Bricks for House Construction: Types, Costing and More (2023)

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Last Updated on by Zunaira

Bricks are among the most important construction materials. In Pakistan, people mostly use bricks to construct 5 Marla homes as they are durable, full of strength, and affordable. However, the clay bricks are excellently manufactured by baking and mining clay and burnt several days in brick kilns. Clay bricks require less maintenance, increase home value, and provide better protection. The bricks’ outlook varies according to their type, manufacturing, and material. While making a frame structure of a home or a building, the bricks are considered ideal.

The bricks industry is vast. Mostly, the bricks look shape in terms of shape, and quality but this is not true. There are many types of bricks in Pakistan that vary from one another. The major difference lies in their manufacturing, clay type, burning time, and many other factors. While building a home, you must be careful to choose appropriate bricks to avoid any issues in the future. So let’s discuss everything about bricks in detail.

Why Bricks are Suitable to Make House Frame-Structure?

As discussed earlier, bricks are the most reliable and preferable construction material, especially for residential homes. But why? Here are the top reasons to use bricks for construction!

  • Bricks are strong and durable thus last hindered of years without maintenance
  • Absorb the humidity and moisture very well
  • Bricks are fireproof and capable to withstand excessive heat or temperature
  • Bricks come with many noise reduction features
  • Using bricks is affordable as they are manufactured locally
  • The house structure made of bricks is warm in winter and cool in summer as they maintain temperature very well

Types of Bricks in Pakistan

Bricks come with different properties that allow making classifications. People who are going to initiate any construction must be aware of all bricks types in Pakistan. This is important to make an informed choice when buying bricks. Here are the most notable bricks types for construction!

Burnt Clay Bricks

Bricks for House Construction: Types, Costing and More (1)

Burnt clay bricks are popularly used in many areas of Pakistan for the construction of house structures. As the name suggests, these bricks are made from molded wet clay and burnt for many days in a kiln. They are also called fired clay bricks and red bricks. Hence, the firing process significantly impacts increase their strength and affect their appearance.

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Burnt Clay Bricks Properties

  • Extremely strong, hard, and durable
  • Reddish in color
  • A rectangular shape with well-defined and sharp edges
  • Dimensions: 9-inch length, 4-inch width, 3-inch height
  • No cracks or flaws

A Class Bricks (Awwal Bricks): First-class bricks are highly durable and flawless. They are exceptional in terms of quality and appearance. There will be no cracks however these bricks are burnt excellently. You must use First class or A-class bricks for constructing walls, columns and foundations.

B Class Bricks: They come next to first-class bricks with slight irregularities in color, strength, and shape. They are usually used to make internal walls or medium-quality projects.

C Class Bricks: These bricks are not burnt appropriately and possess many defects in their structure and shape. However, third-class bricks are not in uniform color and shape. Usually, use in temporary construction.

Burnt Clay Bricks Prices in Pakistan

Brick TypesColorShapeWater AbsorptionStrength
First Class BricksReddish color – uniformRegular Shape, Sharp edgesLess than 20%105 kg/cm2
Second Class BricksUniform color but over burntNot much polishedMore than 22%70 kg/cm2
Third Class BricksLight color – non-uniformDefects and pores25%30 kg/cm2

How to Differentiate First Class Bricks, Second Class Bricks, and Third Class Bricks?

Brick TypesPrice Per Brick
A-Class Bricks Price11 PKR
B-Class Bricks Price9 PKR
C-Class Bricks Price8.5 PKR

Fly Ash Bricks

Bricks for House Construction: Types, Costing and More (2)

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Another most common bricks in Pakistan are Fly Ash Brick. They are cost-effective and durable with a highly smooth surface. Surely, these bricks are affordable construction material. Fly Ash bricks are made by mixing river sand, water, cement, small stones, and fly ash. They are not as reliable as the clay bricks but still provide many benefits. You can use these bricks in exterior walls, pillars, and medium-size home structures. Fly Ash Clay bricks are made and supplied all over Pakistan.

Fly Ash Bricks Properties

  • Cement grey color
  • Smooth surface with sharp edges
  • No need for plaster on them

Fly Ash Bricks Price in Pakistan

The price of 1 fly ash brick is 10 PKR. The rates vary according to your area or city.

Bricks for House Construction: Types, Costing and More (3)

Concrete bricks are solid and affordable construction materials that are made of water, cement, and aggregate. They have the most polished and finest look. They are less strong and durable than red clay bricks. However, they are stronger than Fly Ash bricks. Concrete bricks are not recommended to create the main structure of a house. You can use them for the construction of second-floor walls, fences, or façades.

