NEMA MG 1 - VSIP.INFO (2023)

NEMA MG 1-2014 Motors and Generators

NEMA MG 1-2014 Motors and Generators

Published by: National Electrical Manufacturers Association 1300 North 17th Street, Suite 900 Rosslyn, Virginia 22209 www.nema.org

© 2014 National Electrical Manufacturers Association. All rights, including translation into other languages, reserved under the Universal Copyright Convention, the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, and the International and Pan American copyright conventions.

NOTICE AND DISCLAIMER The information in this publication was considered technically sound by a consensus among persons engaged in its development at the time it was approved. Consensus does not necessarily mean there was unanimous agreement among every person participating in the development process. The National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) standards and guideline publications, of which the document herein is one, are developed through a voluntary standards development process. This process brings together volunteers and/or seeks out the views of persons who have an interest in the topic covered by this publication. Although NEMA administers the process and establishes rules to promote fairness in the development of consensus, it does not write the documents, nor does it independently test, evaluate, or verify the accuracy or completeness of any information or the soundness of any judgments contained in its standards and guideline publications. NEMA disclaims liability for any personal injury, property, or other damages of any nature, whether special, indirect, consequential, or compensatory, directly or indirectly resulting from the publication, use of, application, or reliance on this document. NEMA disclaims and makes no guaranty or warranty, express or implied, as to the accuracy or completeness of any information published herein, and disclaims and makes no warranty that the information in this document will fulfill any particular purpose(s) or need(s). NEMA does not undertake to guarantee the performance of any individual manufacturer’s or seller’s products or services by virtue of this standard or guide. In publishing and making this document available, NEMA is not undertaking to render professional or other services for or on behalf of any person or entity, nor is NEMA undertaking to perform any duty owed by any person or entity to someone else. Anyone using this document should rely on his or her own independent judgment or, as appropriate, seek the advice of a competent professional in determining the exercise of reasonable care in any given circumstance. Information and other standards on the topic covered by this publication may be available from other sources, which the user may wish to consult for additional views or information not covered by this publication. NEMA has no power, nor does it undertake to police or enforce compliance with the contents of this document. NEMA does not certify, test, or inspect products, designs, or installations for safety or health purposes. Any certification or other statement of compliance with any health- or safety-related information in this document shall not be attributable to NEMA and is solely the responsibility of the certifier or maker of the statement.

MG 1-2014 Summary of Changes, Page 1

Changes made for MG 1-2014 will be unmarked in this version. Changes made for the MG 1-2014 revision are identified here. Section I, Part 1 1.1 Revised text, updated, and occasionally added references 1.19.1.2 Updated references to subsections 1.19.1.3 Updated references to subsections 1.27.2 Added footnote 1.41.2 Reference to added clause 1.41.3 Reference to added clause 1.54 Revised and redefined Section I, Part 4 4.4.8 Added subtitle Section II, Part 10 10.39.1 Addition of letter m to Nameplate Marking Requirement Section II, Part 12 12.31 Revised and added characteristics 12.58.1 Added references, revised determination of Motor Efficiency and Losses, deleted outdated information, added footnotes 12.58.2 Added and revised to include Design N, Design L and Design M single-speed single-phase squirrel-cage small motors, added efficiency levels to Table 12-10 12.59 Revised title to Efficiency Levels of Energy Efficient Polyphase Squirrel-Cage Random Wound Induction Motors Rated 600 Volts or Less at 60 Hz and added new paragraph 12.60 Revised title to Efficiency Levels of Premium Efficientcy Random Wound Electric Motors Rated 600 Volts or Less at 60 Hz 12.60.1 Revised title to Random Wound Electric Motor, added paragraph 12.60.1.1 Added new subsection title Single-Phase Capacitor-Start Induction-Run or Capacitor-Start Capacitor-Run Small Motors and paragraph 12.60.1.2 Added new subsection title Single-Phase Capacitor-Start Capacitor-Run Small Motors and paragraph 12.60.1.3 Added new subsection title Polyphase Small Motors and paragraph 12.60.1.4 Added new subsection title Polyphase Medium Motors and paragraph 12.60.2 Revised 60 Hz Motors Rated Medium Voltage, 5000 Volts or Less (Form Wound) and paragraph 12.60.3 Revised 50 Hz Motors Rated 600 Volts or Less (Random Wound), paragraph, revised formulas, added 8 Pole category to table, revised values 12.61 Revised Table 12-11 title, revised Table 12-12, revised Table 12-13, deleted data in Table 12-14, added Table 12-15, added Table 12-16, added Table 12-17, added Table 12-18, added Table 12-19, added Table 12-20, added Table 12-21 Section III, Part 20 20.21 Addition of KW Values 20.21.1 Addition of subtitle, addition of KW Values 20.21.A Revision of referenced paragraphs 20.21.B Revised paragraph, added Table 20-A 20.21.C Revised paragraph, added Table 20-B 20.21.C.2 Revised paragraphs, added Table 20-C 20.21.C.3 Revised paragraphs, added Table 20-D 20.21.C.4 Added paragraph, added Table 20-E, Table 20-F, Table 20-G 20.25.1 Revised Nameplate Marking requirement by the addition of l (NEMA nominal efficiency)

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MG 1-2014 Summary of Changes, Page 2 Section IV, Part 31 31.3.5 Simplified text 31.4.4.3 Revised paragraph for clarification purposes

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MG 1-2014 Summary of Changes, Page 3

Changes made for MG 1-2009, Revision 1-2010 are marked by an orange line to the left of the changed material Note: Where text has been revised in more than one version, only the most recent is color-coded

Example of change made for MG 1-2009, Revision 1-2010 Section I, Part 7 7.4.2 Replaced “inches” with “mils” 7.6.1 Revised text Figure 7-1 Renamed figure 7.8.1 Revised text Figure 7-6 Replaced figure Table 7-1 Revised table 7.8.2 Deleted section 7.8.3 Deleted section 7.8.4 Deleted section 7.8.5 Revised reference to table 7.8.6 Revised reference to table 7.9.1 Revised reference to table 7.9.2 Revised text and reference to table 7.9.3 Deleted section Table 7-2 Deleted table Table 7-3 Deleted table Table 7-4 Added table to replace Tables 7-2 and 7-3 Section II, Part 14 14.48 Added section

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MG 1-2014 Summary of Changes, Page 4

Changes made for MG 1-2009 are marked by a red line to the left of the changed material Note: Where text has been revised in more than one version, only the most recent is color-coded

Example of change made for MG 1-2009 Section I, Part 1 1.1 Added: Reference to IEC 60034-30-2008 1.16 Deleted section 1.41.3 Added: Premium Efficiency Motor Section I, Part 2 2.2 Added: “To prevent confusion with the numerals 1 and 0, the letters “I” and “O” shall not be used.” Updated footnote references Added and revised markings Added: Reference to 2.67 for auxiliary devices 2.60.1.2 Revised Figure 2-48B for clarity 2.67 Added: Auxiliary Devices (entire section) Section I, Part 4 Table 4-2 Dimension revised in column 6 Section II, Part 10 Table 10-5 Adjusted table Section II, Part 12 12.41 In table, corrected synchronous speed of the 50 Hz machine 12.60.3 Added: Additional paragraphs, equation, and table Table 12-14 Replaced Table 12-14 12.62 Revised 12.62a For 12.62b and 12.62d, revised minimum insulation resistance Added: Note 12.63 Note 2: Updated reference to 20.8 Section II, Part 13 13.2 Revised frame size Section II, Part 18: 18.131 Figure 18-16: Dimension revised to 5.875 Section III, Part 20: 20.18.1 Revised 20.18.1a For 20.18.1b and 20.18.1d, revised minimum insulation resistance 20.18.2 Revised 20.18.2a For 20.18.2b and 20.18.2d, revised minimum insulation resistance Added: Note Section IV, Part 30: Table 30-1 Revised footnote G.1 reference to 12.53

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MG 1-2014 Summary of Changes, Page 5

Changes made for MG 1-2006 Revision 1, published Nov. 20, 2007 (includes MG 12006 Errata) are marked by a blue line to the left of the changed material Note: Where text has been revised in more than one version, only the most recent is color-coded

Example of change made for MG 1-2006 Revision 1 Contents Entire Table of Contents was revised due to added sections and repagination Section I, Part 1 ® 1.16 NEMA PREMIUM EFFICIENCY ELECTRIC MOTOR TM ® Changed to Deleted general paragraph, added: 1.16.1 60 Hz 1.16.2 50 Hz Section I, Part 2 2.2 2.20.2 2.24 2.60.1.1 2.60.1.2 FIGURE 2-48B 2.61.6

TERMINAL MARKINGS Footnotes Induction Machines DIRECTION OF ROTATION Terminal Markings Using “T” Terminal Markings in Accordance with IEC 60034-8 Using U, V, W Added figure Sixth Revised text

Section I, Part 3 3.1.8 Accessories and Components Inserted sentence Section I, Part 4 4.9.4 Parallelism of Keyseats to Shaft Centerline 4.9.5 Lateral Displacement of Keyseats Figure 4-7 Corrected specifications 4.9.8 Shaft Extension Key(s) Table 4-7 Corrected specifications Section II, Part 10 Ratings—AC Motors 10.38 NAMEPLATE TEMPERATURE RATINGS FOR ALTERNATING-CURRENT SMALL AND UNIVERSAL MOTORS Corrected reference 12.42.3 10.40.1 Medium Single-Phase and Polyphase Squirrel-Cage Motors Corrected references in text and footnote 2 10.42.2 Polyphase Wound-Rotor Motors Corrected references in text Section II, Part 10 Ratings—DC Motors 10.66.2 Small Motors Except Those Rated 1/20 Horsepower and Less Corrected footnote references

