How to execute stored procedure in SQL Server - DatabaseFAQs.com (2023)

In thisSQL Servertutorial, we will learnHow to execute stored procedure in SQL Server. We will also discuss different examples related to the execution of stored procedures in SQL Server. Here is the complete list of topics that we are going to discuss.

  • How to execute stored procedure in SQL Serer
  • How to execute stored procedures automatically in SQL Server
  • Execute stored procedure with parameters in SQL Server Management Studio
  • How to execute stored procedure without parameters in SQL Server
  • How to execute stored procedure with parameters in SQL Server
  • Execute stored procedure with multiple parameters
  • How to execute stored procedure in sql server with input parameters
  • How to execute stored procedure in sql server with output parameters
  • Execute stored procedure with input and output parameters in SQL Server
  • How to execute stored procedure in select statement SQL Server
  • Execute stored procedure within stored procedure with parameters
  • How to pass dynamic parameters to stored procedure in SQL Server
  • Execute stored procedure with select statement as input parameters
  • Execute stored procedure with date parameters in SQL Server
  • Execute stored procedure with table-valued parameters in SQL Server
  • How to execute stored procedure in SQL Server with return value

Note:- Before starting this topic, it is recommended to know what are stored procedures, and how we can create a stored procedure in SQL Server. For more details, you can also refer to the following articles.

  • What is a stored procedure in SQL Server
  • How to create stored procedure with examples

Table of Contents

How to execute stored procedure in SQL Server

In SQL Server, there are 2 different approaches available to execute a stored procedure. The first approach is simply by calling the stored procedure whenever we are required to execute a procedure. And the second approach is by automatically executing the stored procedure whenever we start the SQL Server instance.

This section will discuss the manual approach of calling the stored procedure and try to demonstrate some examples.

We can execute a stored procedure in 2 ways, first is by executing a Transact-SQL query for execution. And the second way is by using SQL Server Management Studio.

Using Transact-SQL

Let’s start with the first way of manually call the stored procedure for execution. We have to use the EXECUTE or EXEC keyword to run the required stored procedure in this approach.

Additionally, it is recommended to specify the schema with the procedure name. Because the Database Engine does not have to search numerous schemas, this technique provides a minor performance benefit. And if a database has procedures with the same name in many schemas, it also prevents the undesirable procedure from being executed.

Here is the general syntax of executing the stored procedure using the EXEC keyword.

USE database_nameGOEXEC dbo.procedure_name---------------OR--------------------------EXEC database_name.dbo.procedure_nameGO

Let’s understand this demonstration, with the help of an example. And in the example, we will execute a simple stored procedure with the name “GetAllRecords” and it has the following code.

USE [sqlserverguides]GOCREATE PROCEDURE [dbo].[GetAllRecords]ASBEGIN SELECT [id], [first_name], [gender] FROM dbo.SampleTable;ENDGO

Now, let’s try to execute this procedure with the help of the given syntax.

USE sqlserverguidesGOEXEC dbo.GetAllRecords

In the code, first, we have specified the database name which is sqlserverguides. After this, we are using the EXEC keyword to execute the procedure which is having the schema dbo. And after execution, we will get the following result.

How to execute stored procedure in SQL Server - DatabaseFAQs.com (1)

Using SQL Server Management Studio

Now, we will understand how to use the SQL Server Management Studio for executing a stored procedure. For this, we have to follow the following steps given below.

  • First, start the SQL Server Management Studio and connect to the Database Engine.
  • Now, in Object Explorer, expand the database that contains the stored procedure.
  • Next, expand the Programmability directory and then under Programmability, expand Stored Procedures.
  • Now, right-click the required stored procedure and click on Execute Stored Procedure. It will open a Execute Procedure dialog box.
How to execute stored procedure in SQL Server - DatabaseFAQs.com (2)
  • Now, in the Execute Procedure dialog box, specify the required parameter values and click on OK.

Read: Loop in SQL Server stored procedure

How to execute stored procedures automatically in SQL Server

Whenever we mark a procedure to be executed automatically, the procedure gets executed whenever SQL Server starts. So, before creating a procedure for automatic execution, let’s understand the need of executing a procedure automatically.

  • Executing procedure automatically can be useful in implementing the database maintenance task.
  • Another application for automatic execution is to create procedures that conduct system or maintenance activities in tempdb, such as building a global temporary table.

Next, let’s understand the limitations of executing a stored procedure automatically.

  • The stored procedures for automatic execution can only be created in the master database by the system administrator.
  • A stored procedure for automatic execution cannot have any input or output parameters.
  • The stored procedures for automatic execution should not return any resultset as there is no place for resultset to show.

Now, let’s understand how we can mark a stored procedure for automatic execution. So, for this implementation, we use the sp_procoption system procedure. Here is the general syntax that we can use to mark a stored procedure for automatic execution.

