ANSYS Meshing Local Mesh Controls - PDFCOFFEE.COM (2023)

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Module 04: Local Mesh Controls Introduction to ANSYS Meshing


© 2016 ANSYS, Inc.

April 4, 2016

Overview In this lecture we will learn about: • Local mesh controls (Mesh sizing, Refinement, Match control, Inflation, etc) • How to apply local controls? • Effect of local controls on mesh


© 2016 ANSYS, Inc.

April 4, 2016

Preprocessing Workflow


Geometry Import / Creation


© 2016 ANSYS, Inc.

April 4, 2016

Geometry Cleanup / Modifications

Preprocessing and Solution

Mesh Process & Course Plan Global Controls Module 3

Meshing Methods Module 2

Core Skills Module 1

Mesh Quality Module 5 4

© 2016 ANSYS, Inc.

April 4, 2016

Local Controls Module 4

Mesh Process & Course Plan Control the mesh locally • Depends on the “Mesh Method” used Local Mesh Controls are: • Method - For Body • Sizing - For Vertex, Edge, Face, and Body • Contact Sizing - For Edge, and face • Refinement- For Vertex, Edge, and Face • Face Meshing - For Mapped or Pave Meshing • Match Control - For Edge and Face • Pinch - For Vertex and Edge • Inflation - For Edge and Face • Contact Match - For matching mesh • Node Merge and Move - For nodes Only Sizing and Inflation local controls are available for CutCell meshing 5

© 2016 ANSYS, Inc.

April 4, 2016

Non-CutCell meshing local controls

The latest control added on a particular entity overrides any prior controls

Sizing Recommended for locally defining the mesh sizes You can only scope sizing to one geometry entity type at a time • For example: you can apply sizing to a number of edges or a number of faces, but not a mix of edges and faces

Four Types of Sizing option • Element Size specifies average element edge length on bodies, faces or edges • Number of Divisions specifies number of elements on edge(s) • Body of Influence specifies average element size within a body • Sphere of Influence specifies average Entity/Option Element Size Number of Divisions Body of Influence element size within the sphere

Sizing options vary depending on the entity type chosen

Vertices Edges Faces Bodies

x x x

x x

Only Element Size type is available for CutCell meshing 6

© 2016 ANSYS, Inc.

April 4, 2016

Sphere of Influence x x x x Advanced Size Function in Global settings should be disabled

Requires a Coordinate system for the sphere

Local Min Size It controls the sizing to be applied at a specified location It controls the: • Element size for a selected body, face, or edge • Number of divisions along an edge • Minimum mesh sizing used for a selected body, face, or edge. It overrides the default global sizing

Element Size = 0.5


© 2016 ANSYS, Inc.

April 4, 2016

Element Size = Default

Sizing: Edges (1) Sizing Type: Element Size

Sizing Type: Number of Divisions

Edge meshed with constant element size of 60mm

Edge meshed with 10 elements

The Curvature Normal Angle and/or the Growth Rate maybe not displayed depending on the ASF used 8

© 2016 ANSYS, Inc.

April 4, 2016

Sizing: Edges (2) Bias Type and Bias Factor Specify the grading scheme and factor

• Bias Type: grading of elements towards one end, both ends, or the center • Bias Option: – Bias Factor: is the ratio of the largest element to the smallest element – Smooth Transition: defined by Growth Rate which is ratio of size of an element with size of previous element. (Growth Rate = Bias Factor^(1(n-1)) – Reverse Bias: Reverse the unsymmetrical Bias on one or more edges


© 2016 ANSYS, Inc.

April 4, 2016

Sizing: Edges (3) Behavior Soft: Sizing will be influenced by global sizing functions such as those based on proximity and/or curvature as well as local mesh controls Hard: Size control is strictly adhered to • Transition between hard edges (or any edge with bias) and adjacent edge and face meshes may be abrupt • Hard edges or edges with bias will override Max Face Size and Max Size properties

Influenced by global Proximity advanced size function.


Number of Division = 4 10

© 2016 ANSYS, Inc.