Concrete Bricks Properties

  • Manufactured in multiple colors
  • Come with high strength
  • Water & Fire resistant
  • Polished appearance with sharp edges

Sand Lime Bricks

Sand lime bricks are made of fly ash, lime, sand, and water. All the things are mixed and then kept under pressure to create bricks. A chemical reaction binds all the materials very well together thus increase their strength. Like clay bricks, lime sand bricks are not burnt. They are grey-white however various colors can be added through pigments. The load-bearing capacity along with immense strength make these bricks a good choice. You can use it to construct pillars and walls. Sand lime bricks prices in Pakistan vary according to area or city.

Sand Lime Bricks Properties

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  • Grey-white color
  • Smooth and polished finish
  • Load-bearing capabilities
  • Sharp and finest edges

Engineering Bricks

Engineering bricks are one of the best bricks types used for construction. They are specially made under high pressure and temperature. Engineering bricks are widely used for civil engineering projects or to make the foundation of buildings. Hence, they are also suitable for damp-proof courses.

Engineering Bricks Properties

  • Reddish color
  • Highly strong and durable
  • Load-bearing
  • Damp Proof

Which Brick Type is best for Construction?

Though all the bricks have their own characteristics and features, Red Clay Bricks are the most reliable. Choose A-Grade bricks to make a more durable and sustainable house structure. Even in modern construction, bricks are considered reliable and versatile. A Class Brick Price in Pakistan starts from 11 PKR. However, 1,000 bricks price in Pakistan will be 11,000 PKR.

Quality Check of Bricks – Top Things to Consider

As bricks make the basic structure of a home, you cannot compromise on their quality. Using low-quality or cheap construction material results in damaged walls or roofs in the future. To avoid this, you must know how to choose quality bricks. Here is a complete guide!

Brick Color

The bricks must not be over burnt. Choose bricks that have reddish or copper colors.

Bricks Dimension

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The bricks must be 9 inches in length, 4 inches in width, and 3 inches in height

Brick Appearance

There should be no white patch, crack, or flaws on the bricks. The edges must be sharp and polished.

Brick Hardness

  1. Scratch on brick with your nail. If there is no mark or impression, the brick is of good quality.
  2. Take two bricks and struck them with one another. A good-quality brick makes a clear sound like a ring.

The Number of Bricks Used in House Construction

Bricks used in 5 Marla House (Double-Story) = Around 53,000

Bricks Used in 8 Marla house (Double-Story) = Around 70,000

Bricks Used in 10 Marla House (Double-Story) = Around 90,000

Bricks Used in 1 Kanal House (Double-Story) = Around 135,000

Alternative of Bricks for Construction – Blocks

For construction, bricks are the most ancient and reliable material. However, some other materials are also used nowadays to make walls or structures. In many areas of Pakistan especially Karachi, Blocks are used for masonry work. The blocks are highly durable thus made of concrete. They are either solid or hollow. However, the most commonly used blocks for construction are as follows!

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  • Cement Blocks
  • Hollow Concrete Blocks
  • AAC Blocks
  • CLC Blocks

Bricks Vs Blocks – Which is better for Construction

BricksBlocks
Made of ClayMade of cement or Fly Ash
Expensive than blocksCheaper
LightweightHeavy
Takes more construction timeQuick Construction
Cement is more usedLess use of cement
More DurableLess Durable
Absorb more heatLess temprature resistent
WaterproofWaterproof
Requires less maintenanceMaintenance is needed

FAQs

Which type of brick is best for house construction? ›

Fly ash bricks:

The high amount of calcium oxide makes class C fly ash make it the best among the types of bricks used in construction for pillars, foundation, and walls.

What are 3 types of bricks? ›

There are three main types of bricks - facing bricks, engineering bricks and common bricks.

Which type of brick is cheapest? ›

Here is a list of the cost of bricks types based on the average price range:
  • Burnt clay bricks: Rs 5 to 8 per piece.
  • Fly ash bricks: Rs 4 to 6 per piece.
  • Concrete bricks: Rs 5 to 6 per piece.
  • Engineering bricks: Rs 10 or above per piece.
  • Calcium silicate bricks: Rs 100 on average per piece.
  • Eco bricks: Rs 4 to 5 per piece.

What is the cost of house bricks? ›

Bricklaying cost checklist

The average cost per 1,000 bricks is £800.

Which bricks are strongest? ›

Class A engineering bricks are the strongest, but Class B are the more commonly used.

Which brick brand is best? ›

Which brand is considered the best brick brand in India? Ans. The best brand is Bharat Bricks in India. It manufactures world-class bricks and has a diverse range of machine-made tiles and bricks.

Which brick is good for foundation? ›

Sand and Clay: Clay Stock Bricks

They are fire resistant as well as possessing insulation properties along with thermal and acoustic insulation. These features are what make sand and clay bricks from a trusted construction supplier the best option when it comes to building your home's foundation.

What is 2nd class brick? ›

Second Class Brick: The size is standard, color is uniform yellow or red. It is well burnt, slightly over burnt is acceptable. It has a regular shape; efflorescence is not appreciable. The absorption capacity is more than 10% but less than 15%.

