ANSI-ASSE-Z359.15-2014.pdf - VSIP.INFO (2022)

AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD ANSI/ASSE Z359.1 5-201 4 Safety Requirements for Single Anchor Lifelines and Fall Arresters for Personal Fall Arrest Systems Part of the Fall Protection Code

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AMERICAN SOCIETY OF SAFETY ENGINEERS

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The information and materials contained in this publication have been developed from sources believed to be reliable. However, the American Society of Safety Engineers (ASSE) as secretariat of the ANSI accredited Z359 Committee or individual committee members accept no legal responsibility for the correctness or completeness of this material or its application to speci f c factual situations. By publication of this standard, ASSE

or the Z359 Committee does not ensure that adherence to these recommendations will protect the safety or health of any persons, or preserve property.

ANSI® ANSI/ASSE Z359.15 – 2014

American National Standard Safety Requirements for Single Anchor Lifelines and Fall Arresters for Personal Fall Arrest Systems

Secretariat American Society of Safety Engineers 1 800 East Oakton Street Des Plaines, Illinois 6001 8-21 87

Approved August 25, 2014 American National Standards Institute, Inc.

American National Standard

Approval of an American National Standard requires veri f cation by ANSI that the require ments for due process, consensus, and other criteria for approval have been met by the standards developer. Consensus is established when, in the judgment of the ANSI Board

of Standards Review, substantial agreement has been reached by directly and materially affected interests. Substantial agreement means much more than a simple majority, but not necessarily unanimity. Consensus requires that all views and objections be considered, and that a concerted effort be made toward their resolution. The use of American National Standards is completely voluntary; their existence does not in any respect preclude anyone, whether he/she has approved the standards or not, from manufacturing, marketing, purchasing, or using products, processes, or procedures not conforming to the standards. The American National Standards Institute does not develop standards and will in no circumstance give an interpretation of any American National Standard. Moreover, no person shall have the right or authority to issue an interpretation of an American National Standard in the name of the American National Standards Institute. Requests for interpretation should be addressed to the secretariat or sponsor whose name appears on the title page of this standard. Caution Notice: This American National Standard may be revised or withdrawn at any time. The procedures of the American National Standards Institute require that action be taken periodically to reaf f rm, revise, or withdraw this standard. Purchasers of American

National Standards may receive current information on all standards by calling or writing the American National Standards Institute.

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Published February 201 5 by: American Society of Safety Engineers 1800 East Oakton Street Des Plaines, Illinois 60018-2187 (847) 699-2929 • www.asse.org Copyright ©201 5 by American Society of Safety Engineers All Rights Reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form, in an electronic retrieval system or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher. Printed in the United States of America

Foreword (This Foreword is not a part of American National Standard Z359.1 5-201 4.) This standard, national in scope, was developed by an Accredited Standards Committee functioning under the procedures of the American National Standards Institute, with the American Society of Safety Engineers (ASSE) as secretariat. It is intended that every employer whose operations fall within the scope and purpose of the standard will adopt the guidelines and requirements detailed in this standard. The need for this standards activity grew out of the continuing development of a series of fall protection-related standards. The focus is to tie the elements of those standards together and provide the tools with which employers may develop the programs that incorporate those elements. This standard also brings together the administrative requirements of those fall protection standards. It should be noted, as in all Z359-series standards, that this standard applies to occupational activities. It does not apply to sports activities such as mountaineering. Neither the standards committee, nor the secretariat, states that this standard is perfect or in its ultimate form. It is recognized that new developments are to be expected, and that revisions of the standard will be necessary as the state-of-the-art progresses and further experience is gained. It is felt, however, that uniform guidelines for fall protection programs are very much needed and that the standard in its present form provides for the minimum criteria necessary to develop and implement a comprehensive managed fall protection program. The Z359 Committee acknowledges the critical role of design in in f uencing the use of proper fall protection

equipment. Designs which eliminate fall hazards through the proper application of the hierarchy of safety

controls are the preferred method for fall protection. Design de f ciencies often increase the risk for employ -

ees who may be exposed to fall hazards: examples are (1) lack of rail systems to prevent falls from machines, equipment and structures; (2) failure to provide engineered anchorages where use of personal fall arrest systems are anticipated; (3) no provision for safe access to elevated work areas; (4) installation of machines or equipment at heights, rather than f oor/ground level to preclude access to elevated areas; (5) failure to plan

for the use of travel restriction or work positioning devices. To that end, this series of standards also provides guidance for design considerations for new buildings and facilities. Basic fall safety principles have been incorporated into these standards, including hazard survey, hazard

elimination and control, and education and training. The primary intent is to ensure a proactive approach to fall protection. However, the reactive process of accident investigation is also addressed to ensure that adequate attention is given to causation of falls. The Z359 Committee solicits public input that may suggest the need for revisions to this standard. Such input should be sent to the Secretariat, ASC Z359, American Society of Safety Engineers, 1 800 E. Oakton Street, Des Plaines, IL 6001 8-21 87. This standard was developed and approved for submittal to ANSI by the American National Standards Committee on Standards for Fall Protection, Z359. Committee approval of the standard does not necessarily imply that all committee members voted for its approval. At the time it approved this standard, the Z359 Committee had the following members:

Randall Wing f eld, Chair Basil Tominna, P.E., Vice Chair

Timothy R. Fisher, CSP, CHMM, ARM, CPEA, Secretary Jennie Dalesandro, Administrative Technical Support Organization Represented

Name of Representative

3M

Raymond Mann Michael Cameron

American Airlines American Society of Safety Engineers Bashlin Industries, Inc. Boeing Company Buckingham Mfg. Co., Inc.

Capital Safety Group Chevron

Len Bradley

Jubal D. Hamernik, Ph.D., P.E. John Stephen Frost, CSP Preston Anderson Bradley S. McGill

Chuck Orebaugh Joey R. Junio, P.E. James Rullo DeForest Can f eld

J. Thomas Wolner, P.E. Judd Perner Craig Berkenmeier

Joshua Ockmond, CSP Jim Poage DanSharing Rossi Group and our chats Get more FREE standards from Standard ClimbTech LLC Karl Guthrie Eric Patrick Elk River, Inc. Delisa Calhoun Erik Arendall Ellis Fall Safety Solutions, LLC J. Nigel Ellis, Ph.D., P.E., CSP, CPE John T. Whitty, P.E. FallTech Dustin Hawkins Clear Channel Outdoor

Flexible Lifeline Systems General Motors Gravitec Systems, Inc. Hartford Steam Boiler Inspection & Insurance Co.

High Engineering Corp. Honeywell Safety Products

Paul Breves

Hugh Armstrong Amber Svoboda Ken Mahnick Kyle Sullivan

Randall Wing f eld

Dave Lough Timothy Healey Jerry Kucharski, CFPS Greg Small, P.Eng., M.Eng. Doug Myette Bradley Rohlf

ISEA – International Safety Equipment Association Indianapolis Power and Light

Chris Huber Dan Shipp David H. Pate, CUSA

Ingersoll Rand

Mark Winchester

David Baldwin

INSPEC International Ltd.

Paul Clarke, CEng, MIMechE

LJB Inc.

Thomas Kramer, P.E., CSP Rupert Noton, CEng, MIStructE

Latchways PLC Lawrence Livermore National Security Liberty Mutual Group Lighthouse Safety LLC MSA Monsanto Murdock Webbing Co. Inc. National Association of Tower Erectors Pamela R. Huck, Inc. Parsons Engineering Group Peakworks PenSafe Pigeon Mountain Industries, Inc. Reliance Industries, LLC SPRAT – Society of Professional Rope Access Technicians Safety Connection, Inc. Safety Equipment Institute Safety Through Engineering, Inc. (dba STE, Inc.) Sellstrom Manufacturing Co./RTC Division Shell Exploration & Production Co.

Skylotec North America, LP SPANCO, Inc. / Rigid Lifelines Sparkling Clean Window Company & Surface

Solutions Sturges Manufacturing Co., Inc. Superior Energy Services, Inc.