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MG 1-2014 Summary of Changes, Page 6 Section II, Part 12 Ratings Tests and Performance —AC Motors 12.42.4 Temperature Rise for Air-Cooled Machines for Ambients Lower than 40º C, but Not Below 0º C (Added section) 12.43.2 Temperature Rise for Air-Cooled Machines for Ambients Lower than 40º C, but Not Below 0º C (Added section) 12.60 EFFICIENCY LEVEL OF PREMIUM EFFICIENCY ELECTRIC MOTORS (Added ® throughout) Tables 12-12 through 12-14 (Added ®) 12-13 FULL-LOAD EFFICIENCIES FOR 60 HZ NEMA PREMIUM® EFFICIENCY ELECTRIC MOTORS (Added ®), edited table title 12.62 MACHINE WITH ENCAPSULATED OR SEALED WINDINGS—CONFORMANCE TESTS (Clarified text in b and d) Section II, Part 12 Ratings Tests and Performance —DC Motors 12.67.5 Temperature Rise for Air-Cooled Machines for Ambients Lower than 40º C, but Not Below 0º C Added section Section II, Part 15 15.41.2 Temperature Rise for Ambients Higher than 40ºC Added section Section III, Part 20 20.8.1 Machines with a 1.0 Service Factor at Rated Load Corrected reference in footnote 20.8.2 Machines with a 1.15 Service Factor at Service Factor Load Corrected reference in footnote 20.18.1 Test for Stator Which Can Be Submerged Clarified text in b and d 20.18.2 Test for Stator Which Can Be Submerged Clarified text in b and d Section III, Part 20 21.10.5 Temperature Rise for Air-Cooled Motors for Ambients Lower than 40º C, but Not Below 0º C Deleted lower ambients in a and b 21.28.3 Unusual Service Conditions Corrected references in subclause b. 21.37 COMPRESSOR FACTORS Corrected reference 21.38 SURGE CAPABILITIES OF AC WINDINGS WITH FORM-WOUND COILS Corrected reference Section III, Part 23 23.9.3 Temperature Rise for Air-Cooled Machines for Ambients Lower than 40º C, but Not Below 0º C Added section Section III, Part 24 24.40.3 Temperature Rise for Air-Cooled Machines for Ambients Lower than 40º C, but Not Below 0º C Added section

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MG 1-2014 Summary of Changes, Page 7

Section IV, Part 31 31.4.1.6 Temperature Rise for Air-Cooled Machines for Ambients Lower than 40º C, but Not Below 0º C Added section Section IV, Part 32 Table 32-3 corrected reference 32.6.2 Temperature Rise for Air-Cooled Machines for Ambients Lower than 40º C, but Not Below 0º C Added section 32.26 GENERATOR TERMINAL HOUSING Added “housing” Section IV, Part 33 33.3.2.5 Temperature Rise for Air-Cooled Machines for Ambients Lower than 40º C, but Not Below 0º C Added section

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MG 1-2014 Summary of Changes, Page 8

Changes made for MG 1-2003 Revision 2, published as MG 1-2006, are marked by a purple line to the left of the changed material Note: Where text has been revised in more than one version, only the most recent is color-coded

Example of change made for MG 1-2003 Revision 2, published as MG 1-2006 Section I, Part 1 1.1 Referenced Standards updated to reflect current editions 1.70 NAMEPLATE MARKING Entire section added Section I, Part 3 3.1.8 Accessories and Components Correction 3.1.11 Tests of an Assembled Group of Machines and Apparatus Correction Section I, Part 4 4.4.1 Dimensions for Alternating-Current Foot-Mounted Machines with Single Straight-Shaft Extension Notes correction 4.4.2 Notes correction 4.4.3 Notes correction 4.5.1 Notes correction 4.5.2 Notes correction 4.5.3 Notes 4.9.3 Bottom of Keyseat to Shaft Surface Figure 4-7 Corrected dimension 4.9.8 Shaft Extension Key(s) correction Section I, Part 9 9.1 SCOPE changed “electrical motors” to “machines” 9.4 METHODS OF MEASUREMENT updated references to ANSI standards 9.4.2 “The” (added; “Either” deleted) method specified in ANSI S12.56 may be used. 9.6.2 Corrected reference to 9.6.2b Table 9-4 Updated ANSI standard references; added third column Section II, Part 10 10.39 corrected section reference 10.39.6 deleted 10.40.1 Medium Single-Phase and Polyphase Squirrel-Cage Motors corrected section reference 10.66 NAMEPLATE MARKING correction 10.66.3 Medium Motors correction Section II, Part 12 12.3 HIGH-POTENTIAL TEST VOLTAGES FOR UNIVERSAL, INDUCTION, AND DIRECTCURRENT MOTORS

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MG 1-2014 Summary of Changes, Page 9

12.35

12.40.1

12.40.2

12.54.1 12.54.3 Table 12-7

Corrections to Effective Test Voltage Corrections to Note 3— 80 percent LOCKED-ROTOR CURRENT OF 3-PHASE SMALL AND MEDIUM SQUIRREL-CAGE INDUCTION MOTORS deleted reference “60-hertz” and “rated at 230 volts” Design A and B Motors The pull-up torque of Design A and B Added: 60- and 50-hertz Design C Motors The pull-up torque of Design C Added: 60- and 50-hertz, single speed, polyphase squirrel-cage medium motors Normal Starting Conditions Considerations for Additional Starts SQUIRREL-CAGE INDUCTION MOTORS Revised specifications

Section II, Part 14 14.43 ASEISMATIC CAPABILITY Table 14-1 MEDIUM MOTORS—POLYPHASE INDUCTION Correction to conventional specifications Section II, Part 15 15.12 NAMEPLATE MARKING Section II Part 18 Added and corrected headers throughout (editorial)  DEFINITE PURPOSE MACHINES  MOTORS FOR HERMETIC REFRIGERATION COMPRESSORS  SMALL MOTORS FOR AIR CONDITIONING CONDENSERS AND EVAPORATOR FANS  SMALL MOTORS FOR GASOLINE DISPENSING PUMPS  SMALL MOTORS FOR HOME LAUNDRY EQUIPMENT  MEDIUM AC POLYPHASE ELEVATOR MOTORS  MEDIUM AC CRANE MOTORS  MEDIUM SHELL-TYPE MOTORS FOR WOODWORKING AND MACHINETOOL APPLICATIONS 18.9 VARIATIONS updated reference to 12.44 18.27 VARIATIONS FROM RATED VOLTAGE AND RATED FREQUENCY updated reference to 12.44 18.41 VARIATIONS FROM RATED VOLTAGE AND RATED FREQUENCY updated reference to 12.44 18.52 VARIATIONS FROM RATED VOLTAGE AND RATED FREQUENCY updated reference to 12.44 18.74 VARIATIONS FROM RATED VOLTAGE AND RATED FREQUENCY updated reference to 12.44 18.101 VARIATIONS FROM RATED VOLTAGE AND RATED FREQUENCY updated reference to 12.44 18.111 NAMEPLATE MARKING 18.116 VARIATIONS FROM RATED VOLTAGE AND RATED FREQUENCY updated reference to 12.44 18.128 VARIATIONS FROM RATED VOLTAGE AND RATED FREQUENCY updated reference to 12.44 18.142 VARIATIONS FROM RATED VOLTAGE AND RATED FREQUENCY updated reference to 12.44

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MG 1-2014 Summary of Changes, Page 10 18.152 18.153 18.165 18.166 18.177 18.178 18.210 18.211 18.216 18.225 18.230

18.247 18.264 18.269.1 18.269.2

VARIATIONS FROM RATED VOLTAGE AND RATED FREQUENCY updated reference to 12.44 VARIATIONS FROM RATED VOLTAGE AND RATED FREQUENCY updated reference to 12.44 VARIATIONS FROM RATED VOLTAGE AND RATED FREQUENCY updated reference to 12.44 VARIATIONS FROM RATED VOLTAGE AND RATED FREQUENCY updated reference to 12.44 VARIATIONS FROM RATED VOLTAGE AND RATED FREQUENCY updated reference to 12.44 VARIATIONS FROM RATED VOLTAGE AND RATED FREQUENCY updated reference to 12.44 VARIATIONS FROM RATED VOLTAGE AND RATED FREQUENCY updated reference to 12.44 NAMEPLATE MARKING NAMEPLATE MARKING (Revised reference) VARIATIONS FROM RATED VOLTAGE AND RATED FREQUENCY updated reference to 12.44 DIMENSIONS AND TOLERANCES FOR ALTERNATING-CURRENT OPEN AND TOTALLY ENCLOSED WOUND-ROTOR CRANE MOTORS HAVING ANTIFRICTION BEARINGS Deleted note VARIATIONS FROM RATED VOLTAGE AND RATED FREQUENCY updated reference to 12.44 NAMEPLATE MARKING AC Torque Motors DC Torque Motors

Section III Part 20 20.5 VOLTAGE RATINGS (complete replacement of existing text) 20.7.3.1 General 20.8.5 Temperature Rise for Air-Cooled Machines for Ambients Lower than 40º C, but Not Below 0 º C Added section 20.10.3 Motor Torques When Customer Specifies A Custom Load Curve Added 20.10.4 Motor with 4.5 pu and Lower Locked-Rotor Current Added 20.11 LOAD WK2 FOR POLYPHASE SQUIRREL-CAGE INDUCTION MOTORS 20.24.2 Voltage Unbalance Defined Corrected specification in example 20.25 For some examples of additional information that may be included on the nameplate see 1.70.2. 20.25.5 Deleted 20.27 EMBEDDED TEMPERATURE DETECTORS Revised text and dimensions in table 20.31.3 Units for Capability Requirements 20.35.8 Test Voltage Values Section III Part 21 21.5 VOLTAGE RATINGS Revised specification 21.5.1 Voltage Ratings Added 21.5.2 Preferred motor output/voltage rating Added