What are good quality bricks called? ›

First-class bricks: These are the best quality of bricks because they are made through table-molding before they are put in a kiln. They are also strong and, therefore, more durable than all the other types. Second-class bricks: These are ground-molded and as such, don't have the perfect shape or texture.

What is the cost of 500 new bricks? ›

Cost of 500 new bricks is ₹1600.

What are the 4 types of blocks? ›

Types of Hollow Concrete Blocks:

Pillar block. Jamb block. Partition block. Lintel block.

What is the cost of 1000 Old bricks? ›

The cost of 500 new bricks is ₹1000 while the cost of 1000 old bricks is ₹1600.

How much does it cost to brick 1500 sq ft? ›

$18,000. The average homeowner will pay this amount of money for brick siding, which applies to a home of around 1,500 to 2,000 square feet.

How much does it cost to brick a 1500 square foot house? ›

To install brick siding on an average sized 1,500 square foot home, you can expect to pay an average of $7,500 to $22,500. This cost could be higher or lower depending on the particular type of brick. Replacement costs vary by the size and design of your house, local labor rates, and whether you are doing a full vs.

How many bricks do I need for a 3 bedroom house? ›

Number of bricks for a 3 bedroom/ 3BHK house:- “how many bricks do I need for a 3 bedroom house?”, generally you will need 7200 to 8800 no of modular bricks for a three bedroom or 3BHK flat/ house to cover 900 to 1100 sq ft of built up area, thus approximately 7200 to 8800 nos of modular bricks would take to build a 3 ...

Which brick is better cement or red? ›

Generally, cement bricks have higher compressive strength compared to red bricks. This is primarily due to the way concrete bricks are manufactured and the materials that are being used. That's why cement bricks are mostly used in high-rise buildings as these structures will require higher concrete strength.

What is brick size? ›

Standard bricks

The standard co-ordinating size for brickwork is 225 mm x 112.5 mm x 75 mm (length x depth x height). This includes 10 mm mortar joints, and so the standard size for a brick itself is 215 mm x 102.5 mm x 65 mm (length x depth x height).

What colour brick is best? ›

According to a recent survey, the group reported that the top residential color choices include whites, grays, tans, and buffs (a light yellow-brown color) – in line with younger homebuyers' preferences for lighter exteriors made from natural materials and modern design over boxy architecture.

How do I choose a brick? ›

How to choose a brick
  1. RESEARCH THE STYLE OF THE HOUSE. The material that your house is built from also forms the foundation (literally) of its aesthetic appeal. ...
  2. CONSIDER YOUR LOCATION. ...
  3. COLOUR AND TEXTURE. ...
  4. SIZE. ...
  5. HOW DOES IT STACK? ...
  6. Mortar Colours. ...
  7. MORTAR JOINT FINISH.

Which brick is better cement or clay? ›

Clay bricks are 2 ½ to 3 times stronger than the concrete bricks. It is important to note that the strength of a brick wall depends on the quality of the mortar holding the blocks together. Here are four reasons why you should consider concrete blocks over bricks.

What is stronger cement or bricks? ›

The average concrete block can withstand 3500 psi (pounds per square inch) while a conventional clay brick can take 3000 psi. Mortars high in cement content can endure up to 2500 psi, while high-lime mortars are weaker, only being able to handle 350 psi.

What is the cost of 1st class brick? ›

1st class bricks are the best quality of bricks all over India. they mainly range from Rs. 4000-4500 ( per 1000 bricks including shipping).

What is a grade brick? ›

Bricks with compressive strength not less than 105kg/cm2 – First class bricks – Grade A. Bricks with compressive strength not less than 70kg/cm2 – Second class bricks – Grade B. Bricks with compressive strength not less than the average value 35kg/cm2 – class III bricks – Grade C.

Which is cheaper brick or cement? ›

Higher Cost: Brick can be up to 15% to 20% more expensive than concrete. Bricks are more expensive. Limited Choices: Because they're colored with natural clays, bricks have more limited color choices. They're generally rectangular in shape and only come in a few sizes.

How much is 1000 red bricks? ›

The average cost of 1,000 bricks is $350 to $900, with prices from $250 to $3,000 per thousand depending on the type, size, and purchasing quantity. Most manufacturers sell bricks by the thousand.

Which brick is best in India? ›

Burnt Clay Bricks

These are superior quality bricks and are used in the construction of many vital structural members like walls, columns, foundation, etc.

Which is best block for construction? ›

Lighter weight: As compared to red bricks, concrete blocks are lighter, allowing for greater workability, stability, and durability. Their dry density ratio lowers the dead load on buildings, making them more functional and ideal for modern structures.