Andrew Diamond, MInstP, BSc (Hons)

Tim Bissett, BEng (Hons), CEng, MIMechE

Tim Fletcher Kevin Goodwin Steve McConnell John Rabovsky, MS, CSP, ARM Cal Sparks John Corriveau Marc Harkins John Giovengo Robert Kling, P.E., CSP Adam Chapin Bob Golz

Greg Pilgrim Gordon Lyman Don Doty Pamela Huck, CSP William R. Parsons, P.Eng. Ryan Newbury, P.Eng. Tim Accursi Gabe Fusco Keith Smith Jeff Bowles

Kim Hunter Dan Henn W. Joe Shaw Loui McCurley Jim Frank Clint Honeycutt, Sr. Janice Honeycutt Steve Sanders Michael C. Wright, P.E., CPE, CSP Mark Williams Kenneth Lemke Steve Batke Steven Kim Biggs Joe B. George

Mark Conover Kurani Seyhan Arnie Galpin, P.E. Tim Bambrick

Sam Terry Art Schneider

Richard Griff th Tyler Griff th

Spencer Colbert Noel J. Spicuza, III

Tractel Inc. Transport Workers Union Travelers Tritech Fall Protection Systems, Inc. UL LLC United Auto Workers U.S. Air Force Safety Center U.S. Bureau of Reclamation U.S. Department of Interior – BSEE

U.S. Department of the Navy Vertical Access LLC

WJE

Doug Knapp Catalin Anesia James Mark Scott H. Richert, CSP, ARM, ALCM John Seto, P.E Craig Siciliani Steven D. Corrado G.W. Barrett

Tom Kinman Matthew S. Uptmor Mark S. Kantorowicz Robert Baker

Shawn Smith Shaun Reed John M. Cushing, Jr. Wilbon Rhome Basil Tominna, P.E.

Shawn Smith Kelly Streeter, P.E. Keith Luscinski

Daniel Gach, AIA, NCARB

Walt Disney Company

Jason Kamman, CSP Ken Young, P.E.

Western Area Power Administration

Patrick T. Nies Will Schnyer

Ian Bevan

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Subgroup Z359.1 5 had the following members:

Kevin Denis, Chair Hugh Armstrong Lynn Camp Paul Clarke, CEng, MIMechE Mark Conover J. Nigel Ellis, Ph.D., P.E., CSP, CPE Jim Frank Doug Knapp Thomas Kramer, P.E., CSP Raymond Mann Loui McCurley Chuck Orebaugh John Rabovsky, MS, CSP, ARM Shaun Reed Sam Terry Rick Vance

Kynan Wynne

Contents

SECTION ................................................... ................................................... ............ PAGE 1 . Scope, Purpose, Application, Exceptions and Interpretations ........................ 8 1 .1 Scope ............................................. ................................................... ..... 8 1 .2 Purpose and Application ................................................... ..................... 8 1 .3 Exceptions ........................................ ................................................... ... 8 1 .4 Interpretations ................................................... ..................................... 9 2. De f nitions .................................................. ................................................... .. 9

3. Design Requirements ...................................... ............................................... 9 3.1 Single Anchor Lifeline Components ................................................... .... 9 3.2 Fall Arrester Components ................................................... .................. 1 2 4. Quali f cation and Veri f cation Testing .................................................. ...........

14 4.1 Test Equipment and Specimens ......................................... ................... 1 4 4.2 System and Subsystem Quali f cation Testing ....................................... 1 6 4.3 Component, Constituent and Element Quali f cation Testing ................. 20

5. Markings and Instructions ................................................... .......................... 20 5.1 General Marking Requirements ................................................... ......... 20 5.2 Speci f c Marking Requirements ................................................... ......... 21 5.3 General Instruction Requirements ................................................... ..... 22 5.4 Speci f c Instruction Requirements .................................................. ....... 23 6. User Inspection, Maintenance and Storage of Equipment ............................ 25 6.1 Inspection ........................................ ................................................... ... 25 6.2 Maintenance and Storage ........................................... .......................... 26 7. References ........................................ ................................................... ......... 26 Appendix: Figures ................................................... .......................................... 28

ANSI/ASSE Z359.15-2014 American National Standard

STANDARD REQUIREMENTS 1 . SCOPE, PURPOSE, APPLICATION, EXCEPTIONS AND INTERPRETATIONS 1.1 Scope. This standard establishes requirements

for the design criteria, quali f cation testing (perfor-

mance requirements), marking and instructions, user inspections, maintenance and storage and removal from service of single anchor lifelines and fall arresters for users within the capacity range of 1 30 to 31 0 pounds (59 to 1 40 kg).

Safety Requirements for Single Anchor Lifelines and Fall Arresters for Personal Fall Arrest Systems

EXPLANATORY INFORMATION

(Not part of American National Standard Z359.15)

E1.1

Training, use, inspection and removal from service of single anchor lifelines and fall arresters is also addressed in ANSI/ASSE Z359. 2, which provides the requirements for fall protection program management.

1.2 Purpose and Application. 1.2.1 This standard addresses minimum guidelines

for the design, manufacture and testing of single anchor lifelines and fall arresters.

E1.2.1

This is a voluntary consensus standard. The legal requirements for protection against falls from heights are established by applicable regulatory bodies governing occupational safety.

1.2.2 This standard applies to single anchor lifelines and fall arresters used in fall arrest applications.

1.2.3

Before any equipment shall bear the marking Z359.1 5 orGet be represented any way asfrom being FREEinstandards in compliance withmore this standard, all requirementsStandard Sharing Group and our chats

of this standard shall be met through quali f cation and veri f cation testing according to ANSI/ASSE

Z359.7.

1.2.4 Unless otherwise speci f ed, the values stated

in this standard are expressed as nominal values. Except for temperature limits, values, which are not stated as maxima or minima, shall be subject to a tolerance of +/- 5%. Unless otherwise speci-

f ed, the ambient temperature for testing shall be

between 35°F (1 .6°C) and 1 00°F (37.7°C) and the temperature limits shall be subject to an accuracy of +/- 2°F (+/- 1 °C).

1.2.5 In this standard, values for measurement are

followed by an equivalent in parentheses, but only the f rst stated value shall be regarded as the re quirement. Equivalent values in parentheses are not considered the requirement, as these values can be approximate.

1.3 Exceptions.

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ANSI/ASSE Z359.15-2014 American National Standard

Safety Requirements for Single Anchor Lifelines and Fall Arresters for Personal Fall Arrest Systems

1.3.1 The requirements of this standard do not ad-

dress window cleaning belts and sports-related activities.

1.3.2 The requirements of this standard do not address horizontal lifelines.

E1.3.2 Single anchor lifelines can be used in vertical, sloped and horizontal applications. Single anchor lifelines are characterized by only a single anchor or anchor system being loaded when arresting a fall.

1.3.3 The requirements of this standard do not address fall arresters used on horizontal lifelines. 1.3.4 The requirements of this standard do not apply to rope adjusters used in positioning or travel restraint systems.

E1.3.4 Requirements for rope adjusters can be found in ANSI/ASSE Z359.3.

1.4 Interpretations. Requests for interpretations of this standard shall be in writing and addressed to the Secretariat of this standard.

1.5 The requirements of this standard supersede

any corresponding requirements in the ANSI/ASSE Z359.1 -2007, Safety Requirements for Personal

Fall Arrest Systems, Subsystems, and Components. 2. DEFINITIONS

Please refer to ANSI/ASSE Z359.0, Defnitions and

Nomenclature Used for Fall Protection and Fall Arrest, for de f nitions of terms used in this standard. 3. DESIGN REQUIREMENTS 3.1 Single Anchor Lifeline Components. 3.1.1 Connectors integral to single anchor lifelines shall meet the requirements of ANSI/ASSE Z359.1 2. 3.1.2 Rope used in single anchor lifelines shall meet the requirements of 7.2.1 . 3.1.3 When tested in accordance with reference 7.2.2, rope used for a single anchor lifeline shall have an elastic elongation of not greater than 1 0% at a load of 1 ,800 pounds (8 kN).

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ANSI/ASSE Z359.15-2014 American National Standard

Safety Requirements for Single Anchor Lifelines and Fall Arresters for Personal Fall Arrest Systems

3.1 .4 Rope used for single anchor lifelines shall have a minimum nominal diameter of 0.433 inch (11 mm). 3.1 .5 Rope used for single anchor lifelines shall be fabricated without knots or splices in the strand bundles.

3.1 .6 Materials used in the construction of single anchor vertical lifelines shall be made from high te-

nacity industrial grade synthetic f bers, except for

wire rope lifelines described in 3.1 .1 2.

E3.1.5 Typical rope

construction includes the use

of knots in the fbers and yarns, which is acceptable at that level of rope manufacturing. The use of knots to connect strand bundles reduces the rope’s integrity.

E3.1.6 Industrial grade synthetic fbers include ny-

lon, polyester, copolymers, PEN materials and others. Ropes may be blended from different materials to achieve a desired product (reduced weight, abrasion resistance, increased strength, etc.). At the time of publication of this standard, webbing was not generally used as a material of construction for single anchor lifelines and is, therefore, outside the scope of this standard.