April 4, 2016

No influence from other global settings


Number of Division = 4

Sizing: Faces & Body (volume)


Element Size on a face

Element Size on a body

Defines the maximum element size on the face

Defines the maximum cell size on the body

© 2016 ANSYS, Inc.

April 4, 2016

Sizing: Sphere of Influence On Vertex

On Bodies

– Available with or without Advanced Size Functions – Sets the average element size around the selected vertex – Inputs:

– Available with or without Advanced Size Functions – Constant element size is applied within the confines of a sphere – Use coordinate system to define the center of the Sphere

• Sphere radius and Element size • Center of the sphere is defined by a model vertex


© 2016 ANSYS, Inc.

April 4, 2016

Sizing: Bodies of Influence Bodies of influence (BOI) – Lines, surfaces and solid bodies can be used to refine the mesh – Accessible when ASF is On – Not available for CutCell meshing Line BOIs

Surface BOI

Without BOIs 13

© 2016 ANSYS, Inc.

April 4, 2016

Solid BOI

The ‘Body of Influence’ itself will not be meshed

Face Meshing Control • Forces Mapped/Pave meshes on selected mappable surfaces – Face Meshing with advanced control is supported for • • • •

Sweep, Patch Conforming, Hexa Dominant Quad Dominant and Triangles MultiZone Uniform Quad/Tri and Uniform Quad

– RMB on Mesh and Show/Mappable Faces to display all mappable faces


© 2016 ANSYS, Inc.

April 4, 2016

If Face Meshing fails, ( ) icon appears adjacent to corresponding object in the Tree outline. The mesh will still be created but will ignore this control.

Face Meshing: Internal No. of Divisions • If face is defined by two loops, then the “Internal Number of Divisions” field is activated – User can specify the number of divisions across the annular region – Also useful for defining number of divisions along sweeping direction for Multizone when there are no side edges

Mapped face is swept to create pure hex mesh


© 2016 ANSYS, Inc.

April 4, 2016

Face Mesh Control: Advanced Vertex Options • Sweep/MultiZone (2D and 3D) support for Advanced Vertex options on Face meshing S



Denoted by S, C or E 16

© 2016 ANSYS, Inc.

April 4, 2016



Match Control • Define periodicity on faces (3D) or edges (2D) • • • •

The two faces or edges should be topologically and geometrically the same A match control can only be assigned to one unique face/edge pair Match controls are not supported with Post Inflation Algorithm Match Control with Patch Independent tetrahedrons not supported yet

– Two types of match controls available: • Cyclic and • Arbitrary

– Not available for CutCell meshing Matching face mesh

If ‘Match Control’ fails, ( ) icon appears adjacent to corresponding object in the outline Tree, however the mesh is created ignoring it 17

© 2016 ANSYS, Inc.

April 4, 2016

Match Control: Cyclic • Define Rotational periodic Full Model

Periodic Model

Model is symmetrical at 90° Selected Faces for Match control

If ‘Match Control’ fails, Symmetry Tool can be used to define periodicity instead 18

© 2016 ANSYS, Inc.

April 4, 2016

Matching face mesh

Symmetry Control • Define mesh periodicity on faces (3D) or edges (2D) • Faces/edges pairs should be topologically and geometrically identical • Can be assigned to several face/edge pairs at once • Not supported with – Assembly Meshing – Post Inflation Algorithm – Patch Independent tetrahedrons

– Two types of Symmetry Controls useful for CFD: • ‘Cyclic’ for rotational periodicity • ‘Linear Periodic’ for translational periodicity


© 2016 ANSYS, Inc.

April 4, 2016

Matching face mesh

Symmetry: Cyclic Region • Define rotational periodicity

Full Model

Periodic Model

Matching face mesh

Model is symmetrical at 90° : need matching mesh on periodic faces


© 2016 ANSYS, Inc.