USE database_name; GO EXEC sp_procoption @ProcName = '<procedure name>' , @OptionName = 'startup' , @OptionValue = 'on'; 

Let’s understand this implementation with the help of an example. And for example, we have created a simple stored procedure that creates a global temporary table and inserts 3 records in it. It has the following code.

USE masterGOCREATE PROC sp_GlobalTmpTable AS BEGIN Create Table ##MyDetails(Id int, Name nvarchar(30)) Insert into ##MyDetails Values(1, 'Jack') Insert into ##MyDetails Values(2, 'Kane') Insert into ##MyDetails Values(3, 'Smith') End 

Now, let’s use the given syntax to mark the procedure for automatic execution.

USE master; GO EXEC sp_procoption @ProcName = 'sp_GlobalTmpTable' , @OptionName = 'startup' , @OptionValue = 'on'; 

Now, whenever we start the SQL Server instance again then, we can see a global temporary table will be created automatically.

Read: SQL Server stored procedure modified date

How to execute stored procedure with parameters in SQL Server

The true power of stored procedures lies in their capacity to pass parameters and have the stored procedure handle a variety of requests. In SQL Server, parameters are used to exchange data between the stored procedure and the application that calls the stored procedure.

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In SQL Server, there are 2 types of parameters associated with stored procedures.

  1. Input paramaters
  2. Output parameters

In this section, we will discuss both the types of parameters and we will also illustrate some examples.

How to execute stored procedure in sql server with input parameters

First, let’s understand what are input parameters and how we can execute a stored procedure with input parameters.

The input parameter in a stored procedure allows the user or caller to pass a data value to the stored procedure. And then, we can use that data value within the stored procedure for some operation.

Now, before understanding how to execute a stored procedure with input parameters, one should know how to create input parameters. For demonstration, we have created a stored procedure that accepts 3 input parameters and inserts those parameter values into the sales table. The script for the stored procedure is given below.

USE [sqlserverguides]GOCREATE PROC [dbo].[InsertRecords]( @name VARCHAR(50), @joining_date Date, @sales INT )ASBEGIN INSERT INTO dbo.SalesTable VALUES(@name, @joining_date, @sales)ENDGO

Now to execute the procedure with input parameters, we need to specify the values for that parameters while running the execute statement. And there are 2 ways to pass the parameter values both the ways are demonstrated in the syntax below.

USE databse_nameGOEXEC procedure_name @Param_1=value_1, @Param_2=value_2---------------------------OR----------------------------USE databse_nameGOEXEC procedure_name value_1, value_2

Now there are 2 approaches that we can use to specify the input parameter. The first approach is to specify the parameter name with its value, and the second approach is to directly specify the parameter values.

The working example of both the executions is illustrated in the image below.

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How to execute stored procedure in sql server with output parameters

The output parameter in a stored procedure allows passing the data values from the stored procedure back to the caller or user. And then, we can use that data values outside the stored procedure for some operation.

Now, before understanding how to execute a stored procedure with output parameters, one should know how to create output parameters. For demonstration, we have created a stored procedure with 1 output parameter. And we will use this output parameter to get the total count of products available in the product table. The script for this stored procedure is given below.

USE [sqlserverguides]GOCREATE PROC [dbo].[usp_GetProductCount]( @count INT OUT)ASBEGIN SELECT @count = COUNT(product_name) FROM dbo.ProductTableENDGO

Now to execute a stored procedure with output parameter, first, we have to declare a variable that can store the value of the output parameter. After this, we can use the declared variable to get the value of the output parameter.

Here is an example of how we can execute the procedure with an output parameter.

USE [sqlserverguides]GODECLARE @P_count intEXEC [dbo].[usp_GetProductCount] @count=@P_count OUTPUTSELECT @P_count AS [Product Count]

In this example, first, we have declared an integer variable with the name @P_count. After this, we are using execute the statement and in the statement, we have assigned the variable as a value to the output parameter. In the end, we are using the SELECT statement to get the value of the variable.

The complete execution is shown in the image below.

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Execute stored procedure with input and output parameters in SQL Server

Till now, we have discussed how we can execute stored procedures with input as well as output parameters. And we have also discussed their examples separately. Now, let’s understand how we can execute a stored procedure with both input and output parameters together.

For understanding this implementation, let’s execute a simple example of a stored procedure that has both input and output parameters.

For the example, we have created a stored procedure that accepts an integer value as an input parameter. And then, we will calculate the cube of that integer value and return it to the user or caller using the output parameter. The code of the stored procedure is as follows.

USE [sqlserverguides]GOCREATE PROC [dbo].[usp_GetCube](@a INT, @b INT OUTPUT)ASBEGIN SET @b = (@a * @a * @a)ENDGO

Now to execute this procedure, first, we have to pass the value for the input parameter. And then, we have to pass a variable that can store the value of an output parameter. In the end, we will use a SELECT statement to display the value of the output parameter.