3.1 .7 When tested in accordance with 4.3.1 , a single anchor lifeline, supplied with a factory termination, shall have a breaking strength not less than 5,000 pounds (22 kN). Get more FREE standards from

E3.1.7 Single anchor lifelines are commonly termi-

nated at time of manufacture by a splice, swage or stitched termination. Using knots, termination plates, descent control devices or equalizing anchor systems in lieu of a manufactured termination Standard Sharing Group and our chats in the feld to anchor the lifeline is the responsibil ity of the local competent person and beyond the scope of this standard. Knots are commonly used to redirect the lifeline and create anchor systems. The competent person should ensure that the knot used is correct for the application and does not adversely affect the performance of the system in regards to strength or security. Refer to training requirements in ANSI/ASSE Z359. 2.

3.1 .8 Single anchor lifelines supplied with a factory

termination shall be terminated by one of the following methods: 3.1 .8.1 Spliced. Spliced eye terminations in rope shall be made in accordance with the rope manufacturer’s recommendation, subject to the following requirements. Eye splices in twisted rope having three or more strands shall have a minimum of four tucks. A properly sized thimble shall be part of a formed eye termination (see Figure 4). Knots shall not be used to form end terminations. Terminations (including cut ends) and splices shall be seized,

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ANSI/ASSE Z359.15-2014 American National Standard

Safety Requirements for Single Anchor Lifelines and Fall Arresters for Personal Fall Arrest Systems

whipped or otherwise integrally f nished to prevent

the termination or splice from unraveling or unsplicing. See Figure 4a. 3.1 .8.2 Stitched. Stitched eye terminations on rope

shall be sewn using lock stitches. Thread shall be of the same material type as the rope and shall be of a contrasting color to facilitate inspection by the unaided eye with 20/20 vision, or vision corrected to 20/20 at a nominal distance of 1 2 inches (305 mm). A properly sized thimble shall be part of a formed eye termination. Rope ends shall be seared or otherwise prevented from unraveling. See Figure 4b. 3.1 .8.3 Swaged. Swaged eye terminations in rope

using swages shall be made in accordance with the rope manufacturer’s recommendation. The selected swage shall be appropriately sized for the diameter of the lifeline and its edge chamfered to not affect the performance of the lifeline. See Figure 4c. 3.1 .9 When tested in accordance with 4.3.1 , a sin-

gle anchor lifeline, supplied without a factory termination, shall have a minimum breaking strength not less than 6,000 pounds (26.7 kN).

E3.1.9

There are single anchor lifelines, typically static kernmantle ropes that are used for multiple purposes. It is possible for a single anchor lifeline to be used for a descent control or rescue line as well as a single anchor lifeline. During rope access, rescue and descent control applications, a single anchor lifeline may be used as a descent control line or even a rescue line. The scope of Z359.15 applies only to the single anchor lifeline requirements, but it is possible that a single anchor lifeline qualifes for other purposes.

3.1 .1 0 Ropes used as a single anchor lifeline in-

tended to have dual purposes for ascending and descending in rope access or descent control applications shall meet the requirements of 7.2.2.

3.1 .11 When tested in accordance with 4.2.3, following the dynamic performance test, the single anchor lifeline, fall arrester and connecting subsystem shall support a load not less than 1 ,800 pounds (8 kN). 3.1 .12 Single anchor lifelines made from wire rope

shall have:

3.1 .12.1 A breaking strength not less than 6,000

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ANSI/ASSE Z359.15-2014 American National Standard

Safety Requirements for Single Anchor Lifelines and Fall Arresters for Personal Fall Arrest Systems

pounds (26.7 kN) when tested in accordance with 4.3.1 .

3.1.12.2 A diameter not less than 0.31 25 inch (8 mm) and shall be constructed in accordance with 7.3.1 or 7.4.1 as applicable.

3.1.12.3 A factory termination by means of one of the following methods: a) spliced eye with one

swaged f tting, or b) return eye with a minimum of two swaged f ttings. All formed eyes shall incorpo -

rate a properly sized thimble. See Figure 4a.

3.2 Fall Arrester Components. 3.2.1 Connectors integral to fall arresters shall meet the requirements of ANSI/ASSE Z359.1 2.

3.2.2 Non-integral energy absorbers and energy

absorbing lanyards speci f ed for use with fall ar-

resters shall meet the requirements of ANSI/ASSE Z359.1 3.

E3.2.3 Fall arrester and lanyard combinations are available that combine the elastic properties of the lanyard and clutching properties of the fall arrester Get more FREE standards from Standard Sharing Group and our chats to keep fall arrest forces below acceptable levels rather than relying on a personal energy absorber. Fall arrester designs that include an integral lanyard may or may not include a Z359.13 energy absorber.

3.2.3 Lanyards integral to fall arresters shall:

3.2.3.1

Be made from synthetic material having

3.2.3.2

Be terminated by either splice or stitched

3.2.3.3

Be tested in accordance with 4.3. 2 and

strength, aging, abrasion resistance and heat resistance characteristics equivalent or superior to polyamides. method described in 3.1 .8.1 or 3.1 .8.2.

shall sustain a load of 3,600 pounds (1 6 kN), without failure, for a period no less than 1 minute.

3.2.3.4 Have integral connectors that meet the requirements of ANSI/ASSE Z359.1 2.

3.2.3.5 Have a deployment indicator or warning

f ag that is obvious when lanyard has seen fall ar-

rest service or loading.

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ANSI/ASSE Z359.15-2014 American National Standard

Safety Requirements for Single Anchor Lifelines and Fall Arresters for Personal Fall Arrest Systems

Fall arresters shall be automatic in their locking (fall stopping) function and not require any intervention for the locking features to be engaged or activated. 3.2.4

3.2.5 Fall arresters locking mechanism(s) shall be designed to engage if the connecting arm, lever, connector or link is being held open. When tested in accordance with the dynamic performance manual override test in 4.2.4, the fall arrester shall arrest the fall and hold the load for a minimum of 1 minute without moving further down the lifeline. The total fall distance shall be not greater than 11 feet (3.35 m). The average arrest force shall not exceed 900 pounds (4 kN). The maximum arrest force shall not exceed 1 ,800 pounds (8 kN).

E3.2.5

3.2.6 Two consecutive and deliberate actions shall be required to open the fall arrester.

E3.2.6 Common

3.2.7

Fall arresters shall not include a knot or hitch.

The intent of guarding against overriding the fall arresters locking features is to reduce the possibility that the device may be deactivated if refexively grabbed and held open, oriented in a nonengaged position or pushed down the lifeline during onset of a fall. This design requirement will cause the fall arrester to lock and arrest a fall if the lever or connecting link is being held in the open position. Fall arresters are often being handled to install, remove, place overhead and move around obstructions. This creates opportunities for the locking mechanism to be overridden or held in an open position. Fall arresters that rely on a lever to lock, or when there is no lever, rely on the orientation of the device on the rope, can be rendered ineffective by any in fuence holding the lever in the upward position or orienting the device. It is the intent of this standard to require fall arresters to have alternative means of activation, or unique design, which do not rely solely on the position of the lever or device to lock. fall arrester designs have a lock, pin, connector or hinge that must be opened or removed before the device can be installed or removed from the lifeline. This additional step assists in guarding the device from being unintentionally removed. It also prevents the device from disengaging from the lifeline when incidental contact with surrounding structure occurs.

E3.2.7 Knots are not predictable or testable over the given lifetime.

Integral rings or similar openings shall be designed to eliminate incompatibility and gate loading of the mating connectors recommended or permitted by the manufacturer. 3.2.8

When tested in accordance with 4.3.2, fall arresters shall sustain a load of 3,600 pounds (1 6 kN), without failure, for a period no less than 1 minute. The fall arrester may deform, however it shall not release the load. 3.2.9

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Safety Requirements for Single Anchor Lifelines and Fall Arresters for Personal Fall Arrest Systems

3.2.10 When tested in accordance with 4.2.2, at ambient conditions, and following conditioning

speci f ed in 4. 2.5, the fall arrester shall lock on the

lifeline and remain locked, holding the test weight for 1 minute, until released. The fall arrester does not need to function at the conclusion of the test. The total fall distance shall be not greater than 11 feet (3.35 m). The average arrest force shall not exceed 900 pounds (4 kN). The maximum arrest force shall not exceed 1 ,800 pounds (8 kN).

3.2.11 When tested according to 4.2.1 , the fall arrester shall travel up and down the lifeline without assistance.

E3.2.11

The intent of automatic travel is to eliminate fall arrester designs that require the user to physically open or hold open the fall arrester for it to travel along the lifeline. Most fall arrester designs use the lanyard to pull the fall arrester up and down the lifeline. Rope adjusters, used for work positioning and travel restraint systems, are an example of manually operated devices that should not be used in vertical, climbing or descending applications and are outside the scope of this standard.