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MG 1-2014 Summary of Changes, Page 11

21.8.3.1 21.10.5

21.11 21.11.1 21.11.2 21.25

General o o Temperature Rise for Air-Cooled Motors for Ambients Lower than 40 C, but not Below 0 C Added section deleted text General Added Motor Torques When Customer Supplies Load Curve For some examples of additional information that may be included on the nameplate see 1.70.2. Added

Section III Part 23 23.13 EFFICIENCY 23.24 For some examples of additional information that may be included on the nameplate see 1.70.2. Added Section III Part 24 24.61 NAMEPLATE MARKING Section IV Part 30 30.1.3 Power Factor Correction Figure 30-2 THE EFFECT OF REDUCED COOLING ON THE TORQUE CAPABILITY AT REDUCED SPEEDS OF 60 HZ NEMA DESIGN A AND B MOTORS 30.2.2.2.4 Motor Torque During Operation Above Base Speed 30.2.2.8 Voltage Stress Section IV Part 31 31.5.1 Variable Torque Applications Section IV Part 30 32.24 NAMEPLATE MARKING Revised additional information Section IV Part 30 33.3.2.2 Embedded Temperature Detectors Index Revised references throughout

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MG 1-2014 Summary of Changes, Page 12

Changes made for MG 1-2003, Revision 1-2004 are marked by a green line to the left of the changed material Note: Where text has been revised in more than one version, only the most recent is color-coded

Example of change made for MG 1-2003 Revision 1-2004 Contents pages vii, viii, xii, xv, xxvii Section I, Part 5 5.1 Scope 5.3.4 Table 5-1 5.4.1 Indication of Degree of Protection 5.6 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR TESTS 5.7 TESTS FOR FIRST CHARACTERISTIC NUMERAL Table 5-3: TEST AND ACCEPTANCE CONDITIONS FOR FIRST CHARACTERISTIC NUMERAL 5.8.1 Test Conditions 5.8.2.1 Allowable Water Leakage 5.8.2.2 Post Water Electrical Test Figure 5-1: STANDARD TEST FINGER NOTES— Figure 5-2 Added: (Reproduced with permission of the IEC, which retains the copyright.) Figure 5-3 Added: (Reproduced with permission of the IEC, which retains the copyright.) Figure 5-4 Added: (Reproduced with permission of the IEC, which retains the copyright.) Figure 5-5 Added: (Reproduced with permission of the IEC, which retains the copyright.) Figure 5-6 Added: (Reproduced with permission of the IEC, which retains the copyright.) Section II, Part 12 12.51.1 General-Purpose Alternating-Current Motors of the Open Type Table 12-4 Note: *In the case of polyphase squirrel-cage motors, these service factors apply only to Design A, B, and C motors. 12.51.2 Other Motors 12.58.2 Efficiency of Polyphase Squirrel-Cage Medium Motors with Continuous Ratings Section II DC SMALL AND MEDIUM MOTORS Added Header (editorial) to odd pages Section II, Part 14 14.3 UNUSUAL SERVICE CONDITIONS b. Operation where: (revised text) 1. There is excessive departure from rated voltage or frequency, or both (see 12.44 for alternating current motors and 12.68 for direct-current motors) 3. The alternating-current supply voltage is unbalanced by more than 1 percent (see 12.45 and 14.36) 14.42 APPLICATION OF V-BELT SHEAVES TO ALTERNATING CURRENT MOTORS HAVING ANTIFRICTION BEARINGS 14.42.1 Dimensions 14.42.1.1 Selected Motor Ratings 14.42.1.2 Other Motor Ratings 14.42.2 Radial Overhung Load Limitations Table 14-1 Note: The width of the sheave shall be not greater than that required to transmit the indicated horsepower but in no case shall it be wider than 2(N-W) - 0.25. Table 14-1A Added 2004

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MG 1-2014 Summary of Changes, Page 13

Section III, Part 20 20.17.2 Test Voltage—Primary Windings Footnote Section III, Part 21 21.35.1 Undamped Natural Frequency Section IV, Part 30 30.0 SCOPE 30.2.2.2.2 Torque Derating Based on Reduction in Cooling 30.2.2.2.4 Motor Torque During Operation Above Base Speed Figure 30-4 Notes Figure 30-4 Note: a. Standard NEMA Design A and B motors in frames per Part 13. Index Revised references on pages 3, 4, 5

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MG 1-2014 Summary of Changes, Page 14

Changes made for MG 1-2011 are marked by a teal line to the left of the changed material Note: Where

text has been revised in more than one version, only the most recent is color-coded

Example of change made for MG 1-2011 Part I, Section I 1.41.2 1.41.3

Addition of or 20.21 B Addition of or 20.21 C

Part 12, Section II 12.59 Addition of RANDOM WOUND Table 12-11 Addition of (RANDOM WOUND) to open and enclosed motor table title Table 12-12 Removed open and enclosed motor table efficiency values for 6 pole 300-500HP motors and added 8 pole efficiency values Table 12-13 Removed table efficiency values for 6 pole 400, 450 and 500 HP motors and added 8 pole efficiency values Table 12-14 Removed efficiency values for 6 pole 400, 450 and 500 HP motors Part 20, Section III 20.21 Revised 20.21A Added efficiency of polyphase squirrel cage large motors with continuous ratings 20.21B Added efficiency levels of energy efficient polyphase squirrel-cage random wound large induction Motors Table 20-A Addition of full load efficiency table 20.21C Addition of efficiency level of premium efficiency large electric motors 20.21.C.1 Addition of 60Hz motors rated 600 volts or less Table 20-B Addition of full load premium efficiency table 20.21.C.2 Addition of 60Hz motors rated 5000 volts or less Table 20-C Addition of full load efficiency values for 60Hz premium efficiency of motors rated 5000Volts or less 20.21.C.3 Addition of 50Hz motors rated 600volts or less Table 20-D Addition of full load efficiency values for 50Hz premium efficiency motors 600 volts or less 20.25.1 Addition of item l,

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MG 1-2014 Page i CONTENTS Page No. Foreword .......................................................................................................................................... xxxv Section I GENERAL STANDARDS APPLYING TO ALL MACHINES Part 1—REFERENCED STANDARDS AND DEFINITIONS ............................................................ 1-1 1.1 REFERENCED STANDARDS .............................................................................................. 1-1 DEFINITIONS .................................................................................................................................... 1-5 CLASSIFICATION ACCORDING TO SIZE ...................................................................................... 1-5 1.2 MACHINE ............................................................................................................................. 1-5 1.3 SMALL (FRACTIONAL) MACHINE ...................................................................................... 1-5 1.4 MEDIUM (INTEGRAL) MACHINE ........................................................................................ 1-5 1.4.1 Alternating-Current Medium Machine ......................................................................... 1-5 1.4.2 Direct-Current Medium Machine ................................................................................. 1-5 1.5 LARGE MACHINE ................................................................................................................ 1-5 1.5.1 Alternating-Current Large Machine............................................................................. 1-5 1.5.2 Direct-Current Large Machine .................................................................................... 1-6 CLASSIFICATION ACCORDING TO APPLICATION ...................................................................... 1-6 1.6 GENERAL PURPOSE MOTOR ............................................................................................ 1-6 1.6.1 General-Purpose Alternating-Current Motor ............................................................... 1-6 1.6.2 General-Purpose Direct-Current Small Motor ............................................................ 1-6 1.7 GENERAL-PURPOSE GENERATOR .................................................................................. 1-6 1.8 INDUSTRIAL SMALL MOTOR ............................................................................................. 1-6 1.9 INDUSTRIAL DIRECT-CURRENT MEDIUM MOTOR ......................................................... 1-6 1.10 INDUSTRIAL DIRECT-CURRENT GENERATOR ............................................................... 1-6 1.11 DEFINITE-PURPOSE MOTOR ............................................................................................ 1-7 1.12 GENERAL INDUSTRIAL MOTORS ..................................................................................... 1-7 1.13 METAL ROLLING MILL MOTORS ....................................................................................... 1-7 1.14 REVERSING HOT MILL MOTORS ...................................................................................... 1-7 1.15 SPECIAL-PURPOSE MOTOR ............................................................................................. 1-7 CLASSIFICATION ACCORDING TO ELECTRICAL TYPE ............................................................. 1-8 1.17 GENERAL ............................................................................................................................. 1-8 1.17.1 Electric Motor ............................................................................................................. 1-8 1.17.2 Electric Generator ...................................................................................................... 1-8 1.17.3 Electric Machines ....................................................................................................... 1-8 1.18 ALTERNATING-CURRENT MOTORS ................................................................................. 1-9 1.18.1 Induction Motor .......................................................................................................... 1-9 1.18.2 Synchronous Motor .................................................................................................... 1-9 1.18.3 Series-Wound Motor ................................................................................................ 1-10 1.19 POLYPHASE MOTORS ..................................................................................................... 1-10 1.19.1 Design Letters of Polyphase Squirrel-Cage Medium Motors .................................. 1-10 1.20 SINGLE-PHASE MOTORS ................................................................................................ 1-10 1.20.1 Design Letters of Single-Phase Small Motors ......................................................... 1-10 1.20.2 Design Letters of Single-Phase Medium Motors ..................................................... 1-11 1.20.3 Single-Phase Squirrel-Cage Motors ........................................................................ 1-11 1.20.4 Single-Phase Wound-Rotor Motors ......................................................................... 1-12 1.21 UNIVERSAL MOTORS ....................................................................................................... 1-12 1.21.1 Series-Wound Motor ................................................................................................ 1-12 1.21.2 Compensated Series-Wound Motor ........................................................................ 1-12 1.22 ALTERNATING-CURRENT GENERATORS ..................................................................... 1-12 1.22.1 Induction Generator ................................................................................................. 1-12 1.22.2 Synchronous Generator ........................................................................................... 1-13 1.23 DIRECT-CURRENT MOTORS ........................................................................................... 1-13 1.23.1 Shunt-Wound Motor ................................................................................................. 1-13 1.23.2 Series-Wound Motor ................................................................................................ 1-13