USE [sqlserverguides]GODECLARE @cube INTEXEC [dbo].[usp_GetCube] 9, @cube OUTPUTSELECT @cube AS [Cube Value]

In the end, we will get the following result.

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Read: Stored procedure for search functionality in SQL Server

How to execute stored procedure with multiple parameters

In SQL Server, a stored procedure can also have multiple input as well as output parameters. Now, these parameters can either be used to implement some task within the procedure, or they may be used to return some value from the procedure to the caller.

A procedure in SQL Server can have a maximum of 2100 parameters, each assign with a name, data type, direction, or a default value. Now to execute a stored procedure with multiple parameters, we can either specify the parameter name with its value or we can directly specify the parameter values in sequence.

Let’s understand this implementation, by executing a stored procedure having multiple parameters. And the code of an example is given below.

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USE [sqlserverguides]GOCREATE PROC [dbo].[usp_FilterRecods]( @country VARCHAR(MAX), @start_date DATE, @end_date DATE )ASBEGIN SELECT [first_name], [last_name], [country], [Date] AS [Joining Date] FROM [SampleTable] WHERE ([Country] = @country AND ([Date] BETWEEN @start_date AND @end_date))ENDGO

In the given example. we have created a stored procedure with 3 input parameters. And we will use these input parameters to filter out a resultset from a sample table. In the example, we are using the SELECT statement to fetch 4 columns from the sample table. After this, we are using a using WHERE clause to filter the result based upon input parameters.

Next, to execute this stored procedure, we will pass the values of input parameters directly in sequence.

USE [sqlserverguides]GOEXEC [dbo].[usp_FilterRecods] 'United States', '2020-03-13', '2021-09-13'

After successfully executing the above example, w will get the following output.

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Read: Try catch in SQL Server stored procedure

Execute stored procedure with parameters in SQL server management studio

Now, we will understand how to use the SQL Server Management Studio for executing a stored procedure having parameters. For this implementation, we have to follow the following steps given below.

  • First, start the SQL Server Management Studio and connect to the Database Engine using your credentials.
  • Now, under Object Explorer, expand the database that contains the stored procedure.
  • Next, expand the Programmability directory and then under Programmability, expand Stored Procedures.
  • Now, right-click the required stored procedure and click on Execute Stored Procedure. It will open a Execute Procedure dialog box.
  • Next, in the Execute Procedure dialog box, provide the required parameter values and click on OK to execute the procedure.
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In the example, we are executing a stored procedure that filters out the result based upon 3 input parameters. And in the example, we have provided the values for each input parameter.

Now, if you are executing a stored procedure having an output parameter then, you don’t need to provide the value for it. The SQL Server Management Studio will automatically return the value of an output parameter into a variable.

Read: SQL Server stored procedure parameters

How to execute stored procedure without parameters in SQL Server

In SQL Server, we can also create a stored procedure without any parameters. A stored procedure without any parameters is one of the basic implementations of a stored procedure in SQL Server. These types of stored procedures are generally used when we just want to return resultsets.

Let’s understand this approach with the help of an example. For this example, we will create a simple stored procedure that returns a resultset. To return a resultset, we have to use the SELECT statement within the body of the procedure. The example of the stored procedure is illustrated below.

USE [sqlserverguides]GOCREATE PROCEDURE [dbo].[GetAllProducts]ASBEGIN SELECT [product_id], [product_name], [quantity], [product_price] FROM dbo.ProductTable;ENDGO

In the above example, we have created a stored procedure that returns a resultset from the product table. Now to execute this procedure, we simply need to use the EXEC keyword and specify the name of the procedure.

The query for execution and its output are shown in the image below.

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Read: SQL Server stored procedure return value

Execute stored procedure with date parameters in sql server

In SQL Server, a stored procedure can have parameters of different data types. A stored procedure in SQL Server supports different types of data types for the parameters. These data types include integer, float, varchar, date, DateTime, etc.

In this section, we will understand how we can execute a stored procedure with date data types parameters.

And we will discuss this implementation with the help of an example. Now, for example, we have created a simple stored procedure that converts a DateTime value to a date value. The complete code for the stored procedure is given below.

USE [sqlserverguides]GOCreate proc [dbo].[usp_Datetime2Date]( @datetime DATETIME, @date DATE OUT )ASBEGINSET @date = CAST(@datetime AS DATE)ENDGO
  • In the above example, we have created a stored procedure with 2 parameters.
  • The first parameter is an input parameter of Datetime data type and the second parameter is an output parameter of Date data type.
  • And this stored procedure converts the input parameter value of DateTime data type into the date data type.
  • In the end, it returns the converted value using the output parameter.

Next, let’s execute this procedure by specifying the value for input and output parameters.