3.2.12 When tested in accordance with 4.2.3, the fall arrester shall not move down the lifeline more than 4 inches (1 02 mm) when a force no less than 660 pounds (2.94 kN) is FREE applied.standards from Standard Sharing Group and our chats Get more 3.2.13 When tested in accordance with reference

7.5.1 for a minimum of 48 hours, followed by 1 hour drying time, the fall arrester shall operate as intended and shall show no evidence of corrosion of the base metal. The presence of white scale is permitted.

E3.2.13 Although corrosion protection is required on the fall arrester, it is important that the local competent person consider the environment in which the fall arrester and lifeline are being used. Chemicals, paint, grease, cleaning agents or other foreign agents can adversely affect the mechanical operation of the fall arrester as well as the physical condition of the fall arrester and lifeline. Additional research may be required at the local level to determine what affect the local environment will have on the equipment in use.

4. QUALIFICATION AND VERIFICATION TESTING 4.1 Test Equipment and Specimens. 4.1 .1 Qualifcation and Verifcation Testing. Single anchor lifelines and fall arresters shall undergo

quali f cation and veri f cation testing according to Qualifcation and Verifcation Testing of Fall Protection Products .

ANSI/ASSE Z359.7,

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ANSI/ASSE Z359.15-2014 American National Standard

Safety Requirements for Single Anchor Lifelines and Fall Arresters for Personal Fall Arrest Systems

4.1 .2 Drop Test Structure. The drop test structure shall meet the requirements of ANSI/ASSE Z359.7. 4.1 .3 Test Weight. The test weight shall be of a rigid construction, weighing 282 +/- 2 pounds (1 28 +/- 0.9 kg). The center of gravity shall be 1 5 +/- 0.5 inches (381 +/- 1 3 mm) from the upper bearing point of the test weight. An example of a test weight is illustrated in Figure 5. 4.1 .4 Test Instrumentation. The dynamic test instrumentation shall meet the requirements of ANSI/ ASSE Z359.7. 4.1 .5 Nylon Keeper. The nylon keeper used for the manual override test shall be a nylon cable tie, 3/1 6 inch (4.8 mm) wide, 1 /1 6 inch (1 .6 mm) thick with a loop tensile strength of 50 pounds (222 N). 4.1 .6 Manual Override Test Clip. The clip used for the manual override test to hold the fall arrester in the open position shall be a 0.75 inch (1 9 mm) single saddle wire rope clip, Type 1 , Class 1 of reference 7.3.2, or equivalent. See Figure 6. 4.1 .7 Termination Device. When testing nonterminated lifelines, a termination device shall be used to anchor the end of the lifeline to the load cell. The termination device shall be made from steel, aluminum or alloys and will be manufactured within the measurements speci f ed in Figure 7.

4.1 .8 Quick Release Mechanism. The quick release mechanism shall meet the requirements of ANSI/ASSE Z359.7. 4.1 .9 Static Tensile Test Equipment. The static tensile test equipment shall pull at a uniform rate of not greater than 2 inches per minute (51 mm/min) and shall measure force within an accuracy +/- 3% of the speci f ed load.

4.1 .1 0 Test Specimens. Test specimens for quali-

f cation testing are speci f ed in ANSI/ASSE Z359.7.

4.1 .11 Test Cable. The test cable used for the fall arrester static strength test shall meet the requirements of 7.3.1 or 7.4.2. The test cable shall have a breaking strength no less than 7,200 pounds (32

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E4.1.11 The intent of this test is to evaluate the me-

chanical strength of the fall arrester while eliminating variability due to elongation and deformation of rope at high loads. The test cable is not required to

15

ANSI/ASSE Z359.15-2014 American National Standard kN). The test cable diameter shall not be greater than the diameter of lifeline speci f ed by the manu facturer.

Safety Requirements for Single Anchor Lifelines and Fall Arresters for Personal Fall Arrest Systems be within the fall arrester rope diameter range. This allows for a smaller diameter cable to be selected, which accounts for rope compression, thus allowing the fall arrester components to be loaded in their intended orientation.

4.1.12 Rope Block. A rope block, manufactured according to Figure 1 3, shall be used to prevent fall arresters from sliding down the lifeline during testing. The rope block shall be made from steel and have an outer dimension of 1 .5 to 2 inches (38 to 51 mm). The rope block shall be at least 0.25 inch (6 mm) thick. The center hole shall be 0.5 to 1 inch (1 3 to 25 mm) in diameter. The lifeline is inserted through the center and the lifeline is knotted behind the rope block. 4.1.13 The manufacturer shall provide test speci-

mens of each model and combination of: fall arrester, energy absorber(s), connector, integral lanyard, energy absorbing lanyard(s) and lifeline(s). See Figure 3.

E4.1.13

The manufacturer will describe which energy absorber, energy absorbing lanyard, lifeline, connector and fall arrester combinations are specif design, many fall arresters are acceptable for use on a number of lifelines and diameters, whereas f

fed or use and test all combinations. Depending on

others are specifc to a single li eline.

4.1.14 Test specimens used for residual static Get more FREE standards from Standard Sharing Group and our chats strength testing shall be previously tested samples from dynamic performance testing.

4.1.15 Calculating Average Force. For dynamic

performance tests, the average force shall be calculated. Every data point over 500 pounds (2.24 kN) during the activation period of the energy absorber on the force/time graph will be averaged. The sum of the force data points above 500 pounds (2.24 kN) will be divided by the total number of samples above 500 pounds (2.24 kN), resulting in a force average. See Figure 8.

E4.1.15

There may be situations where the data points will go below 500 pounds (2. 24 kN) during testing or at the end of the event as the test weight

comes to rest. The frst and last data points over 500 pounds (2. 24 kN) are used to calculate force average, even if data points go above and below 500 pounds (2. 24 kN) during the event.

4.1.16 Corner Frequency. The force measuring equipment shall have a corner frequency meeting the requirements of ANSI/ASSE Z359.7. 4.2 System and Subsystem Qualifcation Test -

ing.

4.2.1 Function Test. Assemble the lifeline, fall arrester and connecting subsystem according to manufacturer instructions and attach to the test

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Safety Requirements for Single Anchor Lifelines and Fall Arresters for Personal Fall Arrest Systems

structure. Position the fall arrester on the lifeline no less than 24 inches (61 0 mm) below the attachment point of the lifeline to the test structure. Tension the lifeline by suspending 1 0 pounds (4.5 kg) on the bottom of the lifeline. Attach the connecting subsystem to a lifting mechanism no more than 1 2 inches (305 mm) horizontally from the centerline of the lifeline. Use a lifting mechanism to move the fall arrester, at a speed no less than 1 foot/second (0.3 m/s), down the lifeline for a minimum of 1 0 feet (3.04 m) and back up the lifeline to the original location, 24 inches (61 0 mm) from the attachment point. Compare the test results with the requirements in 3.2.11 . Assemble the lifeline, fall arrester and connecting subsystem according to manufacturer instructions and attach to the test structure. Single anchor lifelines without terminations shall be connected to the test structure using the termination device by threading the lifeline through the device (see Figure 7), and pulling the lifeline taut with no visible slack. If the single anchor lifeline has an integral energy absorber, the energy absorber shall be bypassed or removed and the lifeline connected directly to the test structure. Tension the lifeline by suspending 1 0 pounds (4.5 kg) on the bottom of the lifeline. Attach the test weight to the fall arrester using the connecting subsystem supplied by the manufacturer. Raise the test weight to create the maximum free fall distance that can be obtained by the connector(s) and lanyard. The fall arrester shall be supported by the connecting lanyard prior to release (i.e., fall arresters are not to be locked onto the lifeline prior to releasing the test weight). The fall arrester shall be positioned on the lifeline no more than 24 inches (61 0 mm) below the attachment point of the lifeline to the test structure. The test weight shall then be released from a point no more than 1 2 inches (305 mm) horizontally from the centerline of the lifeline. Record the total fall distance, average arrest force and maximum arrest forces. Repeat this test for all connecting subsystem combinations provided by the manufacturer as well as the maximum and minimum lifeline diameters. Compare the test results with the requirements set forth in 3.2.1 0. See Figure 1 0. 4 . 2 . 2 D yn a m i c Pe rfo rm a n ce

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Te s t .

E4.2.2

One of the objectives of the dynamic performance test is that the energy absorbing ability of the system occurs with the fall arrester and/or the connecting subsystem, not by an energy absorber at the anchorage location of the lifeline. Although designs incorporating an energy absorber at the anchorage location can be effective, there are numerous applications where a lifeline is redirected, affecting the performance of the energy absorber and increase the arresting force of the system. It is the intent of this test to ensure that the fall arrester or connecting subsystem absorbs the energy.