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MG 1-2014 Page ii 1.23.3 Compound-Wound Motor ........................................................................................ 1-13 1.23.4 Permanent Magnet Motor ........................................................................................ 1-13 1.24 DIRECT-CURRENT GENERATORS ................................................................................. 1-13 1.24.1 Shunt-Wound Generator .......................................................................................... 1-13 1.24.2 Compound-Wound Generator ................................................................................. 1-13 CLASSIFICATION ACCORDING TO ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AND METHODS OF COOLING .................................................................................................................................. 1-14 1.25 OPEN MACHINE (IP00, IC01) ............................................................................................ 1-14 1.25.1 Dripproof Machine (IP12, IC01) ............................................................................... 1-14 1.25.2 Splash-Proof Machine (IP13, IC01) ......................................................................... 1-14 1.25.3 Semi-Guarded Machine (IC01) ................................................................................ 1-14 1.25.4 Guarded Machine (IC01) ......................................................................................... 1-14 1.25.5 Dripproof Guarded Machine (IC01) ......................................................................... 1-17 1.25.6 Open Independently Ventilated Machine (IC06)...................................................... 1-17 1.25.7 Open Pipe-Ventilated Machine ................................................................................ 1-17 1.25.8 Weather-Protected Machine .................................................................................... 1-17 1.26 TOTALLY ENCLOSED MACHINE ..................................................................................... 1-17 1.26.1 Totally Enclosed Nonventilated Machine (IC410).................................................... 1-17 1.26.2 Totally Enclosed Fan-Cooled Machine .................................................................... 1-17 1.26.3 Totally Enclosed Fan-Cooled Guarded Machine (IC411) ........................................ 1-18 1.26.4 Totally Enclosed Pipe-Ventilated Machine (IP44) ................................................... 1-18 1.26.5 Totally Enclosed Water-Cooled Machine (IP54) ...................................................... 1-18 1.26.6 Water-Proof Machine (IP55) .................................................................................... 1-18 1.26.7 Totally Enclosed Air-to-Water-Cooled Machine (IP54) ............................................ 1-18 1.26.8 Totally Enclosed Air-to-Air-Cooled Machine (IP54) ................................................. 1-18 1.26.9 Totally Enclosed Air-Over Machine (IP54, IC417) ................................................... 1-18 1.26.10 Explosion-Proof Machine ....................................................................................... 1-19 1.26.11 Dust-Ignition-Proof Machine .................................................................................. 1-19 1.27 MACHINE WITH ENCAPSULATED OR SEALED WINDINGS .......................................... 1-19 1.27.1 Machine with Moisture Resistant Windings ............................................................. 1-19 1.27.2 Machine with Sealed Windings ................................................................................ 1-19 CLASSIFICATION ACCORDING TO VARIABILITY OF SPEED .................................................. 1-19 1.30 CONSTANT-SPEED MOTOR ............................................................................................ 1-19 1.31 VARYING-SPEED MOTOR ................................................................................................ 1-19 1.32 ADJUSTABLE-SPEED MOTOR ......................................................................................... 1-20 1.33 BASE SPEED OF AN ADJUSTABLE-SPEED MOTOR ..................................................... 1-20 1.34 ADJUSTABLE VARYING-SPEED MOTOR........................................................................ 1-20 1.35 MULTISPEED MOTOR....................................................................................................... 1-20 RATING, PERFORMANCE, AND TEST ......................................................................................... 1-20 1.40 RATING OF A MACHINE ................................................................................................... 1-20 1.40.1 Continuous Rating ................................................................................................... 1-20 1.40.2 Short-Time Rating .................................................................................................... 1-20 1.41 EFFICIENCY ....................................................................................................................... 1-20 1.41.1 General .................................................................................................................... 1-20 1.41.2 Energy Efficient Polyphase Squirrel-Cage Induction Motor .................................... 1-20 1.41.3 Premium Efficiency Motor ........................................................................................ 1-21 1.42 SERVICE FACTOR—AC MOTORS ................................................................................... 1-21 1.43 SPEED REGULATION OF DC MOTORS .......................................................................... 1-21 1.43.1 Percent Compounding of Direct-Current Machines ................................................. 1-21 1.44 VOLTAGE REGULATION OF DIRECT-CURRENT GENERATORS ................................. 1-21 1.45 SECONDARY VOLTAGE OF WOUND-MOTOR ROTORS ............................................... 1-21 1.46 FULL-LOAD TORQUE ........................................................................................................ 1-21 1.47 LOCKED-ROTOR TORQUE (STATIC TORQUE) .............................................................. 1-21 1.48 PULL-UP TORQUE ............................................................................................................ 1-21 1.49 PUSHOVER TORQUE ....................................................................................................... 1-21 1.50 BREAKDOWN TORQUE .................................................................................................... 1-22

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PULL-OUT TORQUE .......................................................................................................... 1-22 PULL-IN TORQUE .............................................................................................................. 1-22 LOCKED-ROTOR CURRENT ............................................................................................ 1-22 NO-LOAD CURRENT ........................................................................................................ 1-22 TEMPERATURE TESTS .................................................................................................... 1-22 AMBIENT TEMPERATURE ................................................................................................ 1-22 HIGH-POTENTIAL TESTS ................................................................................................. 1-22 STARTING CAPACITANCE FOR A CAPACITOR MOTOR .............................................. 1-22 RADIAL MAGNETIC PULL AND AXIAL CENTERING FORCE ......................................... 1-23 1.59.1 Radial Magnetic Pull ................................................................................................ 1-23 1.59.2 Axial Centering Force .............................................................................................. 1-23 1.60 INDUCTION MOTOR TIME CONSTANTS......................................................................... 1-23 1.60.1 General .................................................................................................................... 1-23 1.60.2 Open-Circuit AC Time Constant .............................................................................. 1-23 1.60.3 Short-Circuit AC Time Constant .............................................................................. 1-23 1.60.4 Short-Circuit DC Time Constant .............................................................................. 1-23 1.60.5 X/R Ratio .................................................................................................................. 1-23 1.60.6 Definitions (See Figure 1-4) ..................................................................................... 1-23 COMPLETE MACHINES AND PARTS ........................................................................................... 1-24 1.61 SYNCHRONOUS GENERATOR—COMPLETE ................................................................ 1-24 1.61.1 Belted Type .............................................................................................................. 1-24 1.61.2 Engine Type ............................................................................................................. 1-24 1.61.3 Coupled Type........................................................................................................... 1-24 1.62 DIRECT-CURRENT GENERATOR—COMPLETE ............................................................ 1-24 1.62.1 Belted Type .............................................................................................................. 1-24 1.62.2 Engine Type ............................................................................................................. 1-24 1.62.3 Coupled Type........................................................................................................... 1-24 1.63 FACE AND FLANGE MOUNTING...................................................................................... 1-25 1.63.1 Type C Face ............................................................................................................ 1-25 1.63.2 Type D Flange ......................................................................................................... 1-25 1.63.3 Type P Flange.......................................................................................................... 1-25 CLASSIFICATION OF INSULATION SYSTEMS ........................................................................... 1-25 1.65 INSULATION SYSTEM DEFINED ...................................................................................... 1-25 1.65.1 Coil Insulation with its Accessories .......................................................................... 1-25 1.65.2 Connection and Winding Support Insulation ........................................................... 1-25 1.65.3 Associated Structural Parts ..................................................................................... 1-25 1.66 CLASSIFICATION OF INSULATION SYSTEMS ............................................................... 1-25 MISCELLANEOUS .......................................................................................................................... 1-26 1.70 NAMEPLATE MARKING .................................................................................................... 1-26 1.70.1 Nameplate................................................................................................................ 1-26 1.70.2 Additional Nameplate Markings ............................................................................... 1-26 1.71 CODE LETTER ................................................................................................................... 1-27 1.72 THERMAL PROTECTOR ................................................................................................... 1-27 1.73 THERMALLY PROTECTED ............................................................................................... 1-27 1.74 OVER TEMPERATURE PROTECTION ............................................................................. 1-27 1.75 PART-WINDING START MOTOR ...................................................................................... 1-27 1.76 STAR (WYE) START, DELTA RUN MOTOR ..................................................................... 1-27 1.77 CONSTANT FLUX .............................................................................................................. 1-27 1.78 DEVIATION FACTOR ......................................................................................................... 1-28 1.79 MARKING ABBREVIATIONS FOR MACHINES ................................................................ 1-28 Section I GENERAL STANDARDS APPLYING TO ALL MACHINES Part 2—TERMINAL MARKINGS GENERAL.......................................................................................................................................... 2-1 2.1 LOCATION OF TERMINAL MARKINGS .............................................................................. 2-1 2.2 TERMINAL MARKINGS........................................................................................................ 2-1