USE [sqlserverguides]GODECLARE @date_value DateEXEC [dbo].[usp_Datetime2Date] '2018-08-25 15:47:43.903', @date_value OUTPUTSELECT @date_value AS [Date Value]

After successfully executing the given example, you will get the following output.

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Read: SQL Server stored procedure vs function

Execute stored procedure with table-valued parameters in SQL Server

A table-valued parameter in SQL Server is a standard way to provide a table as a parameter into the stored procedures. It allows us to use a table as an input to a procedure, eliminating the need for more complex steps to complete the task.

So, in this section, we will discuss how to create and execute a stored procedure with table-valued parameters. For this implementation, we have to follow the following given sequence.

  • First, create a table type that can be passed as a table-valued parameter
  • Next, create a stored procedure that uses the table-valued parameter
  • In the end, populate the table type and pass it to a stored procedure.

Let’s first understand how we can create a table-valued parameter in SQL Server. For this, we will have to use the CREATE TYPE command, here is the example of and table type that we have created.

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USE [sqlserverguides]GOCREATE TYPE [dbo].[CustomerType] AS TABLE( [Id] [int] NULL, [Name] [varchar](50) NULL, [Country] [varchar](50) NULL)GO

Next, we have to create a stored procedure that accepts the CustomerType table type as a parameter. Here is an example of this stored procedure.

USE [sqlserverguides]GOCREATE PROCEDURE [dbo].[usp_InsertCustomers] @tblCustomers CustomerType READONLYASBEGIN INSERT INTO Customers(Id, Name, Country) SELECT Id, Name, Country FROM @tblCustomersEND

In the above example, we have created a stored procedure with a table-valued parameter. And we will use the values of this table-valued parameter to insert some records in the customer table.

Next, we have to create a table variable of the CustomerType type and then we will add some records in the table variable. In the end, we will pass the table variable to the stored procedure as a table-valued parameter. The script for this implementation is given below.

USE [sqlserverguides]GODECLARE @tblCustomers CustomerType INSERT INTO @tblCustomers([Id], [Name], [Country])VALUES(1, 'John Cena', 'United States'), (2, 'Peter Parker', 'France'), (3, 'Chris Woakes', 'England') EXEC [dbo].[usp_InsertCustomers] @tblCustomers

Now, if we execute the above query, the given 3 records will be inserted into the customer’s table.

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Read: SQL Server stored procedure insert into

How to execute stored procedure in SQL Server with return value

In SQL Server, whenever we execute a stored procedure, it by default returns an integer value to the user or the caller. These integer values indicate the execution status of a procedure. Generally, a zero represents successful execution and a non-zero represents some sort of error.

Other than this, we can also use the RETURN statement to return an integer value to the user or application. So, in this section, we will understand how we can execute a stored procedure with return value in SQL Server.

Let’s understand the implementation by executing a simple stored procedure that accepts an integer value as an input parameter. And returns the square of the integer using the RETURN statement. The query for the stored procedure is given below.

USE [sqlserverguides]GOCREATE PROC [dbo].[usp_GetSquare]( @a INT )ASBEGIN RETURN (@a*@a)ENDGO

Now to execute this procedure and get the return value, first, we have to declare a variable of integer data type. Next, we have to use the variable in the execution statement and assign the procedure name with its parameter value to the variable. In the end, use the SELECT statement with the variable to get the return value.

USE [sqlserverguides]GODECLARE @square_value INTEXEC @square_value = [dbo].[usp_GetSquare] 9SELECT @square_value AS [Return value]

Here is the output of the above execution.

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Read: SQL Server stored procedure naming convention

How to execute stored procedure in select statement SQL Server

In SQL Server, we cannot directly use a SELECT statement to execute and fetch the result of a stored procedure. But still, there is one way through which we can execute a stored procedure within a SELECT statement in SQL Server. For this implementation, we have to use OPENQUERY to execute the procedure.

The OPENQUERY is a function in SQL Server that can be used in the SELECT statement. And this function is used to fetch data from one server to another. So, we will use this function to execute a procedure, and we will use the function in the SELECT statement to fetch the result from a stored procedure.

Let’s understand this implementation with the help of an example. For this demonstration, we are using a stored procedure that simply returns the records from the product table. The stored procedure is as follows.

USE [sqlserverguides]GOCREATE PROCEDURE [dbo].[GetAllProducts]ASBEGIN SELECT [product_id], [product_name], [quantity], [product_price] FROM dbo.ProductTable;ENDGO

Now, we will use the following query to execute the procedure in the SELECT statement using the OPENQUERY function.

SELECT * FROM OPENQUERY([DESKTOP-0EMHCK4\SQLEXPRESS], 'EXEC sqlserverguides.dbo.GetAllProducts');

In the OPENQUERY function, we first specified the server name, and after this, we specified the procedure execution statement. In the end, we will get the following output.