What is 4th class brick? ›

Fourth class bricks have poor quality and not used for construction. These bricks are crushed and used as aggregates for making of concrete. The bricks which are over-burnt and due to this these bricks are brittle. These bricks are easily breakable and not suitable for construction.

How many tons is 1000 bricks? ›

Ignoring the smaller , lighter clinker bricks, we find 1000 bricks weighing between 2.5 and 4.5 tonnes.

How many square feet is 1000 bricks? ›

The coverage area of 1 brick is 0.222 sq ft or 32 square inches. Eg. if you have to know the coverage area for 1000 bricks in square footage. Then the coverage area of 1000 bricks in square footage = 0.222 × 1000= 222 sq ft.

How much is the most expensive brick? ›

At DKK 40 per brick, the Kolumba brick is the most expensive in the world. For comparison, a standard brick costs between three and five Danish kroner.

How do you calculate brick cost? ›

Hance total number of bricks required for 1m3 brickwork = 500 nos, if market rate of brick = INR 7000/1000 bricks, then total cost of bricks = (7000/1000) ×500 = INR 3500.

How much does it cost to brick a 3000 sq ft house? ›

However, prices typically range from $6-$15 per square foot², but some brick siding can cost as much as $20.48 per square foot or $2,048 per square³. Building a home with solid bricks costs $14-$30 per square foot⁴.
...
Brick siding cost:
Total square footageCost range
2,000$12,000 - $30,000
2,500$15,000 - $37,500
3,000$18,000 - $45,000
3 more rows
16 Mar 2021

How much does it cost to brick 1000 square foot home? ›

Written by HomeAdvisor. The average cost to brick a house is between $8,900 and $25,000, or about $18,000. However, installing brick siding can fall between $9 to $28 per square foot, with an average of $15 per square foot, depending on the material and labor.

Is brick cheaper than wood 2022? ›

Does it cost more to build a house with brick or wood? Wood is generally more affordable than brick and costs $2 to $5 per square foot, whereas brick siding costs an average of $15 per square foot.

Is brick cheaper than wood? ›

Brick houses generally cost more than wooden ones, but they also have a higher resale value.

Is a brick house expensive? ›

Brick homes are more expensive than stick-built homes. On average, brick exteriors also cost around 6%–7% more than vinyl siding. While that might not seem like a big difference, the costs can add up fast depending on the total size of the home.

How many bricks are in a 10x10 room? ›

384 no of bricks required for construction of 10 × 10 (100 sq ft) of 4.5 inch brick wall.

How many bricks are in a 12x12 room? ›

You will need to multiply the length of the wall by the height to get the area. Multiply that area by 60 to get the number of bricks you should need, then add 10% for wastage. For a 144 sq ft room (12×12 feet), you will need 1713 bricks to make a brick wall.

How many bricks do I need for a 1200 sq ft house? ›

Hence, on average, 9600 bricks quantity are needed for 1200 square feet ground floor residential house.

Which bricks are best for walls? ›

Clay bricks are a type of brick that offers a cost-effective and sustainable option with little to no maintenance required. You can also choose cement and lime as materials should you wish. If you're looking for a smooth finish then an extruded or wire-cut clay brick could be a good choice.

Which brick is best for foundation? ›

Sand and Clay: Clay Stock Bricks

They are fire resistant as well as possessing insulation properties along with thermal and acoustic insulation. These features are what make sand and clay bricks from a trusted construction supplier the best option when it comes to building your home's foundation.

What bricks are used for houses? ›

Facing Bricks – these are the most common types of building bricks. They are used predominantly in external walls, meaning their aesthetic qualities are almost as important as their resistance to water, fire and damage. Facing bricks can be classified as either soft mud (stock) or extruded (wire-cut) bricks.

Which footing is best for home? ›

1. Concrete Slab Foundation. A concrete slab is one of the most common types of house foundations, requiring the least amount of lot prep to begin building. Installation is simple compared to other house foundation types, making slab foundations popular among homeowners for their relatively low price tag.

Which clay is best for bricks? ›

The best-suited soil for the manufacturing of bricks will be silted clay or weathered clay as this soil has sufficient cohesion and little silt content will aid in the strength.

Which bricks are good for double story house? ›

10MPa cement bricks are suitable for single or double storey laying. The cement bricks are made with a blend of aggregates and cement with constant hydraulic pressure and simultaneous vibration, the brick is moulded and left to cure until it has reached a minimum of 10MPa strength.

What is the most popular type of brick? ›

1. Burnt Clay Bricks. Burnt clay bricks are also known as common bricks because they are the most abundant brick type in modern construction. These bricks are used in columns, walls, foundations, and more with a wide variety of purposes.

Which is best block or brick? ›

The differences between bricks and solid concrete blocks

Concrete blocks have a much higher water resistance than bricks, and their compressive strength is higher. Concrete has a shorter life than brick, though it still gives efficient results for up to 100 years.

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