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DIRECTION OF ROTATION ................................................................................................ 2-2 2.3.1 Alternating-Current Machines ..................................................................................... 2-2 2.3.2 Direct-Current Machines ............................................................................................. 2-2 2.3.3 Motor-Generator Sets ................................................................................................. 2-2 DC MOTORS AND GENERATORS .................................................................................................. 2-2 2.10 TERMINAL MARKINGS........................................................................................................ 2-2 2.10.1 General ...................................................................................................................... 2-2 2.10.2 Armature Leads ......................................................................................................... 2-2 2.10.3 Armature Leads—Direction of Rotation ..................................................................... 2-2 2.11 TERMINAL MARKINGS FOR DUAL VOLTAGE SHUNT FIELDS ....................................... 2-2 2.12 DIRECTION OF ROTATION ................................................................................................ 2-3 2.12.1 Direct-Current Motors ................................................................................................ 2-3 2.12.2 Direct-Current Generators ......................................................................................... 2-3 2.12.3 Reverse Function ....................................................................................................... 2-3 2.13 CONNECTION DIAGRAMS WITH TERMINAL MARKINGS FOR DIRECT-CURRENT MOTORS ............................................................................................. 2-3 2.14 CONNECTION DIAGRAMS WITH TERMINAL MARKINGS FOR DIRECT-CURRENT GENERATORS ................................................................................... 2-7 AC MOTORS AND GENERATORS .................................................................................................. 2-9 2.20 NUMERALS ON TERMINALS OF ALTERNATING-CURRENT POLYPHASE MACHINES .................................................................................................... 2-9 2.20.1 Synchronous Machines ............................................................................................. 2-9 2.20.2 Induction Machines .................................................................................................... 2-9 2.21 DEFINITION OF PHASE SEQUENCE ................................................................................. 2-9 2.22 PHASE SEQUENCE............................................................................................................. 2-9 2.23 DIRECTION OF ROTATION OF PHASORS ........................................................................ 2-9 2.24 DIRECTION OF ROTATION .............................................................................................. 2-10 AC GENERATORS AND SYNCHRONOUS MOTORS .................................................................. 2-10 2.25 REVERSAL OF ROTATION, POLARITY AND PHASE SEQUENCE ................................ 2-10 2.30 CONNECTION AND TERMINAL MARKINGS—ALTERNATINGCURRENT GENERATORS AND SYNCHRONOUS MOTORS— THREE-PHASE AND SINGLE-PHASE .............................................................................. 2-10 SINGLE PHASE MOTORS ............................................................................................................. 2-11 2.40 GENERAL ........................................................................................................................... 2-11 2.40.1 Dual Voltage ............................................................................................................ 2-11 2.40.2 Single Voltage .......................................................................................................... 2-11 2.41 TERMINAL MARKINGS IDENTIFIED BY COLOR ............................................................. 2-12 2.42 AUXILIARY DEVICES WITHIN MOTOR ............................................................................ 2-12 2.43 AUXILIARY DEVICES EXTERNAL TO MOTOR ................................................................ 2-12 2.44 MARKING OF RIGIDLY MOUNTED TERMINALS ............................................................. 2-12 2.45 INTERNAL AUXILIARY DEVICES PERMANENTLY CONNECTED TO RIGIDLY MOUNTED TERMINALS............................................................................... 2-13 2.46 GENERAL PRINCIPLES FOR TERMINAL MARKINGS FOR SINGLE-PHASE MOTORS ................................................................................................ 2-13 2.46.1 First Principle ........................................................................................................... 2-13 2.46.2 Second Principle ...................................................................................................... 2-13 2.46.3 Third Principle .......................................................................................................... 2-13 2.47 SCHEMATIC DIAGRAMS FOR SPLIT-PHASE MOTORS— SINGLE VOLTAGE—REVERSIBLE .................................................................................. 2-14 2.47.1 Without Thermal Protector ....................................................................................... 2-14 2.47.2 With Thermal Protector ............................................................................................ 2-14 2.48 SCHEMATIC DIAGRAMS FOR CAPACITOR-START MOTORS— REVERSIBLE ..................................................................................................................... 2-15 2.48.1 Single-Voltage Capacitor-start Motors—Reversible ................................................ 2-15 2.48.2 Dual-Voltage Capacitor-start Motors—Reversible................................................... 2-16

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SCHEMATIC DIAGRAMS FOR TWO-VALUE CAPACITOR MOTORS—SINGLE VOLTAGE—REVERSIBLE ............................................................... 2-20 2.49.1 Without Thermal Protector ....................................................................................... 2-20 2.49.2 With Thermal Protector ............................................................................................ 2-21 SCHEMATIC DIAGRAMS FOR PERMANENT-SPLIT CAPACITOR MOTORS—SINGLE VOLTAGE—REVERSIBLE ............................................................... 2-22 SCHEMATIC DIAGRAMS FOR UNIVERSAL MOTORS— SINGLE VOLTAGE ............................................................................................................. 2-23 SCHEMATIC DIAGRAMS FOR REPULSION, REPULSION-START INDUCTION, AND REPULSION-INDUCTION MOTORS .................................................. 2-24 SHADED-POLE MOTORS—TWO SPEED ........................................................................ 2-25 GENERAL PRINCIPLES FOR TERMINAL MARKINGS FOR POLYPHASE INDUCTION MOTORS ................................................................................ 2-25 2.60.1 Method of Marking ................................................................................................... 2-25 2.60.2 Three-Phase, Two Speed Motors ............................................................................ 2-27 2.60.3 Two-Phase Motors ................................................................................................... 2-27 TERMINAL MARKINGS FOR THREE-PHASE SINGLE-SPEED INDUCTION MOTORS ....................................................................................................... 2-27 2.61.1 First .......................................................................................................................... 2-27 2.61.2 Second ..................................................................................................................... 2-27 2.61.3 Third ......................................................................................................................... 2-27 2.61.4 Fourth ....................................................................................................................... 2-27 2.61.5 Fifth .......................................................................................................................... 2-27 2.61.6 Sixth ......................................................................................................................... 2-28 TERMINAL MARKINGS FOR Y- AND DELTA-CONNECTED DUAL VOLTAGE MOTORS ............................................................................................... 2-28 TERMINAL MARKINGS FOR THREE-PHASE TWO-SPEED SINGLE-WINDING INDUCTION MOTORS........................................................................ 2-28 TERMINAL MARKINGS FOR Y- AND DELTA-CONNECTED THREE-PHASE TWO-SPEED SINGLE-WINDING MOTORS ........................................... 2-28 TERMINAL MARKINGS FOR THREE-PHASE INDUCTION MOTORS HAVING TWO OR MORE SYNCHRONOUS SPEEDS OBTAINED FROM TWO OR MORE INDEPENDENT WINDINGS .................................... 2-34 2.65.1 Each Independent Winding Giving One Speed ....................................................... 2-34 2.65.2 Each Independent Winding Reconnectible to Give Two Synchronous Speeds ............................................................................................... 2-34 2.65.3 Two or More Independent Windings at Least One of Which Gives One Synchronous Speed and the Other Winding Gives Two Synchronous Speeds ............................................................................. 2-35 TERMINAL MARKINGS OF THE ROTORS OF WOUND-ROTOR INDUCTION MOTORS ....................................................................................................... 2-38 TERMINAL MARKINGS...................................................................................................... 2-38

Section I GENERAL STANDARDS APPLYING TO ALL MACHINES Part 3—HIGH-POTENTIAL TESTS 3.1 HIGH-POTENTIAL TESTS ................................................................................................... 3-1 3.1.1 Safety .......................................................................................................................... 3-1 3.1.2 Definition ..................................................................................................................... 3-1 3.1.3 Procedure ................................................................................................................... 3-1 3.1.4 Test Voltage ................................................................................................................ 3-1 3.1.5 Condition of Machine to be Tested ............................................................................. 3-1 3.1.6 Duration of Application of Test Voltage ...................................................................... 3-1 3.1.7 Points of Application of Test Voltage .......................................................................... 3-2 3.1.8 Accessories and Components .................................................................................... 3-2 3.1.9 Evaluation of Dielectric Failure ................................................................................... 3-2 3.1.10 Initial Test at Destination ........................................................................................... 3-2