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Execute stored procedure within stored procedure with parameters

In SQL Server, we can also use one stored procedure within the body of another stored procedure. And both the stored procedure can also have parameters to pass values between one another.

For a better understanding, let’s implement an example and try to understand the whole execution. So, first, we have created a stored procedure with the name “usp_GetProductById“. Now, this procedure accepts a product id as an input parameter and uses it to fetch the name and price of that product from the product table. In the end, it returns the product name and price using output parameters.

The script for the procedure is given below.

USE [sqlserverguides]GOCREATE PROC [dbo].[usp_GetProductById]( @id INT, @name VARCHAR(MAX) OUT, @price INT OUT )ASBEGIN SELECT @name = [product_name], @price = [product_price] FROM dbo.ProductTable WHERE [product_id] = @idENDGO

Next, we have created another stored procedure with the name “usp_GetProductPrice“. Now, this procedure also accepts the product id as an input parameter and it uses the parameter to execute the “usp_GetProductById” procedure. After execution, it will print the name and price of the product that is returned by the “usp_GetProductById” procedure.

The script for the procedure is given below.

USE [sqlserverguides]GOCREATE PROC [dbo].[usp_GetProductPrice]( @id INT )ASBEGIN DECLARE @p_name VARCHAR(MAX), @p_price INT EXEC [dbo].[usp_GetProductById] @id, @p_name OUT, @p_price OUT PRINT 'The '+@p_name+' is having a price of ' + CAST(@p_price AS VARCHAR(MAX)) ENDGO

Now, we will simply execute the “usp_GetProductPrice” procedure by providing the value for the input parameter.

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USE [sqlserverguides]GOEXEC [dbo].[usp_GetProductPrice] 101

And after successfully executing the above example, we will get the following output.

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Read: How to view stored procedure in SQL Server

Execute stored procedure with select statement as input parameters

In SQL Server, we generally use a SELECT statement to fetch data from different tables or functions. The data returned from the SELECT statement is known as a resultset. So, while working with stored procedures, we might come across a situation where we have to pass multiple values into the procedure.

But in SQL Server, we cannot pass a SELECT statement directly as an input parameter. The correct approach is to use a table-valued parameter to pass the table data into the procedure.

So, let’s understand the approach with the help of an example. And for this, again we are using the same usp_InsertCustomers procedure.

USE [sqlserverguides]GOCREATE PROCEDURE [dbo].[usp_InsertCustomers] @tblCustomers CustomerType READONLYASBEGIN INSERT INTO Customers(Id, Name, Country) SELECT Id, Name, Country FROM @tblCustomersENDGO

Now, for execution, first, we will declare a table-type variable. After this, we can use a SELECT statement to insert the values into the table-type variable. And in the end, we will pass the table-type variable as an input parameter.

USE [sqlserverguides]GODECLARE @tblCust CustomerTypeINSERT INTO @tblCustSELECT Id, Name, Country FROM [CustomersTable2]EXEC [dbo].[usp_InsertCustomers] @tblCust

After execution, 5 rows from CustomersTable2 will be inserted into the Customers table. Here is the output of the above execution.

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Read: SQL Server select from stored procedure

How to pass dynamic parameters to stored procedure in sql server

In SQL Server, we generally create a stored procedure with some input parameters. And these input parameters are used to pass values into the procedure dynamically.

For demonstration consider the following stored procedure.

USE [sqlserverguides]GOCREATE PROC [dbo].[usp_FilterRecods]( @country VARCHAR(MAX) = 'United States', @start_date DATE = NULL, @end_date DATE = NULL )ASBEGIN SELECT [first_name], [last_name], [country], [Date] AS [Joining Date] FROM [SampleTable] WHERE ([Country] = @country AND ([Date] BETWEEN @start_date AND @end_date))ENDGO

In the above example, we have created a stored procedure with 3 input parameters. And we will use these parameters to filter out records from a sample table. Moreover, we have also defined a default value for each parameter. So, even if we don’t pass any value for the input parameter, the procedure will use the default values for the operation.

Here is an execution example of this procedure.

USE [sqlserverguides]GOEXEC [dbo].[usp_FilterRecods] @start_date = '2020-03-13', @end_date = '2021-09-13'

In the execution, we have not defined the value country name parameter. So, the procedure will use the default value for the country and return the following output.

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You may also like: Advanced Stored Procedure Examples in SQL Server

In thisSQL Servertutorial, we have learnedHow to execute stored procedures in SQL Server. We have also discussed different examples related to the execution of stored procedures in SQL Server. Here is the complete list of topics that we have covered.

