ANSI Table of Fits - [PDF Document] (2022)

  • ANSI Fits Practices(Based on ASME B4.1 and B4.2)

    Bruce A. HardingMechanical Engineering Technology

  • Factors affecting fit selection Length of engagement Bearing load Lubrication

    Materials Temperature Humidity

    Modifications to ANSI fits may be required to satisfy extreme conditions. Subsequent adjustments may also be required as a result of particular application experience to suit critical functional requirements or to permit optimum manufacturing economy.

  • ANSI Preferred Tolerances & Allowances (ANS B4.1-1967)

    Thousandths of an inch

  • ANSI Standard Tolerances (ANSI B4.1-1967)

    Thousandths of an inch. Above line to ABC agreement

  • Relationship of Machining Tolerances and Tolerance Grades

    This chart may be used as a general guide to determine the machining machining processes that will under normal circumstances produce work within the tolerance grades shown.

  • ANSI Standard Fits (Inch) In selecting limits of size for any

    application, the type of fit is determined first, based on the use or service required first, based on the use or service required from the equipment being designed.

    Then the limits of size of the mating parts are established, to insure that the desired fit will be produced.

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  • ANSI Standard Fits (Inch) RC = Running or Sliding Clearance Fit LC = Locational Clearance Fit LT = Transition Clearance or Interference Fit LN = Locational Interference Fit LN = Locational Interference Fit FN = Force or Shrink Fit

    The symbols are not intended to be shown on drawings. Instead, sizes (dimensions) based on the fits should be specified on the drawings. The letter symbols are then used in conjunction with class of fit numbers, thus FN 4 represents a Class 4, force fit.

  • Running & Sliding Fits (RC 1-4)

    Values represent limits for hole & shaft and min. & max. clearances.

  • Description of Fits (RC 1-2)Running and Sliding Fits (RC) are intended to provide a similar running performance, with suitable lubrication allowance, throughout the range of sizes. The clearances for the first two classes, used chiefly as slide fits, increase more slowly with the diameter than for the other classes, so that accurate location is maintained even at the expense of free relative motion. RC 1 Close sliding fits intended for the accurate location

    of parts that must assemble without perceptible play. RC 2 Sliding fits intended for accurate location, but with

    greater maximum clearance than class RC 1. Parts made to this fit move and turn easily but are not intended to run freely, and in the larger sizes may seize with small temperature changes.

    the expense of free relative motion.

  • Graphical Presentation (RC)

    Disposition of hole & shaft tolerances in thousandths of an inch. Basic size 0.

  • Description of Fits (RC 3-4)Running and Sliding Fits (RC) are intended to provide a similar running performance, with suitable lubrication allowance, throughout the range of sizes. The clearances for the first two classes, used chiefly as slide fits, increase more slowly with the diameter than for the other classes, so that accurate location is maintained even at the expense of free relative motion.

    RC 3 Precision running fits are about the closest fits that can be expected to run freely, and are intended for precision work at slow speeds and light journal pressures, but are not suitable where appreciable temperature differences are likely to be encountered.

    RC 4 Close running fits are intended chiefly for running fits on accurate machinery with moderate surface speeds and journal pressures, where accurate location and minimum play are desired.

    the expense of free relative motion.

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  • Graphical Presentation (RC)

    Disposition of hole & shaft tolerances in thousandths of an inch. Basic size 0.

  • Running & Sliding Fits (RC 5-9)

    Values represent limits for hole & shaft and min. & max. clearances.

  • Description of Fits (RC 5-9)Running and Sliding Fits (RC) are intended to provide a similar running performance, with suitable lubrication allowance, throughout the range of sizes. The clearances for the first two classes, used chiefly as slide fits, increase more slowly with the diameter than for the other classes, so that accurate location is maintained even at the expense of free relative motion.

    RC 5 and RC 6 Medium running fits are intended for higher running speeds, or heavy journal pressures, or both.

    RC 7 Free running fits are intended for use where accuracy is not essential, or where large temperature variations are likely to be encountered, or under both these conditions.