April 4, 2016

The Cyclic Region tool need to be defined with a Cylindrical Coordinate System, based on rotation axis

Symmetry: Linear Periodic Matching face mesh

• Define translational periodicity Full Model

Periodic Model

Reduced model is one “period” of the full geometry : needs matching mesh on right/left faces 21

© 2016 ANSYS, Inc.

April 4, 2016

You need to input the numerical value of the shift : you can get this information by selecting a pair of matching nodes, and checking their distance in the info bar

Pinch • To improve quality Pinch control removes small features (edges or narrow regions) at the mesh level • The Pinch feature is supported for the following mesh methods: – – – – –

Patch Conforming Tetrahedrons Thin Solid Sweeps Hex Dominant meshing Quad Dominant Surface Meshing Triangles Surface meshing

– Not supported for CutCell meshing


© 2016 ANSYS, Inc.

April 4, 2016

Inflation Used to generate prism layers (as explained in Global settings chapter) • Inflation layer can be applied to faces or bodies using respectively edges or faces as the boundary Inflation layer grown on edge boundary (red)

Inflation layer grown on face boundary (red)


© 2016 ANSYS, Inc.

April 4, 2016

Contact Match Mesh • Connect mesh at mesh level • At R17 only works with tet mesh • Could avoid problems with shared topology

Notes: • • • •


© 2016 ANSYS, Inc.

April 4, 2016

Mesh generated as separate parts Use Contact Match controls to match mesh Create Named Selection to inspect matched mesh Node merge can be added as second step to make mesh conformal

Node Merge & Node Move • Node Merge: enables to merge mesh nodes within a specified tolerance, making the mesh conformal across bodies, parts, and assemblies. Node Merge can be performed on solid, sheet, and line bodies • Node Move: Dynamically pick and drag nodes around (quality plots updated real time) • History of moves is recorded in Worksheet and allows for “Undo” Note: If you update your mesh (Mesh object>Update), the application maintains your movements in the Worksheet until the mesh is cleared (zero nodes) using the RMB option Clear Generated Data or you refresh data from the CAD source; In these cases all the Node Move movements are lost 25

© 2016 ANSYS, Inc.

April 4, 2016

Summary What have we learnt in this session: • How local mesh controls allow more control over meshes • Different types of Sizing Controls • Mapped Meshing Controls • Periodic Meshes Matching • Local Prism Controls • How to use Contact Match Mesh • How to use Node Merge & Node Move and what are the limitations of the Node Move


© 2016 ANSYS, Inc.

April 4, 2016

Workshop 4.1 CFD – Local Mesh Controls


© 2016 ANSYS, Inc.

April 4, 2016

Workshop 4.1 FEA – Local Mesh Controls


© 2016 ANSYS, Inc.

April 4, 2016


What is local mesh control? ›

Local mesh controls define mesh settings for specific areas of a model, and take precedence over model mesh controls. Local mesh controls are not mandatory, but are useful when local mesh settings need to be defined for a meshing job.

What is mesh control in ANSYS? ›

Meshing controls enable a more precise mesh. Ansys Mechanical enables you to control local meshes, instead of a global mesh that meshes the entire CAD with the same method. Some examples of local meshing controls include local sizing, refinement and sphere of influence defeaturing of the geometry.

How do you control mesh size in ANSYS? ›

Add Face Sizing at Leading Edge. Mesh → Mesh Control → Sizing. Select leading edge face.

How do you view mesh details in ANSYS? ›

To view the mesh for a particular portion of the simulation (in this case, the wall):
To view the mesh for the entire simulation:
  1. Right-click on the wireframe in the 3D Viewer and select Show surface mesh to display the mesh.
  2. Click the "Z'' axis of triad in the viewer to get a side view of the object.

How do I add mesh controls? ›

To apply mesh control to multiple components:
  1. In the Simulation study tree, right-click the Mesh icon and select Apply Mesh Control. ...
  2. Click the FeatureManager design tree tab .
  3. In the FeatureManager flyout, select the components to which you want to apply mesh control. ...
  4. Under Selected Entities, select Use per part size.