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ANSI/ASSE Z359.15-2014 American National Standard

Safety Requirements for Single Anchor Lifelines and Fall Arresters for Personal Fall Arrest Systems

4.2.3 Residual Static Strength Test. This test shall be conducted after the dynamic performance test using the test specimens previously tested. Remove the test weight and connecting subsystem and connect the static tensile equipment to the fall arrester. The fall arrester shall remain in a locked position and not moved to an alternate location on the lifeline. Alternatively, the lifeline, fall arrester and connecting subsystem may be removed and placed into a tensile test machine, providing the fall arrester remains in a locked position and not moved to an alternate location on the lifeline. If the connecting subsystem is integrally connected to the fall arrester, attach the static test equipment to the end of the connecting subsystem (see Figure 9). Subject the system to a force no less than 660 pounds (2.94 kN) for a period no less than 1 minute. The time to reach this force shall be no less than 1 minute to avoid dynamic effects. If the fall arrester moves more than 4 inches (1 02 mm), compare the result with 3.2.1 2 and discontinue the test. After 1 minute, increase the force on the system to no less than 1 ,800 pounds (8 kN) for a period no less than 1 minute. If the fall arrester begins to slide, stop the test and terminate the lifeline using the rope block, preventing the fallFREE arrester’s travel. Reapply from Standard Sharing Group and our chats the load to a Get forcemore no less thanstandards 1 ,800 pounds (8 kN) for a period no less than 1 minute. Compare the test results with the requirements in 3.1 .11 . 4.2.4 Dynamic Performance – Manual Override Test. Assemble the lifeline, fall arrester and con-

necting subsystem according to manufacturer instructions and attach to the test structure. Single anchor lifelines without terminations shall be connected to the test structure using the termination device by threading the lifeline through the device, and pulling the lifeline taut with no visible slack. Attach the test clip (4.1 .6) to the lifeline. Override the fall arrester lever or connector and hold the device in the non-engaged position using the nylon keeper (4.1 .5) attached to the manual override test clip (see Figure 11). Adjust the manual override test clip as needed so the fall arrester is held fully open (simulating a hand holding the lever or connector open). Adjust the manual override test clip so it does not bend or hinder the lifeline. The manual override test clip can be adjusted to hold the fall arrester completely open, but not put any bends into

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Safety Requirements for Single Anchor Lifelines and Fall Arresters for Personal Fall Arrest Systems

the lifeline. The override test clip shall be able to move freely on the lifeline. The nylon keeper shall be secured around the fall arrester lever, holding the fall arrester beyond its non-engaged position to simulate the device being held open. If the fall arrester does not have a lever, the nylon keeper and manual override test clip can be used to hold the fall arrester connector in the open position. The fall arrester shall be positioned on the lifeline 24 inches (609.6 mm) below the attachment point of the lifeline to the test structure. Tension the lifeline by suspending 1 0 pounds (4.5 kg) on the bottom of the lifeline. Fall arresters shall be supported by the connecting subsystem attached to the test weight prior to release (i.e., they are not to be locked onto the lifeline prior to releasing the test weight). Attach the test weight to the fall arrester using the connecting subsystem supplied by the manufacturer. Raise the test weight to create the maximum free fall distance that can be obtained by the connecting subsystem. The test weight shall then be released from a point no more than 1 2 inches (305 mm) horizontally from the centerline of the lifeline. Record the total fall distance, as well as the average and maximum arrest force. Repeat this test for all fall arrester, lifeline and connecting subsystem combinations provided by the manufacturer as well as the maximum and minimum lifeline diameters. Compare the test results with the requirements set forth in 3.2.5. See Figure 1 2. The lifeline, fall arrester and lanyard combinations shall be conditioned according to the hot, cold and wet requirements listed below. Conditioning shall include the connecting 4.2.5 Conditioning Tests.

subsystem that the manufacturer speci f es for use.

Test the conditioned samples according to 4.2.2.

Place the lifeline, fall arrester and lanyard in a heated chamber for no less than 2 hours at a temperature of 1 30 +/- 4 degrees F (54 +/- 2 C). Test within 5 minutes of removal from the chamber and compare the results with the requirements of 3.2.1 0. 4.2.5.1 Hot Test.

Place the lifeline, fall arrester and lanyard in a refrigerated chamber for no less than 2 hours at a temperature of -31 +/- 4 degrees F (-35 +/- 2 C). Test within 5 minutes of removal 4.2.5.2 Cold Test.

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Safety Requirements for Single Anchor Lifelines and Fall Arresters for Personal Fall Arrest Systems

from the chamber and compare the results with the requirements of 3.2.1 0.

4.2.5.3 Wet Test. Submerge the lifeline, fall arrester and lanyard in water at ambient temperature for no less than 3 hours. Test within 5 minutes of removal from the bucket and compare the results with the requirements of 3.2.1 0. 4.3 Component, Constituent and Element Qu a l i f ca ti on

Te s ti n g .

4.3.1 Static Strength Test – Single Anchor Lifeline. Connect the lifeline test specimen between

the connectors of the tensile test equipment. If the lifeline includes an integral energy absorber, include the energy absorber component in the test. Subject the lifeline to a force no less than 5,000 pounds (22.2 kN) for terminated specimens and 6,000 pounds (26.7 kN) for non-terminated and wire rope specimens for a period no less than 1 minute. Apply the load at no greater than 6 inches per minute (1 52.4 mm/min) to avoid dynamic effects. Compare the test results with the requirements in 3.1 .7, 3.1 .9 or 3.1 .1 2.1 as applicable.

Get more FREE standards from Standard Sharing Group and our chats 4.3.2 Static Strength Test – Fall Arrester. Con-

nect the fall arrester to the test cable. Connect the test cable and fall arrester test specimen between the connectors of the tensile test equipment. If the fall arrester has an integral connecting subsystem, attach the static test equipment to the integral components so they are loaded as part of the test (see Figure 9). Engage the fall arrester in a locked position. The load shall be applied on the fall arrester’s locking mechanism and not applied to the body or housing of the device. Subject the specimen to a force no less than 3,600 pounds (1 6 kN) for a period no less than 1 minute. If the fall arrester begins to move, stop the test and terminate the rope below the fall arrester using a knot immediately below the rope block. Apply the load at no greater than 2 inches per minute (50.8 mm/min) to avoid dynamic effects. Compare the test results with the requirements in 3.2.9.

5. MARKINGS AND INSTRUCTIONS 5.1 General Marking Requirements.

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ANSI/ASSE Z359.15-2014 American National Standard 5.1 .1

Safety Requirements for Single Anchor Lifelines and Fall Arresters for Personal Fall Arrest Systems

Markings shall be in English.

5.1 .2 The legibility and attachment of required markings shall endure for the life of the fall arrester or single anchor lifeline being marked. When pressure sensitive labels are used, they shall comply with the applicable provision of UL 969-89, Marking and Labeling Systems . 5. 2 S p e ci f c M a rki n g Re q u i re m e n ts .

5.2.1

ing:

Fall arresters shall be marked with the follow-

Part number or model designation; Year of manufacture; Manufacturer’s name or logo; Capacity rating; Serial number; Standard number “Z359.1 5”; Warning to follow the manufacturer’s instructions included with the equipment at time of shipment from the manufacturer; The direction of use of the fall arrester on its single anchor lifeline; The proper size(s) and type(s) of single anchor lifeline with which the fall arrester is intended to be used; Warning to use only manufacturer approved lanyards according to instructions.

• • • • • • • • • •

5.2.2 Single anchor lifelines shall be marked to identify:

The fiber used in the material of construction; The diameter of lifeline; The length of the lifeline; The model of fall arrester(s) acceptable for use with the lifeline; The need to avoid contact with sharp edges and abrasive surfaces; Standard number “Z359.1 5”; Serial number; Part number or model designation; Year of manufacture; Manufacturer’s name or logo.

• • • • • • • • • •

5.2.3

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Integral lanyards shall be marked to identify:

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ANSI/ASSE Z359.15-2014 American National Standard • • •

• •

• • • • •

Safety Requirements for Single Anchor Lifelines and Fall Arresters for Personal Fall Arrest Systems

The material used in lanyard construction; The length of the lanyard; The need to avoid contact with sharp edges and abrasive surfaces; The need to make only compatible connections; The average arrest force, maximum free fall distance, maximum deployment distance and capacity; Standard number “Z359.1 5”; Serial number; Part number or model designation; Year of manufacture; Manufacturer’s name or logo.

5 . 3 G en e ra l I n s tru c ti o n

5 . 3 .1

Re q u i re m en ts .

Instructions shall be provided to the user,

printed in English and aff xed to the equipment at

the time of shipment from the manufacturer.

