 70-2-2006 AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD Control Valve Seat Leakage 1. PURPOSE

3.5 Seat Leakage. The quantity of test fluid passing

1.1 This standard establishes a series of seat leakage

through an assembled valve in the closed position under

classes for control valves and defines the test

the test conditions as defined.

procedures. 4. LEAKAGE SPECIFICATIONS & CLASSES 2. SCOPE & LIMITATIONS

4.1 The maximum allowable seat leakage as specified for

2.1 Selection of a leakage class is not restricted as to

each class shall not exceed the seat leakage in Table 1

valve design, but acceptable values for various

using the test procedure as defined in Section 5. For

commercially available designs are suggested for each

Classes II through VI each and every valve shall be

class under Section 4.

tested.

2.2 The standard cannot be used as a basis for

4.2 Leakage Classes

predicting leakage at conditions other than those

4.2.1 CLASS I. A modification of any Class II, III or IV

specified.

valve where design intent is the same as the basic class,

2.3 This standard is similar to IEC 60534-4, except that

but by agreement between user and supplier, no test is

no provision is made for Class IV-S1 and the standard is

required.

applicable for valves with a Cv value less than 0.1. The

4.2.2 CLASS II. This class establishes the maximum

air leakage test and allowable leak rates for Class V are

permissible leakage generally associated with

equivalent to the water test and allowable water leakage

commercial double-seat control valves or balanced

rates for a water test performed at a nominal temperature

single-seat control valves with a piston ring seal and

of 60ºF.

metal-to-metal seats. Use test procedure Type A. 4.2.3 CLASS III. This class establishes the maximum

3. DEFINITIONS

permissible leakage generally associated with Class II

3.1 Control Valve

(4.2.2), but with a higher degree of seat and seal

3.1.1 A valve with a power positioning actuator for

tightness. Use test procedure Type A.

moving a closure member to any position relative to a

4.2.4 CLASS IV. This class establishes the maximum

valve seat or seats in response to and in proportion to an

permissible leakage generally associated with

external signal. The energy for a control valve actuator is

commercial unbalanced single-seat control valves and

derived from an independent source.

balanced single-seat control valves with extra tight piston

3.1.2 Control valve body subassemblies on which an

rings or other sealing means and metal-to-metal seats.

actuator is to be mounted at some later date are within

Use test procedure Type A.

the intent of this definition.

4.2.5 CLASS V. This class is usually specified for critical

3.2 Cv - An experimentally determined valve sizing

applications where the control valve may be required to

coefficient. (Ref. ISA S75.01, ISA S75.02 and FCI

be closed, without a blocking valve, for long periods of

Standard 84-1).

time with high differential pressure across the seating

3.3 Rated Valve Capacity. The quantity of test fluid (air or

surfaces. It requires special manufacturing, assembly

water) that would pass through the valve at rated travel

and

under the stated pressure conditions as determined by

associated with metal seat, unbalanced single-seat

the appropriate equations and manufacturer's ratings.

control valves or balanced single-seat designs with

3.4 Rated Travel. The valve travel at which the

exceptional seat and seal tightness. Use test procedure

manufacturer's rating is established.

Type B using water at the maximum operating differential

pressure or Type B1 by using air at the specified

4.2.6 CLASS VI. This class establishes the maximum

conditions.

permissible seat leakage generally associated with 6 / 11

testing

techniques.

This

class

is

generally

TABLE 1 Leakage Class

Maximum Seat Leakage

Test Procedure

Class I (See 4.2.1)

See Paragraph 4.2.1

None

Class II (See 4.2.2)

0.5% of rated valve capacity

Type A (See 5.1)

Class III (See 4.2.3)

0.1% of rated valve capacity

Type A (See 5.1)

Class IV (See 4.2.4)

0.01% of rated valve capacity

Type A (See 5.1)

5 x 10 ml per minute of water per inch of seat

Type B

-4

diameter per psi differential 5 x 10

-12

3

m per second of water per mm of

Type B

seat diameter per bar differential

(See 5.2)

4.7 standard ml per minute of air per inch of

Type B1

orifice diameter

(See 5.3)

Class V (See 4.2.5)

11.1 x 10 standard m per hour of air per mm

Type B1

of orifice diameter

(See 5.3)

-6

Class VI (See 4.2.6)

(See 5.2)

3

Leakage per Paragraph 5.4.4 as expressed in ml per minute versus seat diameter

Type C (See 5.4)

resilient seating control valves either unbalanced or

5.1.5 The actuator shall be adjusted to meet the

balanced single-seat with "O" rings or similar gapless

operating conditions specified. The full normal closing

seals. Use test procedure Type C.

thrust as applied by air pressure, a spring, or other means shall then be applied. No allowance or adjustment

5. TEST PROCEDURES

shall be made to compensate for any increase in seat

Warning: Provisions should be made to avoid

load obtained when the test differential is less than the

overpressuring of measuring devices resulting from

maximum valve operating differential pressure.

inadvertent opening of the valve plug.