What are the different types of meshing? ›

The three types of meshing models are as follows: Tetrahedral - tetrahedral cell shape based core mesh. Polyhedral - polyhedral cell shape based core mesh. Trimmed - trimmed hexahedral cell shape based core mesh.

How should I decide which mesh to use in ANSYS? ›

ANSYS FLUENT can use meshes comprised of triangular or quadrilateral cells (or a combination of the two) in 2D, and tetrahedral, hexahedral, polyhedral, pyramid, or wedge cells (or a combination of these) in 3D. The choice of which mesh type to use will depend on your application.

What is a good mesh in ANSYS? ›

A general rule is that the maximum skewness for a triangular/tetrahedral mesh in most flows should be kept below 0.95, with an average value that is less than 0.33.

How do I set mesh size? ›

All you do is count the number of openings in one linear inch of screen. This count is the mesh number. A 4-mesh screen means there are four little square openings across one inch of screen. A 100-mesh screen has 100 openings per inch, and so on.

How do I choose mesh size? ›

Choosing a suitable mesh size
  1. Perform chosen analysis for several different mesh sizes.
  2. Notice where high deformations or high stresses occur, perhaps it is worth to refine mesh in those regions.
  3. Collect data from analysis of each mesh: outcome, number of nodes in the model, computing time.

What is ideal mesh size? ›

The basic mesh size of analysis models is 20 cm for the edges of the 4 nodes square shell elements. Smaller mesh size is used where large deformation is anticipated because of local buckling, i.e. at the welded joint of two sections with different thicknesses and at the base of the pier.

How do I know if my mesh is good enough? ›

The most basic and accurate way to evaluate mesh quality is to refine the mesh until a critical result such as the maximum stress in a specific location converges: meaning that it doesn't change significantly as the mesh is a refinement.

What is a good mesh quality? ›

A good quality mesh has a Jacobian ratio between 1 and 10 for the majority of its elements (90% and above). Create a Mesh Quality Plot to plot the Jacobian ratio of all elements. For most models, elements at regions of high curvatures have higher Aspect and Jacobian ratios.

How do I change mesh settings? ›

To change mesh settings:
  1. Click Change settings.
  2. Click Change mesh density. ...
  3. Click OK to close the dialog.
  4. In the Mesh PropertyManager, adjust the mesh by dragging the slider. ...
  5. Click to remesh the model.
  6. Click Next.
  7. Click Run Simulation.
  8. Click Stop animation or Play animation .

Can 2 mesh systems work together? ›

You can. and many people do. A common example is a guest network. Another common example is a private network, for example for your home office.

Why do we need meshing? ›

Why is meshing important? Meshing is one of the key components to obtaining accurate results from an FEA model. The elements in the mesh must take many aspects into account to be able to discretize stress gradients accurately.

How do you improve meshing quality? ›

5 Tips on How To Create a Better Mesh
  1. A Simplified and Clean Watertight Geometry. ...
  2. Deciding and Maintaining a Good General Grid Size. ...
  3. Increasing Mesh Fineness at Critical Areas. ...
  4. Boundary-Layer Refinement and Y+ ...
  5. Mesh Convergence Study.
15 Apr 2021

What is process of meshing? ›

Meshing, also known as mesh generation, is the process of generating a two-dimensional and three-dimensional grid; it is dividing complex geometries into elements that can be used to discretize a domain.

Which type of mesh is better? ›

If the accuracy is of the highest concern then hexahedral mesh is the most preferable one.

How many nodes do I need for mesh? ›

How Many Nodes are Needed for Whole-Home Coverage? Most mesh kits include 2-3 nodes, one will be connected to the modem and the others will be placed around your home. Essentially, you can have numerous nodes; some mesh systems support up to 32 nodes.

Can mesh be too fine FEA? ›

If your mesh is too coarse, the answers that you generate may not be as accurate as you need them to be. Conversely, if your mesh is too fine, the simulation will take much longer to run without providing any substantial improvement in accuracy.

What makes a good CFD mesh? ›

Especially for CFD fluid flow simulation, the mesh geometry should be solid and watertight enough for the CFD solver to identify the appropriate flow domain for internal and external flow simulation. It is generally true that higher mesh density produces a more accurate solution.