Instructions shall contain the following information: 5. 3. 2

• •

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A statement that the manufacturer’s instructions shall be provided to users; Manufacturer’s name, address and telephone number; Get more FREE standards from Standard Sharing Group and our chats Manufacturer’s part number or model designation for the equipment; Intended use and purpose of the equipment; Proper method of use and limitations on use of the equipment; Illustrations showing locations of markings on the equipment; Reproduction of printed information on all markings; Inspection procedures required to assure the equipment is in serviceable condition and operating correctly; Anchorage requirements; Criteria for discarding and retiring equipment which fails inspection; Procedures for cleaning, maintenance and storage; A reference chart that indicates the clearance requirements of the system according to the fall arrester, energy absorbing lanyard and elongation characteristics of the lifeline.

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Safety Requirements for Single Anchor Lifelines and Fall Arresters for Personal Fall Arrest Systems

5.3.3 Instructions shall require that only the equipment manufacturer, or persons or entities authorized in writing by the manufacturer, shall make repairs to equipment.

5.3.4 Instructions shall require the user to remove

equipment from f eld service if it has been subject -

ed to the forces of arresting a fall.

5.3.5 Instructions shall require the user to have a rescue plan and the means at hand to implement it when using the equipment. 5.3.6 Instructions shall provide warnings regarding: • Altering the equipment; • Misusing the equipment; • Using combinations of fall arresters, lanyards,

lifelines, which may affect or interfere with the safe function of each other; Exposing the equipment to chemicals which may produce a harmful effect and to consult the manufacturer in cases of doubt; Using the equipment around moving machinery and electrical hazards; Using the equipment near sharp edges and abrasive surfaces, as well as the need for abrasion protection; Other warnings deemed necessary by the manufacturer.

• • • •

5.4 Specifc Instruction Requirements.

5.4.1 Fall Arresters. In addition to the require-

ments in 5.3, instructions for fall arresters shall include:

• Acceptable lanyards, by make and model, for use with the fall arrester;

• How to attach the lanyard to the fall arrester; • The maximum allowable free fall distance; • Proper method of connection to the full body harness (frontal and/or dorsal connection);

• Warnings that the fall arrester shall be attached to no more than one lifeline;

• Warnings that the fall arrester shall be attached to no more than one user;

• Warnings to avoid exposure to physical and

chemical hazards which the fall arrester is not designed to withstand;

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Safety Requirements for Single Anchor Lifelines and Fall Arresters for Personal Fall Arrest Systems

• Instructions to not manipulate or hold the fall ar• • • • • • •

rester body or lever, but to move the fall arrester up/down by the lanyard; The maximum arrest distance and clearance requirement when dynamically tested in accordance with the requirements of this standard; The proper size, construction and type of single anchor lifelines with which the fall arrester is intended to be used; Warnings to emphasize that anchoring be above the user to prevent pendulum fall; Warnings to emphasize use is not suitable when the user is positioned on an unstable surface, fine grain material or particulate solids such as sand or coal; Information for determining total fall distance including lifeline elongation; Capacity range of 1 30 to 31 0 pounds; Standard number “Z359.1 5”.

5.4.2 Single Anchor Lifelines. In addition to the requirements in 5.3, instructions for single anchor lifelines shall include: • The material used in the single anchor lifeline construction;

Get more FREE standards from Standard Sharing Group and our chats • Proper method of coupling the single anchor life-

line to anchorage connectors and anchorages with which it is intended to be used and to adjacent components of the system; • The minimum static strength; • Warnings that only one fall arrester be attached to the single anchor lifeline; • Warnings that only one user can be attached to the single anchor lifeline; • Warnings to avoid exposure to physical and chemical hazards which the single anchor lifeline is not designed to withstand; • Warnings using the equipment near sharp edges and abrasive surfaces and the need for abrasion protection; • Warnings to avoid swing fall hazards encountered when the anchorage is not directly overhead; • The proper fall arrester, by make and model, with which the single anchor lifeline is intended to be used; • The percentage of stretch of the lifeline when loaded to 900 pounds (4 kN); • Capacity range of 1 30 to 31 0 pounds; • Lifeline melting point;

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Safety Requirements for Single Anchor Lifelines and Fall Arresters for Personal Fall Arrest Systems

• Standard number “Z359.1 5”; • If permissible by the manufacturer,

speci f c direc tions how to cut damaged sections from the lifelines and how to re-label non-terminated lifelines according to 5.2.2; • Direction how to stabilize the lower end of the lifeline with a weight or alternative method directed by the manufacturer; • Direction(s) regarding placement of a rope stop to prevent the fall arrester inadvertently traveling off the end of the lifeline.

6. USER INSPECTION, MAINTENANCE AND STORAGE OF EQUIPMENT 6.1 Inspection. Users of fall arresters and single anchor lifelines shall, at a minimum, comply with all manufacturer instructions regarding the inspection. The user’s organization shall retain the manufacturer’s instructions and make them readily available to all users. 6.1.1 Fall arresters and single anchor lifelines shall be inspected by the user before each use and, additionally, by a competent person other than the user at intervals of no more than one year. 6.1.2 Inspection criteria for fall arresters and single anchor lifelines shall be set by the user’s organization. Such criteria for the equipment shall equal or exceed the greater of the criteria established by this standard or the manufacturer’s instructions. 6.1.3 When inspection reveals defects in, dam-

age to, or inadequate maintenance of fall arresters and single anchor lifelines, the equipment shall be permanently removed from service or undergo adequate corrective maintenance before return to service.

6.1.4 In addition to the inspection requirements set

forth in the manufacturer’s instructions, fall arresters and single anchor lifelines shall be inspected at both inspection levels described in 6.1 .1 for:

• Absence or illegibility of markings; • Absence of any elements affecting the equipment form, fit or function;

• Evidence of defects in or damage to hardware el-

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Safety Requirements for Single Anchor Lifelines and Fall Arresters for Personal Fall Arrest Systems

ements including cracks, sharp edges, deformation, corrosion, chemical attack, excessive heating, alteration and excessive wear; • Evidence of defects in or damage to synthetics or ropes including fraying, unsplicing, unlaying, kinking, knotting, broken or pulled stitches, excessive elongation, chemical attack, excessive soiling, abrasion, alteration, needed or excessive lubrication, excessive aging and excessive wear. 6.2 Maintenance and Storage. Maintenance and storage of fall arresters and single anchor lifelines shall be conducted by the user’s organization in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. Unique issues, which may arise due to conditions of use, shall be addressed with the manufacturer. 6.2.1 Fall arresters and single anchor lifelines in need of or scheduled for maintenance shall be tagged as unusable and removed from service. 6.2.2 Fall arresters and single anchor lifelines shall be stored in a manner as to preclude damage from environmental factors such as heat, light, excessive moisture, abrasion, oil, chemicals and their vapors or other degrading elements.

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7. REFERENCES When referred to herein, the speci f c references cited below (inclusive of the revision designated) shall be applied. If any of the listed references is revised or is obsoleted by its issuer, the speci f c reference

cited below shall continue to apply to this standard

unless and until this standard is off cially amended.

7.1 American Society of Safety Engineers, 1 800 East Oakton Street, Des Plaines, Illinois, 6001 821 87 7.1 .1 ANSI/ASSE Z359.0, Defnitions and Nomen clature Used for Fall Protection and Fall Arrest

7.1 .2 ANSI/ASSE Z359.1 , Safety Requirements for Personal Fall Arrest Systems, Subsystems, and Components

7.1 .3 ANSI/ASSE Z359.2, Minimum Requirements

for a Comprehensive Managed Fall Protection Program

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ANSI/ASSE Z359.15-2014 American National Standard 7.1 .4

ANSI/ASSE Z359.3,

7.1 .5

ANSI/ASSE Z359.7, Qualifcation and Verif-

Safety Requirements for Single Anchor Lifelines and Fall Arresters for Personal Fall Arrest Systems

Safety Requirements for Positioning and Travel Restraint Systems

cation Testing of Fall Protection Products

ANSI/ASSE Z359.1 2,

7.1 .6 Connecting Components for Personal Fall Arrest Systems 7.1 .7

ANSI/ASSE Z359.1 3,

Personal Energy Absorbers and Energy Absorbing Lanyards

7.2 Cordage Institute, 994 Old Eagle School Road, Suite 1 01 9, Wayne, PA, 1 9087-1 866 7.2.1

CI 1 201 -06, Fiber Ropes: General Standard

7.2.2

CI 1 801 -07,

Low Stretch and Static Kernmantle Life Safety Rope

7.3 General Services Administration, Speci f ca tion Branch, 7th & D Street, S.W. Washington, DC

20407

7.3.1 Federal Speci f cation, RR-W-41 0E, Wire Rope and Strand

7.3.2 Federal Speci f cation, FF-C-450D, Clamps, Wire Rope

U.S. Department of Defense, National Publication Form Center 5801 Tabor Avenue Philadelphia, PA 1 91 20-5099 7.4