5.1.6 On valve body assemblies made for stock, tested

5.1 Test Procedure Type A

without the actuator, a test fixture should be utilized

5.1.1 Test medium shall be clean air or water at 10-51ºC

which applies a net seat load not exceeding the

(50-125ºF).

manufacturer's normal expected load under maximum

5.1.2 Pressure of test medium shall be 3-4 bar (45-60

service conditions.

psig) or within +/- 5 percent of the maximum operating

5.1.7 On water test, care shall be taken to eliminate air

differential pressure, whichever is less.

pockets in the valve body and piping.

5.1.3 Leakage flow and pressure data shall be accurate

5.1.8 The leakage rate thus obtained can then be

to +/- 10 percent of reading.

compared to the calculated values for Classes II, III and

5.1.4 The test fluid shall be applied to the normal or

IV. See Table 1.

specified valve body inlet. The valve body outlet may be

5.2 Test Procedure Type B

open to atmosphere or connected to a low headloss

5.2.1 Test fluid shall be clean water at 10-52ºC

measuring device.

(50-125ºF).

7 / 11

5.2.2 The water test differential pressure shall be within

5.2.6 The leakage rate thus obtained shall not be greater

+/- 5 percent of the maximum service pressure drop

than the value calculated from the definition of maximum

across the valve plug, not exceeding the maximum

seat leakage for Class V as shown in Table 1. The

operating pressure at room temperature as determined

nominal seat diameter is understood to be the diameter

by ANSI B16.1, B16.5, or B16.34, or some lesser

at the point of seating contact to the nearest 2 mm (1/16

pressure

inch).

by

individual

agreement.

Pressure

measurement accuracy is to be in accordance with

5.3 Test Procedure Type B1

paragraph 5.1.3.

5.3.1 Test medium shall be clean air or nitrogen gas at

5.2.3 The fluid shall be applied to the normal specified

10-52ºC (50-125ºF).

inlet of the valve body. The valve plug shall be opened

5.3.2 Inlet pressure of test medium shall be 3.5 barg, (50

and the valve body assembly filled completely with water,

psi).

including outlet portion and any downstream connecting

5.3.3 Leakage flow and pressure data shall be accurate

piping, and then stroked closed.

to ±10 percent of reading.

5.2.4 The water test differential pressure as specified in

5.3.4 The test fluid shall be applied to the normal or

5.2.2 is then applied with the actuator adjusted to meet

specified valve body inlet, and the outlet connected to a

the operating conditions specified. The net actuator

suitable measuring device.

thrust shall be the specified maximum. Net actuator

5.3.5 The leakage rate thus obtained shall not be greater

thrust above the specified maximum is not to be used.

than the value calculated from the definition of maximum

5.2.5 When leakage flow is stabilized, the quantity should

seat leakage for Class V as shown in Table 1. The orifice

be observed over a period of time sufficient to obtain the

diameter is understood to be the diameter at the point of

accuracy under paragraph

seating contact to the nearest 2 millimeters (1/16 inch).

TABLE 2 Nominal Seat Diameter Millimeters (Inches)

ml per Minute

Bubbles per Minute*

< 25 (< 1)**

0.15

1**

38 (1.5)

0.30

2

51 (2)

0.45

3

64 (2.5)

0.60

4

76 (3)

0.90

6

102 (4)

1.70

11

152 (6)

4.00

27

203 (8)

6.75

45

250 (10)

11.1

300 (12)

16.0

350 (14)

21.6

400 (16)

28.4

*Bubbles per minute as tabulated are a suggested alternative based on a suitable calibrated measuring device, in this case, a 6 mm (0.25 inch) O.D. x 1 mm (0.032 inch) wall tube submerged in water to a depth of from 3 to 6 mm (0.125 to 0.25 inch). The tube end shall be cut square and smooth with no chamfers or burrs and the tube axis shall be perpendicular to the surface of the water. Other apparatus may be constructed and the number of bubbles per minute may differ from those shown as long as they correctly indicate the flow in ml per minute.

**If the valve seat diameter differs by more than 2 mm (0.08 inch) from one of the values listed, the leakage rate may be obtained by interpolation assuming that the leakage rate varies as the square of the seat diameter. 8 / 11

5.4 Test Procedure Type C - Class VI

5.4.1 Test medium shall be air or nitrogen gas at 10-52ºC (50-125ºF).

5.4.2 Pressure of the test medium shall be the maximum rated differential pressure across the valve plug or 3.5 bar (50 psig) whichever is the least.

5.4.3 The test fluid shall be applied to the normal or specified valve body inlet, and the outlet connected to a suitable measuring device.

5.4.4 With the control valve adjusted to meet the operating conditions specified (see paragraphs 5.1.5 and 5.1.6) and with sufficient time allowance for stabilizing flow, the leak rate shall not exceed the values in Table 2.

6. REFERENCES 6.1 “International Electrical Commission (IEC) Standard 60534-4, Industrial Process Control Valves ̢ Inspection and Routine Testing.”

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