What is a good mesh skewness? ›

For 2D, a maximum skewness less than 0.5 and an average of 0.1 are good. For 3D, a maximum less than 0.9 and an average of 0.4 are good. The lower the maximum skewness, the better the mesh. See Section 15.5: Mesh Quality for information on face and cell quality measures in TGrid.

Which meshing type gives more accurate solution? ›

Quadratic order meshing might be more accurate than linear order meshing. Checking Orthogonal quality of elements (higher the better) and skewness of elements is necessary before proceeding for solution iterations.

Why do meshing fail? ›

Meshing problems are often caused by small edges or faces in the geometry and that's why you have to find an efficient way to spot those geometrical problems.

What is mesh size in Ansys? ›

You can print out the numbers of nodes, faces, cells, and partitions in the mesh by selecting the Mesh/Info/Size menu item. Mesh Info Size. A partition is a piece of a mesh that has been segregated for parallel processing (see Chapter 32).

Which is finer 40 mesh or 100 mesh? ›

Larger particles were trapped above in the 40 mesh screen and smaller particles passed through the 100 mesh screen. As a result the larger particles were eliminated from the distribution by the 40 mesh screen and smaller particles were eliminated by the 100 mesh screen.

How can I improve my mesh performance? ›

One helpful way to increase bandwidth in Wi-Fi Mesh Networks is to go into your router's settings and test different channels one at a time, to see if it helps. Wi-Fi radio waves can also get interference from other devices in your homes such as microwaves, so make sure that your devices are placed appropriately.

Is 60 mesh or 40 mesh finer? ›

Mesh Size Comparison Chart
Mesh NumberInchesMillimetres
26 more rows

What does 200 mesh size mean? ›

Here's a simple example of how they work. -200 mesh aluminum would mean that all particles would pass through a 200 mesh screen. A +200 mesh aluminum means that all the particles are retained on a 200 mesh screen.

What does 100 mesh size mean? ›

The number of openings is the mesh size. So a 4-mesh screen means there are four little squares across one linear inch of screen. A 100-mesh screen has 100 openings, and so on. As the number describing the mesh size increases, the size of the particles decreases. Higher numbers equal finer material.

What size is 150 mesh? ›

What is Mesh Size? U.S. Mesh Size (or U.S. Sieve Size) is defined as the number of openings in one square inch of a screen. For example, a 36 mesh screen will have 36 openings while a 150 mesh screen will have 150 openings.

How does mesh size affect accuracy? ›

In Finite Element Analysis the accuracy of the result obtained is determined by size of the mesh. According to the theory of Finite Element Analysis, finite modal with small element size yields high accuracy as compared to the modal with large element size.

What size hole is 100 mesh? ›

All you do is count the number of openings in one linear inch of screen. This count is the mesh number. A 4-mesh screen means there are four little square openings across one inch of screen. A 100-mesh screen has 100 openings per inch, and so on.

Which is bigger 18 mesh or 13 mesh? ›

You most often see 13 mesh and 18 mesh in the US market, but there are so many mesh sizes. The mesh size correlates to the number of stitches in a square inch - so 13 mesh, has 13 stitches in one inch. Because of that, the larger the mesh size, the smaller the stitches.

What are the symptoms of mesh failure? ›

Seven common signs and symptoms of hernia mesh failure include bulging, burning, constipation, impotent and sexual dysfunction, nausea, lethargy, and pain. Depending on your injury, you may need to seek removal of the hernia mesh implant or revision surgery.

What does it feel like when your mesh fails? ›

Mild pain or tenderness may be the only symptoms of hernia mesh failure. In other cases, patients may experience a burning sensation around the surgical site or a bulging area that protrudes through the skin. Bulging may be caused by the mesh dislodging or migrating, which can cause inflammation and pain.