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MG 1-2014 Page vi 3.1.11 Tests of an Assembled Group of Machines and Apparatus ...................................... 3-2 3.1.12 Additional Tests Made After Installation .................................................................... 3-3 Section I GENERAL STANDARDS APPLYING TO ALL MACHINES Part 4—DIMENSIONS, TOLERANCES, AND MOUNTING 4.1 LETTERING OF DIMENSION SHEETS ............................................................................... 4-1 4.2 SYSTEM FOR DESIGNATING FRAMES........................................................................... 4-10 4.2.1 Frame Numbers ........................................................................................................ 4-10 4.2.2 Frame Letters............................................................................................................ 4-11 4.3 MOTOR MOUNTING AND TERMINAL HOUSING LOCATION......................................... 4-12 4.4 DIMENSIONS—AC MACHINES ........................................................................................ 4-14 4.4.1 Dimensions for Alternating-Current Foot-Mounted Machines with Single Straight-Shaft Extension ........................................................ 4-14 4.4.2 Shaft Extensions and Key Dimensions for AlternatingCurrent Foot-Mounted Machines with Single Tapered or Double Straight/Tapered Shaft Extension ................................................................ 4-16 4.4.3 Shaft Extension Diameters and Key Dimensions for Alternating-Current Motors Built in Frames Larger than the 449T Frames .............. 4-17 4.4.4 Dimensions for Type C Face-Mounting Foot or Footless Alternating-Current Motors ........................................................................................ 4-17 4.4.5 Dimensions for Type FC Face Mounting for Accessories on End of Alternating-Current Motors ....................................................................... 4-18 4.4.6 Dimensions for Type D Flange-Mounting Foot or Footless Alternating-Current Motors ........................................................................................ 4-19 4.5 DIMENSIONS—DC MACHINES ........................................................................................ 4-20 4.5.1 Dimensions for Direct-Current Small Motors with Single Straight Shaft Extension ................................................................................ 4-20 4.5.2 Dimensions for Foot-Mounted Industrial Direct-Current Machines .......................... 4-21 4.5.3 Dimensions for Foot-Mounted Industrial Direct-Current Motors ............................... 4-25 4.5.4 Dimensions for Type C Face-Mounting Direct-Current Small Motors ............................................................................................................. 4-26 4.5.5 Dimensions for Type C Face-Mounting Industrial Direct-Current Motors................ 4-26 4.5.6 Dimensions for Type C Face-Mounting Industrial Direct-Current Motors................. 4-27 4.5.7 Dimensions for Type D Flange-Mounting Industrial Direct-Current Motors.............. 4-27 4.5.8 Base Dimensions for Type P and PH Vertical Solid-Shaft Industrial Direct-Current Motors ................................................................................ 4-28 4.5.9 Dimensions for Type FC Face Mounting for Accessories on End Opposite Drive End of Industrial Direct-Current Motors ............................... 4-28 4.6 SHAFT EXTENSION DIAMETERS FOR UNIVERSAL MOTORS ..................................... 4-28 4.7 TOLERANCE LIMITS IN DIMENSIONS ............................................................................. 4-29 4.8 KNOCKOUT AND CLEARANCE HOLE DIAMETER FOR MACHINE TERMINAL BOXES ............................................................................................................ 4-29 4.9 TOLERANCES ON SHAFT EXTENSION DIAMETERS AND KEYSEATS ......................................................................................................................... 4-29 4.9.1 Shaft Extension Diameter ......................................................................................... 4-29 4.9.2 Keyseat Width ........................................................................................................... 4-29 4.9.3 Bottom of Keyseat to Shaft Surface.......................................................................... 4-29 4.9.4 Parallelism of Keyseats to Shaft Centerline ............................................................. 4-30 4.9.5 Lateral Displacement of Keyseats ............................................................................ 4-30 4.9.6 Diameters and Keyseat Dimensions......................................................................... 4-30 4.9.7 Shaft Runout ............................................................................................................. 4-30 4.9.8 Shaft Extension Key(s) ............................................................................................. 4-31 4.10 RING GROOVE SHAFT KEYSEATS FOR VERTICAL SHAFT MOTORS ........................ 4-32 4.11 METHOD OF MEASUREMENT OF SHAFT RUNOUT AND OF ELECTRICITY AND FACE RUNOUT OF MOUNTING SURFACES ................................. 4-32 4.11.1 Shaft Runout ............................................................................................................ 4-32

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(Video) Bob Marley,Lauren Hill

4.11.2 Eccentricity and Face Runout of Mounting Surfaces............................................... 4-32 TOLERANCES FOR TYPE C FACE MOUNTING AND TYPE D FLANGE MOUNTING MOTORS ........................................................................................ 4-33 TOLERANCES FOR TYPE P FLANGE-MOUNTING MOTORS ........................................ 4-33 MOUNTING BOLTS OR STUDS ........................................................................................ 4-33 METHOD TO CHECK COPLANARITY OF FEET OF FULLY ASSEMBLED MOTORS ..................................................................................................... 4-34 METHOD OF MEASUREMENT OF SHAFT EXTENSION PARALLELISM TO FOOT PLANE ..................................................................................... 4-34 MEASUREMENT OF BEARING TEMPERATURE ............................................................ 4-34 TERMINAL CONNECTIONS FOR SMALL MOTORS ........................................................ 4-35 4.18.1 Terminal Leads ........................................................................................................ 4-35 4.18.2 Blade Terminals ....................................................................................................... 4-35 MOTOR TERMINAL HOUSINGS ....................................................................................... 4-35 4.19.1 Small and Medium Motors ....................................................................................... 4-35 4.19.2 Dimensions .............................................................................................................. 4-35 GROUNDING MEANS FOR FIELD WIRING ..................................................................... 4-41

Section I GENERAL STANDARDS APPLYING TO ALL MACHINES Part 5—ROTATING ELECTRICAL MACHINES—CLASSIFICATION OF DEGREES OF PROTECTION PROVIDED BY ENCLOSURES FOR ROTATING MACHINES 5.1 SCOPE ................................................................................................................................. 5-1 5.2 DESIGNATION ................................................................................................................... 5-1 5.2.1 Single Characteristic Numeral .................................................................................... 5-1 5.2.2 Supplementary Letters ................................................................................................ 5-1 5.2.3 Example of Designation .............................................................................................. 5-2 5.2.4 Most Frequently Used ................................................................................................. 5-2 5.3 DEGREES OF PROTECTION—FIRST CHARACTERISTIC NUMERAL ............................ 5-2 5.3.1 Indication of Degree of Protection .............................................................................. 5-2 5.3.2 Compliance to Indicated Degree of Protection ........................................................... 5-2 5.3.3 External Fans .............................................................................................................. 5-2 5.3.4 Drain Holes ................................................................................................................. 5-3 Table 5-1 ............................................................................................................................. 5-3 5.4 DEGREES OF PROTECTION—SECOND CHARACTERISTIC NUMERAL ....................... 5-4 5.4.1 Indication of Degree of Protection ............................................................................ 5-4 5.4.2 Compliance to Indicated Degree of Protection ........................................................... 5-4 Table 5-2 ............................................................................................................................. 5-4 5.5 MARKING ............................................................................................................................. 5-5 5.6 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR TESTS ....................................................................... 5-5 5.6.1 Adequate Clearance ................................................................................................... 5-5 5.7 TESTS FOR FIRST CHARACTERISTIC NUMERAL ......................................................... 5-5 Table 5-3 ............................................................................................................................. 5-6 5.8 TESTS FOR SECOND CHARACTERISTIC NUMERAL ...................................................... 5-7 5.8.1 Test Conditions ......................................................................................................... 5-7 Table 5-4 ............................................................................................................................... 5-8 5.8.2 Acceptance Conditions ........................................................................................... 5-10 5.8.3 Allowable Water Leakage ......................................................................................... 5-10 5.9 REQUIREMENTS AND TESTS FOR OPEN WEATHER-PROTECTED MACHINES ....... 5-10 Figure 5-1 .......................................................................................................................... 5-11 Figure 5-2 .......................................................................................................................... 5-12 Figure 5-3 .......................................................................................................................... 5-13 Figure 5-4 .......................................................................................................................... 5-14 Figure 5-5 .......................................................................................................................... 5-15 Figure 5-6 .......................................................................................................................... 5-16

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Section I GENERAL STANDARDS APPLYING TO ALL MACHINES Part 6—ROTATING ELECTRICAL MACHINES—METHODS OF COOLING (IC CODE) 6.1 SCOPE ................................................................................................................................. 6-1 6.2 DEFINITIONS ....................................................................................................................... 6-1 6.2.1 Cooling ........................................................................................................................ 6-1 6.2.2 Coolant ........................................................................................................................ 6-1 6.2.3 Primary Coolant .......................................................................................................... 6-1 6.2.4 Secondary Coolant ..................................................................................................... 6-1 6.2.5 Final Coolant ............................................................................................................... 6-1 6.2.6 Surrounding Medium .................................................................................................. 6-1 6.2.7 Remote Medium.......................................................................................................... 6-2 6.2.8 Direct Cooled Winding (Inner-cooled Winding) .......................................................... 6-2 6.2.9 Indirect Cooled Winding .............................................................................................. 6-2 6.2.10 Heat Exchange .......................................................................................................... 6-2 6.2.11 Pipe, Duct .................................................................................................................. 6-2 6.2.12 Open Circuit ............................................................................................................... 6-2 6.2.13 Closed Circuit............................................................................................................. 6-2 6.2.14 Piped or Ducted Circuit .............................................................................................. 6-2 6.2.15 Stand-by or Emergency Cooling System ................................................................... 6-2 6.2.16 Integral Component ................................................................................................... 6-2 6.2.17 Machine-Mounted Component .................................................................................. 6-3 6.2.18 Separate Component ................................................................................................. 6-3 6.2.19 Dependent Circulation Component ........................................................................... 6-3 6.2.20 Independent Circulation Component ......................................................................... 6-3 6.3 DESIGNATION SYSTEM ..................................................................................................... 6-3 6.3.1 Arrangement of the IC Code ....................................................................................... 6-3 6.3.2 Application of Designations ........................................................................................ 6-4 6.3.3 Designation of Same Circuit Arrangements for Different Parts of a Machine ...................................................................................................... 6-4 6.3.4 Designation of Different Circuit Arrangements for Different Parts of a Machine ...................................................................................................... 6-4 6.3.5 Designation of Direct Cooled Winding ........................................................................ 6-5 6.3.6 Designation of Stand-by or Emergency Cooling Conditions ...................................... 6-5 6.3.7 Combined Designations .............................................................................................. 6-5 6.3.8 Replacement of Characteristic Numerals ................................................................... 6-5 6.4 CHARACTERISTIC NUMERAL FOR CIRCUIT ARRANGEMENT ...................................... 6-5 6.5 CHARACTERISTIC LETTERS FOR COOLANT .................................................................. 6-6 6.6 CHARACTERISTIC NUMERAL FOR METHOD OF MOVEMENT ...................................... 6-7 6.7 COMMONLY USED DESIGNATIONS ................................................................................. 6-8 6.7.1 General Information on the Tables ............................................................................. 6-8 Section I GENERAL STANDARDS APPLYING TO ALL MACHINES Part 7—MECHANICAL VIBRATION-MEASUREMENT, EVALUATION AND LIMITS 7.1 SCOPE ................................................................................................................................. 7-1 7.2 OBJECT ................................................................................................................................ 7-1 7.3 REFERENCES ..................................................................................................................... 7-1 7.4 MEASUREMENT QUANTITY ............................................................................................... 7-1 7.4.1 Bearing Housing Vibration .......................................................................................... 7-1 7.4.2 Relative Shaft Vibration .............................................................................................. 7-1 7.5 MEASURING EQUIPMENT .................................................................................................. 7-1 7.6 MACHINE MOUNTING ......................................................................................................... 7-2 7.6.1 General ....................................................................................................................... 7-2 7.6.2 Resilient Mounting ...................................................................................................... 7-2 7.6.3 Rigid Mounting ............................................................................................................ 7-2 7.6.4 Active Environment Determination ............................................................................. 7-3