MIL-DTL-83420M, Military Specifcation, Wire Rope, Flexible, for Aircra ft Control 7.4.1

7.4.2 MIL-DTL-831 40A, Military Specifcation, De tail Specifcation for Wire Rope; Steel, (Stainless Steel) Preformed, Non-rotating for Aircraft Rescue Hoist and Cargo Handling

7.5

ASTM, 1 91 6 Race St. Philadelphia, PA 1 91 03

7.5.1 ASTM, B11 7-90, Method of Spray Salt (Fog) Testing

7.6 Underwriters Laboratories, Inc., 333 P f ngsten

Road, Northbrook, IL, 60062-2096 7.6.1

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UL 969-89,

Marking and Labeling Systems

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Safety Requirements for Single Anchor Lifelines and Fall Arresters for Personal Fall Arrest Systems

Lifeline Guide

Lifeline Guide Housing

Cam Lever

Connector Opening

Cam Lever

Integral Ring

Housing

Housing

Lifeline Guide

Get more FREE standards from Standard Sharing Group and our chatsHousing Housing Connector

Opening

Cam Lever Cam Lever

Housing

Lifeline Guide

Integral Ring Lifeline Guide

Lifeline Guide

Figure 1: Examples of Typical Fall Arresters Drawings © Copyright

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Twisted Rope Non-Terminated

Kernmantle Rope Non-Terminated

Safety Requirements for Single Anchor Lifelines and Fall Arresters for Personal Fall Arrest Systems

Twisted Rope Terminated

Twisted Rope Terminated

Kernmantle Rope Kernmantle Rope Sewn Terminated Sewn Terminated

Wire Rope Terminated

Figure 2: Examples of Single Anchor Vertical Lifelines Drawings © Copyright

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Carabiner

Carabiner

Carabiner Energy Absorber Lifeline

Snaphook

Carabiner

Snaphook

Lifeline

Lifeline

Lifeline

Lifeline

Lifeline

Lifeline

Lifeline

Lifeline

Fall Arrester

Fall Arrester Snaphook

Fall Arrester

Fall Arrester

Fall Arrester

Fall Arrester

Fall Arrester

Fall Arrester

Carabiner Get more FREE standards from StandardIntegral Sharing Group and our chats

Snaphook

Carabiner

Carabiner

Lanyard

Snaphook

Snaphook

Snaphook

Integral Lanyard Integral Energy Absorbing Lanyard

Energy Absorbing Lanyard Lifeline Tensioner

Lifeline Tensioner

Integral Energy Absorbing Lanyard Lifeline Tensioner

Lifeline Tensioner

Integral Energy Absorbing Lanyard Lifeline Tensioner

Energy Absorbing Lanyard

Lifeline Tensioner

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Figure 3 : Examples of Single Anchor Vertical Lifelines, Fall Arresters and Connecting Subsystem Combinations

Non Terminated Rope

ANSI/ASSE Z359.15-2014 American National Standard

Drawings © Copyright

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Safety Requirements for Single Anchor Lifelines and Fall Arresters for Personal Fall Arrest Systems Thimble

Splice

Synthetic Rope

Figure 4a: Spliced Eye Termination

Thimble

Stitches

Synthetic Rope

Figure 4b: Stitched Eye Termination

Thimble

Swaged Fitting

Wire Rope

Figure 4c: Return Eye Termination Figure 4: Examples of Formed Eyes Drawings © Copyright

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Get of more FREE standards from Standard Sharing Group and our chats Center Gravity

Connection for Hip Test

Figure 5: Example of Weight Drawings © Copyright

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AMERICAN S OCIETY OF S AFETY E NGINEERS

ANSI/ASSE Z359.15-2014 American National Standard

Safety Requirements for Single Anchor Lifelines and Fall Arresters for Personal Fall Arrest Systems

Figure 6: Manual Override Test Clip Drawings © Copyright

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ANSI/ASSE Z359.15-2014 American National Standard

Safety Requirements for Single Anchor Lifelines and Fall Arresters for Personal Fall Arrest Systems

The Termination Device shall be Between 0. 25-

0.75 in (6.4-1 9 cm) Thick

Size According to Rope Diameter (chamfered edges)

1 0-1 2 in (25-30.5 cm)

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1 .5-2 in (3.8-5 cm) 0.25-0.75 in (0.64-1 .9 cm)

Front

Side

With Lifeline

Figure 7: Termination Device Drawings © Copyright

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AMERICAN S OCIETY OF S AFETY E NGINEERS

Safety Requirements for Single Anchor Lifelines and Fall Arresters for Personal Fall Arrest Systems

Figure 8: Example of Force Average Calculation

6.2 1 00

200

300

400

500 lbs. 500

600

700

800

900

1 000

11 00

1 200

Load Sample (x)

(1 /1 000 Sampling Rate)

x1

x2

x3

y1 y2 y3

6.4

TIME

Total # of Samples

6.6

6.8

7.0

ANSI/ASSE Z359.15-2014 American National Standard

FORCE Drawings © Copyright

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35

ANSI/ASSE Z359.15-2014 American National Standard

Anchorage I-Beam

Safety Requirements for Single Anchor Lifelines and Fall Arresters for Personal Fall Arrest Systems

Anchorage I-Beam

Load Cell

Anchorage I-Beam

Load Cell

24 in (61 cm)

Anchorage I-Beam

Load Cell

Load Cell

24 in (61 cm)

24 in (61 cm)

Fall Arrester (Locked)

24 in (61 cm)

Fall Arrester (Locked)

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Static Test Equipment

Static Test Equipment

Fall Arrester (Locked)

Static Test Equipment

Static Test Equipment

Figure 9: Fall Arrester Static Strength Test Drawings © Copyright

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AMERICAN S OCIETY OF S AFETY E NGINEERS

ANSI/ASSE Z359.15-2014 American National Standard

Safety Requirements for Single Anchor Lifelines and Fall Arresters for Personal Fall Arrest Systems

BEFORE DROP

AFTER DROP

Anchorage I-Beam

Anchorage I-Beam Winch

Winch Load Cell

Load Cell

24” (61 cm)

Fall Arrester (Unlocked)

Quick Release Mechanism

Quick Release Mechanism

Test Weight Before Drop Test

Before Drop Test

Integral Lanyard or Lanyard Sample(s) Supplied by Manufacturer

Activation Distance Fall Arrester (Locked)

Vertical Lifeline

Stretch of Lifeline

Total Fall Distance Energy Absorber Deployment Distance/Lanyard Stretch

Lifeline Tensioners 1 0 lbs. (5 kg)

Lifeline Tensioners 1 0 lbs. (5 kg) 1 2” max. (305 mm)

Figure 1 0: Dynamic Performance Test Drawings © Copyright

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37

ANSI/ASSE Z359.15-2014 American National Standard

Safety Requirements for Single Anchor Lifelines and Fall Arresters for Personal Fall Arrest Systems I- Beam

Winch Quick Release Mechanism

Energy Absorbing Lanyard Test Weight Before Drop Test

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Figure 11 : Manual Override Test Clip Connection Drawings © Copyright

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AMERICAN S OCIETY OF S AFETY E NGINEERS

ANSI/ASSE Z359.15-2014 American National Standard

Safety Requirements for Single Anchor Lifelines and Fall Arresters for Personal Fall Arrest Systems

BEFORE DROP

AFTER DROP

Anchorage I-Beam

Anchorage I-Beam Winch

Winch

Load Cell

Load Cell Quick Release Mechanism

Quick Release Mechanism

24” (61 cm)

Test Weight Before Drop Test

Test Weight Before Drop Test

Manual Override Test Clip Fall Arrester (Unlocked)

Integral Lanyard or Lanyard Sample(s) Supplied by Manufacturer

Manual Override Test Clip Fall Arrester (Locked)

Vertical Lifeline

Activation Distance Stretch of Lifeline

Total Fall Distance Energy Absorber Deployment Distance/Lanyard Stretch

Lifeline Tensioners 1 0 lbs. (5 kg)

Lifeline Tensioners 1 0 lbs. (5 kg) 1 2” max. (305 mm)

Figure 1 2: Manual Override Performance Test Drawings © Copyright

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39

ANSI/ASSE Z359.15-2014 American National Standard

Safety Requirements for Single Anchor Lifelines and Fall Arresters for Personal Fall Arrest Systems

Figure 13a: Rope Block

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Figure 13b: Rope Block with Stopper Knot in Lifeline

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AMERICAN S OCIETY OF S AFETY E NGINEERS

END USER LICENSE AGREEMENT IMPORTANT

- READ CAREFULLY B EFORE DOWNLOADING OR COPYING TO YOUR

COMPUTER ANYFILE(S ) CONTAINED HEREWITH. THE STANDARD(S ) AND OTHER INFORMATION PROVIDED HEREWITH ARE COPYRIGHTED. B Y DOWNLOADING ANY FILE PROVIDED HEREWITH TO YOUR COMPUTER, YOU ARE ACCEPTING AND AGREEING TO THE TERMS OF THIS LICENS E AGREEMENT. IF YOU ARE NOT WILLING TO B E B OUND B Y THE TERMS OF THIS LICENS E AGREEMENT, PRIOR TO DOWNLOADING OR COPYING TO YOUR COMPUTER ANY FILES (S ), YOU MUS T DECLINE ACCES S TO S UCH MATERIALS .