  • How to execute stored procedure in SQL Serer
  • How to execute stored procedures automatically in SQL Server
  • Execute stored procedure with parameters in SQL Server Management Studio
  • How to execute stored procedure without parameters in SQL Server
  • How to execute stored procedure with parameters in SQL Server
  • Execute stored procedure with multiple parameters
  • How to execute stored procedure in sql server with input parameters
  • How to execute stored procedure in sql server with output parameters
  • Execute stored procedure with input and output parameters in SQL Server
  • How to execute stored procedure in select statement SQL Server
  • Execute stored procedure within stored procedure with parameters
  • How to pass dynamic parameters to stored procedure in SQL Server
  • Execute stored procedure with select statement as input parameters
  • Execute stored procedure with date parameters in SQL Server
  • Execute stored procedure with table-valued parameters in SQL Server
  • How to execute stored procedure in SQL Server with return value

How to execute stored procedure in SQL Server - DatabaseFAQs.com (16)

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I am Bijay having more than 15 years of experience in the Software Industry.During this time, I have worked on MariaDB and used it in a lot of projects. Most of our readers are from the United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, etc.

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FAQs

How do I execute a stored procedure in SQL Server? ›

Using SQL Server Management Studio

Expand the database that you want, expand Programmability, and then expand Stored Procedures. Right-click the user-defined stored procedure that you want and select Execute Stored Procedure.

How do I execute a stored procedure without parameters in SQL Server? ›

The simplest kind of SQL Server stored procedure that you can call is one that contains no parameters and returns a single result set. The Microsoft JDBC Driver for SQL Server provides the SQLServerStatement class, which you can use to call this kind of stored procedure and process the data that it returns.

How do I monitor a stored procedure execution in SQL Server? ›

Resolution
  1. Open SQL Server Profiler.
  2. Click File -> New Trace.
  3. Log in with an account that has rights to run profiler traces. ...
  4. On the General tab in "Use the template", select Blank.
  5. Click the Events Selection tab.
  6. Check "Show all events" and "Show all columns".
  7. Expand Stored Procedures, and select the following:
8 Sept 2022

How can we check stored procedure is working or not in SQL Server? ›

How can check stored procedure performance in SQL Server?
  1. Using SQL Server Profiler.
  2. Display Estimated Execution Plan.
  3. Using SQL Server Profiler.
  4. Using Transact-SQL.
  5. Verify while creating a stored procedure.
  6. Verify the execution of a stored procedure.

What command is used to execute a stored procedure? ›

The EXEC command is used to execute a stored procedure, or a SQL string passed to it.

How can we execute stored procedures and functions? ›

To execute a stored procedure or function, you only need to include its object name. Procedures and functions that are created outside of a package are called stored or standalone subprograms. Procedures and functions defined within a package are known as packaged subprograms.

How do you call a procedure without parameters? ›

You simply have to write the name of your stored procedure inside the execution section of an anonymous and named PL/SQL block. The compiler will automatically interpret that as a procedure call statement.

How do I manually test a stored procedure? ›

A typical SQL unit testing scenario is as follows:
  1. Create a database object to meet some business requirement.
  2. Create a SQL unit test to check the database object.
  3. Run SQL unit test to check the database object does the job or not.
  4. If the test is passed then move on to the next SQL unit test.
14 Jun 2019

Can pass 3 types of parameters to stored procedures What are they? ›

As a program, a stored procedure can take parameters. There are three types of parameters: IN, OUT and INOUT.

How do you test a stored procedure performance? ›

In SQL Server, we can test a stored procedure in different ways. For example, we can test the performance of a stored procedure using the SQL Server Profiler. Similarly, we can test the execution time of a stored procedure. And we can also test a stored procedure by checking their execution status.

How do I view all Stored Procedures? ›

Get list of Stored Procedure and Tables from Sql Server database
  1. For Tables: SELECT TABLE_NAME FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.TABLES.
  2. For Stored Procedure: Select [NAME] from sysobjects where type = 'P' and category = 0.
  3. For Views: Select [NAME] from sysobjects where type = 'V' and category = 0.
30 Jul 2009

How do I view stored procedure data? ›

To view the definition a procedure in Object Explorer

In Object Explorer, connect to an instance of Database Engine and then expand that instance. Expand Databases, expand the database in which the procedure belongs, and then expand Programmability.

How can you tell if a stored procedure has been executed successfully? ›

Return Value in SQL Server Stored Procedure

In default, when we execute a stored procedure in SQL Server, it returns an integer value and this value indicates the execution status of the stored procedure. The 0 value indicates, the procedure is completed successfully and the non-zero values indicate an error.

How do I fix a stored procedure in SQL? ›

Use SQL Server Management Studio

Expand Databases, expand the database in which the procedure belongs, and then expand Programmability. Expand Stored Procedures, right-click the procedure to modify, and then select Modify. Modify the text of the stored procedure. To test the syntax, on the Query menu, select Parse.

Can you query a stored procedure? ›

Click on your database and expand “Programmability” and right click on “Stored Procedures” or press CTRL+N to get new query window. You can write the SELECT query in between BEGIN and END to get select records from the table.