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CONDITIONS OF MEASUREMENT .................................................................................... 7-3 7.7.1 Shaft Key .................................................................................................................... 7-3 7.7.2 Measurement Points for Vibration .............................................................................. 7-3 7.7.3 Operating Conditions .................................................................................................. 7-4 7.7.4 Vibration Transducer Mounting................................................................................... 7-4 LIMITS OF BEARING HOUSING VIBRATION ..................................................................... 7-7 7.8.1 General ....................................................................................................................... 7-7 7.8.5 Twice Line Frequency Vibration of Two Pole Induction Machines ............................. 7-9 7.8.6 Axial Vibration ........................................................................................................... 7-10 LIMITS OF RELATIVE SHAFT VIBRATION....................................................................... 7-10 7.9.1 General ..................................................................................................................... 7-10 7.9.2 Shaft Vibration Limits ................................................................................................ 7-10 7.9.3 Special Machines ...................................................................................................... 7-10

Section I GENERAL STANDARDS APPLYING TO ALL MACHINES Part 9—ROTATING ELECTRICAL MACHINES—SOUND POWER LIMITS AND MEASUREMENT PROCEDURES 9.1 SCOPE ................................................................................................................................. 9-1 9.2 GENERAL ............................................................................................................................. 9-1 9.3 REFERENCES ..................................................................................................................... 9-1 9.4 METHODS OF MEASUREMENT ......................................................................................... 9-1 9.5 TEST CONDITIONS ............................................................................................................. 9-2 9.5.1 Machine Mounting ...................................................................................................... 9-2 9.5.2 Test Operating Conditions .......................................................................................... 9-2 9.6 SOUND POWER LEVEL ...................................................................................................... 9-2 9.7 DETERMINATION OF SOUND PRESSURE LEVEL ........................................................... 9-3 Table 9-1 ............................................................................................................................... 9-4 Table 9-2 ............................................................................................................................... 9-5 Table 9-3 ............................................................................................................................... 9-5 Table 9-4 ............................................................................................................................... 9-6 Section II SMALL (FRACTIONAL) AND MEDIUM (INTEGRAL) MACHINES Part 10—AC SMALL AND MEDIUM MOTORS 10.0 SCOPE ............................................................................................................................... 10-1 10.30 VOLTAGES ......................................................................................................................... 10-1 10.31 FREQUENCIES .................................................................................................................. 10-1 10.31.1 Alternating-Current Motors .................................................................................... 10-1 10.31.2 Universal Motors .................................................................................................... 10-1 10.32 HORSEPOWER AND SPEED RATINGS........................................................................... 10-2 10.32.1 Small Induction Motors, Except Permanent-Split Capacitor Motors Rated 1/3 Horsepower and Smaller and ShadedPole Motors ............................................................................................................. 10-2 10.32.2 Small induction Motors, permanent-Split Capacitor Motors Rated 1/3 Horsepower and Smaller and Shaded-Pole Motors ............................... 10-2 10.32.3 Single-Phase Medium Motors................................................................................ 10-3 10.32.4 Polyphase Medium Induction Motors .................................................................... 10-3 10.32.5 Universal Motors .................................................................................................... 10-4 10.33 HORSEPOWER RATINGS OF MULTISPEED MOTORS ................................................. 10-4 10.33.1 Constant Horsepower ............................................................................................ 10-4 10.33.2 Constant Torque .................................................................................................... 10-5 10.33.3 Variable Torque ..................................................................................................... 10-5 10.34 BASIS FOR HORSEPOWER RATING............................................................................... 10-5 10.34.1 Basis of Rating ....................................................................................................... 10-5 10.34.2 Temperature .......................................................................................................... 10-5 10.34.3 Minimum Breakdown Torque ................................................................................. 10-5 10.35 SECONDARY DATA FOR WOUND-ROTOR-MOTORS ................................................... 10-8

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TIME RATINGS FOR SINGLE-PHASE AND POLYPHASE INDUCTION MOTORS ....................................................................................................... 10-8 CODE LETTERS (FOR LOCKED-ROTOR KVA) ............................................................... 10-8 10.37.1 Nameplate Marking ................................................................................................ 10-8 10.37.2 Letter Designation .................................................................................................. 10-8 10.37.3 Multispeed Motors ................................................................................................. 10-8 10.37.4 Single-Speed Motors ............................................................................................. 10-9 10.37.5 Broad- or Dual-Voltage Motors .............................................................................. 10-9 10.37.6 Dual-Frequency Motors ......................................................................................... 10-9 10.37.7 Part-Winding-Start Motors ..................................................................................... 10-9 NAMEPLATE TEMPERATURE RATINGS FOR ALTERNATINGCURRENT SMALL AND UNIVERSAL MOTORS .............................................................. 10-9 NAMEPLATE MARKING FOR ALTERNATING-CURRENT SMALL AND UNIVERSAL MOTORS .............................................................................................. 10-9 10.39.1 Alternating-Current Single-Phase and Polyphase SquirrelCage Motors, Except Those Included in 10.39.2, 10.39.3, and 10.39.4 ............................................................................................................. 10-9 10.39.2 Motors Rated Less than 1/20 Horsepower .......................................................... 10-10 10.39.3 Universal Motors .................................................................................................. 10-10 10.39.4 Motors Intended for Assembly in a Device Having its Own Markings ....................................................................................................... 10-10 10.39.5 Motors for Dual Voltage ....................................................................................... 10-10 NAMEPLATE MARKING FOR MEDIUM SINGLE-PHASE AND POLYPHASE INDUCTION MOTORS .............................................................................. 10-11 10.40.1 Medium Single-Phase and Polyphase Squirrel-Cage Motors ............................. 10-11 10.40.2 Polyphase Wound-Rotor Motors.......................................................................... 10-13

Section II SMALL (FRACTIONAL) AND MEDIUM (INTEGRAL) MACHINES Part 10—DC SMALL AND MEDIUM MOTORS 10.0 SCOPE ............................................................................................................................. 10-14 10.60 BASIS OF RATING ........................................................................................................... 10-14 10.60.1 Small Motors ........................................................................................................ 10-14 10.60.2 Medium Motors .................................................................................................... 10-14 10.61 POWER SUPPLY IDENTIFICATION FOR DIRECT-CURRENT MEDIUM MOTORS........................................................................................................... 10-14 10.60.1 Supplies Designated by a Single Letter ............................................................... 10-14 10.60.2 Other Supply Types ............................................................................................. 10-14 10.62 HORSEPOWER, SPEED, AND VOLTAGE RATINGS .................................................... 10-15 10.62.1 Direct-Current Small Motors ................................................................................ 10-15 10.62.2 Industrial Direct-Current Motors........................................................................... 10-15 10.63 NAMEPLATE TIME RATING ............................................................................................ 10-16 10.64 TIME RATING FOR INTERMITTENT, PERIODIC, AND VARYING DUTY ................................................................................................................................ 10-16 10.65 NAMEPLATE MAXIMUM AMBIENT TEMPERATURE AND INSULATION SYSTEM CLASS ........................................................................................ 10-16 10.66 NAMEPLATE MARKING .................................................................................................. 10-18 10.66.1 Small Motors Rated 1/20 Horsepower and Less ................................................. 10-18 10.66.2 Small Motors Except Those Rated 1/20 Horsepower and Less ....................................................................................................................... 10-18 10.66.3 Medium Motors .................................................................................................... 10-18