Is mesh as good as wired? ›

If you work from home and want to avoid any lags in your internet connection, a mesh network would be a good choice. If having a stable connection is a concern for you, using a wired network is your best option. A hardwired connection is typically faster than any wireless connection and more reliable.

How do you check mesh connectivity? ›

Test mesh connection
  1. Open the Google Home app .
  2. Tap Wi-Fi. Wifi devices. Points. Test mesh.

How do you determine mesh fluent? ›

Check the quality of your mesh immediately after reading in your mesh, or after any mesh modification. The quality of the mesh plays a significant role in the accuracy and stability of the numerical computation. You can learn more about the quality of your mesh by going to Section 6.2. 2.

What is growth rate in meshing? ›

This option is used to control the rate at which the mesh transitions between regions of different surface and volume size. By default, the mesher will increase in size at a rate of approximately 2:1 between regions of adjacent size within the mesh.

How do you improve mesh quality in Ansys? ›

3. Improve Mesh Quality
  1. Reduce the 'Number of layers': Use at least 1 layer. ...
  2. Increase the 'Overall relative thickness': Keep the range between 10-60%. ...
  3. Reduce the 'Growth rate': Keep the range between 1.1-1.5.
20 May 2020

Is a finer mesh better? ›

What mesh size is “small enough” Usually smaller mesh means more accurate results, but the computing time gets significant as well. You should search for a balance between computing time and accuracy.

Does mesh improve speed? ›

If you are looking to increase your WiFi speeds overall, a mesh system, or WiFi booster like a range extender, will not improve your Internet speed. They increase coverage.

What is the role of a mesh? ›

Mesh elements allow governing equations to be solved on predictably shaped and mathematically defined volumes. Typically, the equations solved on these meshes are partial differential equations.

What is local mesh element size? ›

The smallest element size which can be used to generate a mesh is 0.1mm . In order to avoid geometrical problems in the mesher, the smallest size of an element is set to 100 times the geometrical model tolerance. This tolerance is actually set to 0.001mm and cannot be modified whatever the dimension of the part.

What is local mesh refinement? ›

Mesh refinement is an important tool for editing finite element meshes in order to increase the accuracy of the solution. Refinement is performed in an iterative procedure in which a solution is found, error estimates are calculated, and elements in regions of high error are refined.

What is the use of mesh in unity? ›

A class that allows you to create or modify meshes. Meshes contain vertices and multiple triangle arrays. The triangle arrays are indices into the vertex arrays; three indices for each triangle. For every vertex there can be a normal, eight texture coordinates, color, tangent, and bone weight.

What is a good mesh in Ansys? ›

A general rule is that the maximum skewness for a triangular/tetrahedral mesh in most flows should be kept below 0.95, with an average value that is less than 0.33.

Why do we need meshing in Ansys? ›

Ansys meshing capabilities help reduce the amount of time and effort spent to get to accurate results. Since meshing typically consumes a significant portion of the time it takes to get simulation results, Ansys helps by making better and more automated meshing tools.

What are the parts of a mesh? ›

A mesh is a collection of vertices, edges, and faces that describe the shape of a 3D object:
  • A vertex is a single point. (The plural of vertex is "vertices")
  • An edge is a straight line segment connecting two vertices.
  • A face is a flat surface enclosed by edges. (Some other applications call these "polygons")

Which are the two types of mesh refinement techniques? ›

Time-Domain and Frequency-Domain Meshing.

How are meshes stored? ›

A mesh consists of triangles arranged in 3D space to create the impression of a solid object. A triangle is defined by its three corner points or vertices. In the Mesh class, the vertices are all stored in a single array and each triangle is specified using three integers that correspond to indices of the vertex array.

What is mesh coding? ›

The Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) thesaurus is a controlled and hierarchically-organized vocabulary produced by the National Library of Medicine. It is used for indexing, cataloging, and searching of biomedical and health-related information.

What are two types of components you can use to create meshes? ›

To draw the mesh we need a game object that also has a MeshFilter and a MeshRenderer component. We can enforce that these components are added to the same game object that we add our own component to, by giving it the RequireComponent attribute with both component types as arguments.

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