How do you execute in SQL? ›

Running a SQL Command

Enter the SQL command you want to run in the command editor. Click Run (Ctrl+Enter) to execute the command. Tip: To execute a specific statement, select the statement you want to run and click Run.

How do you execute a procedure in SQL Developer? ›

You can also execute a procedure from the Oracle SQL Developer using the following steps:
  1. Right-click the procedure name and choose Run… menu item.
  2. Enter a value for the in_customer_id parameter and click OK button.
  3. The following shows the result.

What are the two types of stored procedures? ›

Types of Stored Procedures

User-defined Stored Procedures. System Stored Procedures.

How do you call a procedure? ›

To call a Function procedure in an assignment statement
  1. Use the Function procedure name following the equal ( = ) sign in the assignment statement.
  2. Follow the procedure name with parentheses to enclose the argument list. ...
  3. Place the arguments in the argument list within the parentheses, separated by commas.
15 Sept 2021

Can I call stored procedure in function? ›

According to Microsoft standard, stored procedures cannot be executed inside the function, but technically it is possible with some tweaks.

What happens when a stored procedure is executed? ›

When you run a stored procedure, Adaptive Server prepares an execution plan so that the procedure's execution is very fast. Stored procedures can: Take parameters. Call other procedures.

Can we call same procedure within itself? ›

Yes. Because Transact-SQL supports recursion, you can write stored procedures that call themselves. Recursion can be defined as a method of problem solving wherein the solution is arrived at by repetitively applying it to subsets of the problem.

Can a procedure call itself? ›

If a procedure calls itself, it is recursive. Recursive procedures are useful for tasks that involve repetitive steps.

Can we pass parameters to stored procedures? ›

You can also pass parameters to a stored procedure, so that the stored procedure can act based on the parameter value(s) that is passed.

How do I debug a stored procedure in SQL Server? ›

To debugging SP, go to database->Programmability->Stored Procedures-> right click the procedure you want to debug->select Debug Procedure.

How many types of Stored Procedures are there? ›

The Stored Procedures stage supports three types of procedures: Transform procedures. Source procedures. Target procedures.

How do I test if SQL is working? ›

To check the status of the SQL Server Agent:
  1. Log on to the Database Server computer with an Administrator account.
  2. Start Microsoft SQL Server Management Studio.
  3. In the left pane, verify the SQL Server Agent is running.
  4. If the SQL Server Agent is not running, right-click SQL Server Agent, and then click Start.
  5. Click Yes.

How many stored procedures can be called from a stored procedure? ›

Single Stored Procedure per CALL Statement

A single executable statement can call only one stored procedure. In contrast, a single SQL statement can call multiple functions. Similarly, a stored procedure, unlike a function, cannot be called as part of an expression.

Can a procedure return a value? ›

A stored procedure does not have a return value but can optionally take input, output, or input-output parameters. A stored procedure can return output through any output or input-output parameter.

What are the five methods of parameter passing? ›

6.1. Parameter-Passing Mechanisms
  • Call-by-value.
  • Call-by-reference.
  • Call-by-copy-restore (also known as value-result, copy-in-copy-out)

How do I run a stored procedure faster? ›

  1. Specify column names instead of using * in SELECT statement. Try to avoid * ...
  2. Avoid temp temporary table. Temporary tables usually increase a query's complexity. ...
  3. Create Proper Index. Proper indexing will improve the speed of the operations in the database.
  4. Use Join query instead of sub-query and co-related subquery.
28 May 2019

How do I know if a stored procedure is slow? ›

When you need to find out why a stored procedure is running slow, here's the information to start gathering:
  1. Check to see if the plan is in the cache. ...
  2. Collect a set of parameters that work. ...
  3. Find out if those parameters are fast, slow, or vary. ...
  4. Find out if the stored proc does any writes.
9 Apr 2017

Do stored procedure run faster? ›

Because of this, it's probably more likely that your stored procedure plans are being ran from cached plans while your individually submitted query texts may not be utilizing the cache. Because of this, the stored procedure may in fact be executing faster because it was able to reuse a cached plan.

How do I list all SP in SQL Server? ›

3 Ways to List All Stored Procedures in a SQL Server Database
  1. Option 1 – The ROUTINES Information Schema View. You can use the ROUTINES information schema view to get a list of all user-defined stored procedures in a database. ...
  2. Option 2 – The sys.objects System Catalog View. ...
  3. Option 3 – The sys.procedures Catalog View.
13 Feb 2020

Where are stored procedure files stored? ›

You can find the stored procedure in the Object Explorer, under Programmability > Stored Procedures as shown in the following picture: Sometimes, you need to click the Refresh button to manually update the database objects in the Object Explorer.

Where Stored Procedures are stored? ›

A stored procedure is a set of Structured Query Language (SQL) statements with an assigned name, which are stored in a relational database management system (RDBMS) as a group, so it can be reused and shared by multiple programs.