    RC 8 and RC 9 Loose running fits are intended for use where wide commercial tolerances may be necessary, together with an allowance, on the external member.

    the expense of free relative motion.

  • Graphical Presentation (RC)

    Disposition of hole & shaft tolerances in thousandths of an inch. Basic size 0.

  • Description of Fits (LC 1-11) Locational Fits (LC, LT, and LN) are intended to determine only the location of the mating parts. They may provide rigid or accurate location, as with interference fits, or provide some freedom of location, as with clearance fits. Accordingly, they are divided into three groups: clearance fits (LC), transition fits (LT), and interference fits (LN).

    LC Locational clearance fits are intended for parts which are normally stationary, but that can be freely assembled or disassembled. They range from snug fits for parts requiring accuracy of location, through the medium clearance fits for parts such as spigots, to the looser fastener fits where freedom of assembly is of prime importance.

    interference fits (LN).

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  • Locational Clearance Fits (LC 1-5)

    Values represent limits for hole & shaft and min. & max. clearances.

  • Graphical Presentation (LC)

    Disposition of hole & shaft tolerances in thousandths of an inch. Basic size 0.

  • Locational Clearance Fits (LC 6-11)

    Values represent limits for hole & shaft and min. & max. clearances.

  • Graphical Presentation (LC)

    Disposition of hole & shaft tolerances in thousandths of an inch. Basic size 0.

  • Description of Fits (LT 1-6) Locational Fits (LC, LT, and LN) are intended to determine only the location of the mating parts. They may provide rigid or accurate location, as with interference fits, or provide some freedom of location, as with clearance fits. Accordingly, they are divided into three groups: clearance fits (LC), transition fits (LT), and

    LT Locational transition fits are a compromise between clearance and interference fits, for applications where accuracy of location is important, but either a small amount of clearance or interference is permissible.

    three groups: clearance fits (LC), transition fits (LT), and interference fits (LN).

  • Locational Transitional Fits (LT 1-6)

    Values represent limits for hole & shaft and min. & max. clearances.

  • Graphical Presentation (LT)

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    Disposition of hole & shaft tolerances in thousandths of an inch. Basic size 0.

  • Description of Fits (LN 1-3) Locational Fits (LC, LT, and LN) are intended to determine only the location of the mating parts. They may provide rigid or accurate location, as with interference fits, or provide some freedom of location, as with clearance fits. Accordingly, they are divided into three groups: clearance fits (LC), transition fits (LT), and

    LN Locational interference fits are used where accuracy of location is of prime importance, and for parts requiring rigidity and alignment with no special requirements for bore pressure. Such fits are not intended for parts designed to transmit frictional loads from one part to another by virtue of the tightness of fit. These conditions are covered by force fits.

    three groups: clearance fits (LC), transition fits (LT), and interference fits (LN).

  • Locational Interference Fits

    (LN 1-3)

    Values represent limits for hole & shaft and min. & max. clearances.

  • Graphical Presentation (LN)

    Disposition of hole & shaft tolerances in thousandths of an inch. Basic size 0.

  • Description of Fits (FN 1-2) Force Fits: (FN): Force or shrink fits constitute a special type of interference fit, normally characterized by maintenance of constant bore pressures throughout the range of sizes. The interference therefore varies almost directly with diameter, and the difference between its minimum and maximum value is small, to maintain the

    FN 1 Light drive fits are those requiring light assembly pressures, and produce more or less permanent assemblies. They are suitable for thin sections or long fits, or in cast-iron external members.

    FN 2 Medium drive fits are suitable for ordinary steel parts, or for shrink fits on light sections. They are about the tightest fits that can be used with high-grade cast-iron external members.

    resulting pressures within reasonable limits.

  • Description of Fits (FN 3-5) Force Fits: (FN): Force or shrink fits constitute a special type of interference fit, normally characterized by maintenance of constant bore pressures throughout the range of sizes. The interference therefore varies almost directly with diameter, and the difference between its minimum and maximum value is small, to maintain the

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    FN 3 Heavy drive fits are suitable for heavier steel parts or for shrink fits in medium sections.

    FN 4 and FN 5 Force fits are suitable for parts that can be highly stressed, or for shrink

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