1. GRANT OF LICENSE:

S ubj ect to the provisions contained herein and to the payment of all

applicable fees, the American S ociety of Safety Engineers (AS S E) grants you a nonexclusive, nontransferable license to the materials contained herewith (the " Product" ). Your licensed rights to the Product are limited to the following:

(a) This License Agreement does not convey to you an interest in or to the Product, but only a limited right of use revocable in accordance with the terms of this License Agreement.

(b) You may install one copy of the Product on, and permit access to it by, a single computer owned, leased or otherwise controlled by you. In the event that computer becomes dysfunctional, such that you are unable to access the Product, you may transfer the Product to another computer, provided that the Product is removed from the computer from which it is transferred and the use of the Product on the replacement computer otherwise complies with the terms of this Agreement. Neither concurrent use on two or more computers nor use in a local area network or other network is permitted. You shall not merge, adapt, translate, modify, rent, lease, sell, sublicense, assign, loan or give to or otherwise transfer any of the Product, or copies thereof, or remove any proprietary notice or label appearing on any of the Product to any individual or entity for any reason or purpose. You may copy the Product only for backup purposes.

(c) You acknowledge and agree that the Product is proprietary to the Copyright holder (the " Owner" ) identified on the front page of the Product, and is protected under U. S . copyright law and international copyright treaties. You further acknowledge and agree that all right, title and interest in and to the Product, including all intellectual property rights, are and shall remain entirely with the Owner.

(d) You shall provide AS SE or any designee of AS S E with all information necessary to assure compliance with the terms of this Agreement. In the event you are not in compliance with the terms of this Agreement through the actions of unrelated third parties, you shall use your best efforts to cooperate with AS S E and any of its designees to assure compliance.

2. LIMITED WARRANTY: (a) AS S E warrants for your benefit alone that, unless disclosed in the Product to the contrary, AS S E and the Owner can license the Product and all copyright and trademarks related thereto or therein.

(b) THE EXPRES S WARRANTIES S ET FORTH IN THIS S ECTION 2 CONS TITUTE THE ONLY WARRANTIES WITH RES PECT TO THE PRODUCT AND AS S E AND THE OWNER MAKE NO OTHER REPRES ENTATION OR WARRANTY OR CONDITION OF ANY KIND, WHETHER

EXPRESS OR IMPLIED (EITHER IN FACT OR BY OPERATION OF LAW) WITH RESPECT TO ANY OF THE PRODUCT, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, WITH RESPECT TO THE SUFFICIENCY, ACCURACY OR UTILIZATION OF, OR ANY INFORMATION OR OPINION CONTAINED OR REFLECTED IN, ANY OF THE PRODUCT. ASSE AND THE OWNER EXPRESSLY DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. NO OFFICER, DIRECTOR, EMPLOYEE, MEMBER, AGENT, CONSULTANT, CONTRACTOR, REPRESENTATIVE OR PUBLISHER OF THE COPYRIGHT HOLDER IS AUTHORIZED TO MAKE ANY MODIFICATION, EXTENSION, OR ADDITION TO THIS LIMITED WARRANTY. 3. INDEMNIFICATION:

The Owner, ASSE, any agent, representative, publisher or distributor of the Product, or any of their respective directors, officers, employees, agents, representatives or members (the “ASSE and Owner Indemnified Parties”) shall have no liability for, and you shall defend, indemnify and hold each of the

ASSE and Owner Indemnified Parties harmless from and against, any claim, loss, demand, liability, obligation and expenses (including reasonable attorneys' fees) based upon or arising out of any injury or damage, or any product liability claim, including but not limited to, any personal or bodily injury or property damage, arising out of, pertaining to, or resulting in any way from, the use or possession of any of the Product by you and/or any of your directors, officers, employees, representatives, agents or contractors. 4. LIMITATION OF LIABILITY: Get more FREE standards from Standard Sharing Group and our chats

a) You acknowledge that each of ASSE and Owner's obligations and liabilities with respect to the Product are exhaustively defined in this Agreement. You are responsible for the consequences of any use of any of the Product (whether or not such use was consistent with the license granted hereunder) created therefrom. Whether or not ASSE or Owner has been advised of their possibility, neither ASSE nor Owner nor any of its representatives or agents, directors, officers, employees, agents, representatives or members, shall be liable, whether under contract, tort (including negligence) or otherwise, for any indirect, special, punitive, incidental or consequential loss, damage, cost or expense of any kind whatsoever and howsoever caused, that may be suffered by you or any of your directors, officers, employees, agents, representatives or contractors or any third party. b) If at any time an allegation of infringement of any rights of any third party is made, or in ASSE or Owner's opinion is likely to be made, with respect to any of the Product, ASSE may, at its option and at its own expense (i) obtain for you the right to continue using the Product, (ii) modify or replace the Product or any portion thereof so as to avoid any such claim of infringements, or (iii) refund to you the License Fee. ASSE shall have no liability to you if any claim of infringement would have been avoided except for your refusal to use any modified or replacement Product supplied or offered to be supplied pursuant to this Section 4(b) or to otherwise cease using the Product. Notwithstanding anything contained in this Agreement, and except as set forth in Section 4(b) hereof, ASSE and/or Owner's liability to you for damages pursuant to this Section 4(b), if any, shall not exceed the amounts of the License Fee paid by you for the Product subject to any such claim.

c) S ection 4(b) state the entire liability of AS S E and Owner with respect to the infringement or alleged infringement of any third party rights of any kind whatsoever by any of the Product.

5. TERMINATION:

This Agreement may be terminated immediately by Owner or AS S E upon breach

of any provision of this Agreement by you. Upon any termination of this Agreement, you shall immediately discontinue the use of the Product and shall within ten (1 0) days either return files(s) on diskette(s), if any, to AS S E or certify in writing to ASS E that the Product has been deleted from your computer and is eliminated from your premises.

6. GOVERNING LAW:

This Agreement shall be governed by the laws of the S tate of Illinois without

reference to its conflict of laws provisions and you further consent to j urisdiction by the state and federal courts sitting in the S tate of Illinois.

7. MISCELLANEOUS:

This Agreement constitutes the complete and exclusive agreement between

AS S E and you with respect to the subj ect matter hereof, and supercedes all prior oral or written understandings, communications or agreements not specifically incorporated herein. This Agreement may not be modified except in writing duly signed by an authorized representative of AS S E and you. If any provision of this Agreement is held to be unenforceable for any reason, such provision shall be reformed only to the extent necessary to make it enforceable, and such decision shall not affect the enforceability (i) of such provision under other circumstances, or (ii) of the remaining provisions hereof under all circumstances. Headings shall not be considered in interpreting the Agreement.

8. EXPORT:

You may not load or export or re-export any of the Product or any underlying information

or technology except in full compliance with all United S tates and other applicable laws and regulations.

BY ACCESSING THE PRODUCT, YOU ACKNOWLEDGE THAT YOU HAVE READ THE TERMS OF THIS LICENSE AGREEMENT AND AGREE TO BE BOUND BY ITS TERMS.

ASSE Sets the Standard.

We have a variety of standards for purchase that will improve productivity, increase efciency, reduce cost and minimize risk. ANSI Secretariat for:

• A10 Construction & Demolition Operations • A1264 Protection of Floor & Wall Openings • Z9 Ventilation Systems • Z10 Safety & Health Management • Z15 Motor Vehicle Safety • Z88 Respiratory Protection • Z117 Confned Spaces • Z244 Control of Hazardous Energy – Lockout/Tagout & Alternative Methods • Z359 Fall Protection • Z390 Hydrogen Sulfde (H2S) Training Programs • Z490 Safety, Health & Environmental Training • Z590 Competence & Certi fcation in the Safety Profession and Prevention Through Design U.S. Technical Advisory Group Administrator for:

• Fall Protection • Safety & Health Management Systems • Risk Management/Assessment

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For more information visit www.asse.org/standards or contact customer service at +1 .847.699.2929

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A S S E Printed in U.S.A.

American Society of Safety Engineers 1 800 East Oakton Street, Des Plaines, IL 6001 8 USA +1 .847.699.2929 [emailprotected] • www.asse.org

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