Can we return multiple tables from stored procedure? ›

They may return result sets in case you use SELECT statements. Stored procedures can return multiple result sets.

How do I connect to a stored procedure? ›

Stored procedures are predefined queries that can be saved and executed by some relational database systems.
...
  1. On the menu bar, select Data > Manage Data Connections.
  2. Select Add New > Data Connection > Microsoft SQL Server. ...
  3. In the Microsoft SQL Server Connection dialog, specify the required settings and click Connect.

Which query will be executed first? ›

The order in which the clauses in queries are executed is as follows: 1. FROM/JOIN: The FROM and/or JOIN clauses are executed first to determine the data of interest.

How long should a query take to execute? ›

The query takes 20 to 500 ms (or sometimes more) depending on the system and the amount of data. The performance of the database or the database server has a significant influence on the speed. A tip: Test your system using the demo license of the Connector to get an indication of the performance of your components.

What to Do If SQL Server is not responding? ›

You can kill SQL Server with "KILL sqlservr.exe". The KILL command is in the NT resource kit. It can then be started with NET START MSSQLSERVER. ONLY do this if SQL Server does not respond to a normal shutdown or NET STOP MSSQLSERVER command.

How do I troubleshoot SQL issues? ›

Tools and methods that help you troubleshoot connectivity issues
  1. Configure firewalls to work with SQL Server. ...
  2. Test connections to SQL Server by using Universal Data Link (UDL) files. ...
  3. Use PortQryUI tool with SQL Server. ...
  4. Check whether SQL Server is listening on dynamic or static ports.
3 Aug 2022

How can get stored procedure output in SQL Server? ›

The easy way is to right-click on the procedure in Sql Server Management Studio (SSMS), select 'Execute stored procedure..." and add values for the input parameters as prompted. SSMS will then generate the code to run the procedure in a new query window, and execute it for you.

Which is better stored procedure or query? ›

Stored procedures (SPs) are a better choice than views, but views are much better than SQL queries embedded in reports.

Can I call a stored procedure from another? ›

In large database applications, it is common to call one stored procedure from another stored procedure.

Can we call stored procedure in SELECT statement? ›

We can not directly use stored procedures in a SELECT statement.

Can you execute a stored procedure in a function? ›

According to Microsoft standard, stored procedures cannot be executed inside the function, but technically it is possible with some tweaks.

How do I run an ISO File in SQL? ›

Let's see how to install SQL Server step by step.
  1. Run install media file (ISO file) downloaded in above section by double-clicking on it. ...
  2. Once extraction is completed, double click on the setup.exe file and you will see the below screen.
  3. Now you will see the Product Key window.
  4. Now you will see the License Terms window.
21 Jun 2022

Can we pass list in stored procedure? ›

Depending on the programming language and API, you can pass the list in as a table valued parameter (TVP). Other solutions will vary depending on your SQL Server version.

How do I view all stored procedures? ›

Get list of Stored Procedure and Tables from Sql Server database
  1. For Tables: SELECT TABLE_NAME FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.TABLES.
  2. For Stored Procedure: Select [NAME] from sysobjects where type = 'P' and category = 0.
  3. For Views: Select [NAME] from sysobjects where type = 'V' and category = 0.
30 Jul 2009

Can we call stored procedure from view? ›

There could be scenarios where you want to use a Stored Procedure in view and Join the result set returned by a Stored procedure with some other tables/views. Step 2: Create Stored Procedure that will return all results.

Can we call stored procedure inside function SQL Server? ›

You can call a stored procedure inside a user-defined function. Consider this example: SQL> create table test_tab (tab_id number); Table created.

Which is faster stored procedure or function? ›

As you can see, the scalar functions are slower than stored procedures. In average, the execution time of the scalar function was 57 seconds and the stored procedure 36 seconds.

How is a procedure executed? ›

To execute a procedure owned by a user other than the effective user of the session, specify the procedure name using the schema. procedure_name syntax. From interactive SQL, from within another database procedure, or by using the dynamic SQL EXECUTE IMMEDIATE statement.

Is 2GB RAM enough for SQL Server? ›

At least 2GB of Memory. The filesystem must be XFS or EXT4. At least 6GB of disk space (this is to install SQL Server, not to store your databases)

What are %d and %s in SQL? ›

You must use %d for integer values and %s for string values. You can also use %f for a floating point value, %b for binary data and %% just to insert a percent symbol.

How do I practice SQL in CMD? ›

Start the sqlcmd utility and connect to a default instance of SQL Server
  1. On the Start menu, select Run. In the Open box type cmd, and then select OK to open a Command Prompt window. ...
  2. At the command prompt, type sqlcmd.
  3. Press ENTER. ...
  4. To end the sqlcmd session, type EXIT at the sqlcmd prompt.
4 Nov 2022

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