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MG 1-2014 Page xi Section II SMALL (FRACTIONAL) AND MEDIUM (INTEGRAL) MACHINES Part 12—TESTS AND PERFORMANCE—AC AND DC MOTORS 12.0 SCOPE ............................................................................................................................... 12-1 12.2 HIGH-POTENTIAL TEST—SAFETY PRECAUTIONS AND TEST PROCEDURE .................................................................................................. 12-1 12.3 HIGH-POTENTIAL TEST VOLTAGES FOR UNIVERSAL, INDUCTION, AND DIRECT-CURRENT MOTORS .................................................................................. 12-1 12.4 PRODUCTION HIGH-POTENTIAL TESTING OF SMALL MOTORS ................................ 12-2 12.4.1 Dielectric Test Equipment ........................................................................................ 12-3 12.4.2 Evaluation of Insulation Systems by a Dielectric Test ............................................. 12-3 12.5 REPETITIVE SURGE TEST FOR SMALL AND MEDIUM MOTORS ................................ 12-3 12.6 MECHANICAL VIBRATION ................................................................................................ 12-4 12.7 BEARING LOSSES—VERTICAL PUMP MOTORS ........................................................... 12-4 Section II SMALL (FRACTIONAL) AND MEDIUM (INTEGRAL) MACHINES Part 12—TESTS AND PERFORMANCE—AC MOTORS 12.0 SCOPE ............................................................................................................................... 12-5 12.30 TEST METHODS ................................................................................................................ 12-5 12.31 PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS ............................................................................. 12-5 12.32 TORQUE CHARACTERISTICS OF SINGLE-PHASE GENERALPURPOSE INDUCTION MOTORS .................................................................................... 12-5 12.32.1 Breakdown Torque ................................................................................................ 12-5 12.32.2 Locked-rotor Torque of Small Motors .................................................................... 12-6 12.32.3 Locked-rotor Torque of Medium Motors ................................................................ 12-6 12.32.4 Pull-Up Torque of Medium Motors ......................................................................... 12-6 12.33 LOCKED-ROTOR CURRENT OF SINGLE-PHASE SMALL MOTORS ............................. 12-6 12.33.1 Design O and Design N Motors ............................................................................. 12-6 12.33.2 General-Purpose Motors ....................................................................................... 12-7 12.34 LOCKED-ROTOR CURRENT OF SINGLE-PHASE MEDIUM MOTORS, DESIGNS L AND M .......................................................................................... 12-7 12.35 LOCKED-ROTOR CURRENT OF 3-PHASE 60-HERTZ SMALL AND MEDIUM SQUIRREL-CAGE INDUCTION MOTORS RATED AT 230 VOLTS ......................................................................................................................... 12-7 12.35.1 60-Hertz Design B, C, and D Motors at 230 Volts ................................................. 12-7 12.35.2 50-Hertz Design B, C, and D Motors at 380 Volts ................................................. 12-9 12.36 INSTANTANEOUS PEAK VALUE OF INRUSH CURRENT .............................................. 12-9 12.37 TORQUE CHARACTERISTICS OF POLYPHASE SMALL MOTORS ............................... 12-9 12.38 LOCKED-ROTOR TORQUE OF SINGLE-SPEED POLYPHASE SQUIRREL-CAGE MEDIUM MOTORS WITH CONTINUOUS RATINGS .......................................................................................................................... 12-10 12.38.1 Design A and B Motors ........................................................................................ 12-10 12.38.2 Design C Motors .................................................................................................. 12-10 12.38.3 Design D Motors .................................................................................................. 12-11 12.39 BREAKDOWN TORQUE OF SINGLE-SPEED POLYPHASE SQUIRREL-CAGE MEDIUM MOTORS WITH CONTINUOUS RATINGS .......................................................................................................................... 12-11 12.39.1 Design A and B Motors ........................................................................................ 12-11 12.39.2 Design C Motors .................................................................................................. 12-11 12.40 PULL-UP TORQUE OF SINGLE-SPEED POLYPHASE SQUIRRELCAGE MEDIUM MOTORS WITH CONTINUOUS RATINGS ........................................... 12-12 12.40.1 Design A and B Motors ........................................................................................ 12-12 12.40.2 Design C Motors .................................................................................................. 12-13 12.41 BREAKDOWN TORQUE OF POLYPHASE WOUND-ROTOR MEDIUM MOTORS WITH CONTINUOUS RATINGS...................................................................... 12-13 12.42 TEMPERATURE RISE FOR SMALL AND UNIVERSAL MOTORS ................................. 12-14

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12.42.1 Alternating-Current Small Motors—Motor Nameplates Marked with Insulation System Designation and Ambient Temperature ......................................................................................................... 12-14 12.42.2 Universal Motors .................................................................................................. 12-15 o 12.42.3 Temperature Rise for Ambients Higher than 40 C .............................................. 12-15 o 12.42.4 Temperature Rise for Air-Cooled Machines for Ambients Lower than 40 C o but Not Below 0 C ............................................................................................... 12-16 TEMPERATURE RISE FOR MEDIUM SINGLE-PHASE AND POLYPHASE INDUCTION MOTORS .............................................................................. 12-17 o 12.43.1 Temperature Rise for Ambients Higher than 40 C .............................................. 12-17 o 12.43.2 Temperature Rise for Air-Cooled Machines for Ambients Lower than 40 C, o but Not Below 0 C............................................................................................... 12-18 VARIATION FROM RATED VOLTAGE AND RATED FREQUENCY .............................. 12-19 12.44.1 Running ................................................................................................................ 12-19 12.44.2 Starting ................................................................................................................. 12-19 VOLTAGE UNBALANCE .................................................................................................. 12-19 VARIATION FROM RATED SPEED ................................................................................ 12-19 NAMEPLATE AMPERES—ALTERNATING-CURRENT MEDIUM MOTORS .......................................................................................................................... 12-19 OCCASIONAL EXCESS CURRENT ................................................................................ 12-19 STALL TIME ..................................................................................................................... 12-20 PERFORMANCE OF MEDIUM MOTORS WITH DUAL VOLTAGE RATING (SUGGESTED STANDARD FOR FUTURE DESIGN) ...................................... 12-20 SERVICE FACTOR OF ALTERNATING-CURRENT MOTORS ...................................... 12-20 12.51.1 General-Purpose Alternating-Current Motors of the Open Type ....................... 12-20 12.51.2 Other Motors ...................................................................................................... 12-21 OVERSPEEDS FOR MOTORS ........................................................................................ 12-21 12.52.1 Squirrel-Cage and Wound-Rotor Motors ............................................................. 12-21 12.52.2 General-Purpose Squirrel-Cage Induction Motors .............................................. 12-21 12.52.3 General-Purpose Design A and B Direct-Coupled Drive Squirrel-Cage Induction Motors .................................................................................................. 12-23 12.52.4 Alternating-Current Series and Universal Motors ................................................ 12-23 MACHINE SOUND (MEDIUM INDUCTION MOTORS) ................................................... 12-25 NUMBER OF STARTS ..................................................................................................... 12-25 12.54.1 Normal Starting Conditions .................................................................................. 12-25 12.54.2 Other than Normal Starting Conditions ................................................................ 12-25 12.54.3 Considerations for Additional Starts .................................................................... 12-25 ROUTINE TESTS FOR POLYPHASE MEDIUM INDUCTION MOTORS ........................ 12-25 12.55.1 Method of Testing ................................................................................................ 12-25 12.55.2 Typical Tests on Completely Assembled Motors................................................. 12-26 12.55.3 Typical of Tests on Motors Not Completely Assembled ...................................... 12-26 THERMAL PROTECTION OF MEDIUM MOTORS ......................................................... 12-27 12.56.1 Winding Temperature .......................................................................................... 12-27 12.56.2 Trip Current .......................................................................................................... 12-29 OVERTEMPERATURE PROTECTION OF MEDIUM MOTORS NOT MEETING THE DEFINITION OF "THERMALLY PROTECTED" ..................................... 12-29 12.57.1 Type 1—Winding Running and Locked Rotor Overtemperature Protection ............................................................................................................. 12-29 12.57.2 Type 2—Winding Running Overtemperature Protection ..................................... 12-29 12.57.3 Type 3—Winding Overtemperature Protection, Nonspecific Type ...................... 12-29 EFFICIENCY ..................................................................................................................... 12-29 12.58.1 Determination of Motor Efficiency and Losses .................................................... 12-29 12.58.2 Efficiency of Polyphase Squirrel-Cage Medium Motors with Continuous Ratings ............................................................................................. 12-30 EFFICIENCY LEVELS OF ENERGY EFFICIENT POLYPHASE SQUIRREL-CAGE RANDOM WOUND INDUCTION MOTORS ...................................... 12-31

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12.61

12.62 12.63

EFFICIENCY LEVEL OF PREMIUM EFFICIENCY ELECTRIC MOTORS ...................... 12-33 12.60.1 60 Hz Motors Rated 600 Volts or Less (Random Wound) ................................. 12-33 12.60.1.1 60 Hz Single-Phase Capacitor-Start Induction-Run or CapacitorStart Capacitor-Run Small Motors Rated 600 Volts or Less (Random Wound) ............... 12-33 12.60.1.2 Premium efficiency single-phase capacitor-start capacitor-run small motors rated 600 volts or less (random wound) 12-33 12.60.1.3 Polyphase Small Motors premium efficiency three-phase small motors rated 600 volts or less (random wound) 12-33 12.60.1.4 60 Hz Motors Rated Medium Voltage, 5000 Volts or Less (Form Wound) 12-33 12.60.2 60 Hz Motors Rated Medium Voltage, 5000 Volts or Less (Form Wound) ....... 12-33 12.60.2.1 60 Hz Motors Rated Medium Voltage, 5000 Volts or Less (Form Wound) ...... 12-33 12.60.3 50 Hz Motors Rated 600 Volts or Less (Random Wound) ................................. 12-33 12.60.3.1 50 Hz Motors Rated 600 Volts or Less (Random Wound) ............................. 12-33 REPORT OF TEST FOR TESTS ON INDUCTION MOTORS ......................................... 12-33 Table 12-11 ....................................................................................................................... 12-35 Table 12-12 ....................................................................................................................... 12-37 Table 12-13 ....................................................................................................................... 12-39 Table 12-14 ....................................................................................................................... 12-40 Table 12-15 ....................................................................................................................... 12-41 Table 12-16 ....................................................................................................................... 12-43 Table 12-17 ....................................................................................................................... 12-45 Table 12-18 ....................................................................................................................... 12-46 Table 12-19 ....................................................................................................................... 12-47 Table 12-20 ....................................................................................................................... 12-48 Table 12-21 ....................................................................................................................... 12-49 MACHINE WITH ENCAPSULATED OR SEALED WINDING CONFORMANCE TESTS ................................................................................................. 12-50 MACHINE WITH MOISTURE RESISTANT WINDINGS— CONFORMANCE TEST ................................................................................................... 12-50

Section II SMALL (FRACTIONAL) AND MEDIUM (INTEGRAL) MACHINES Part 12—TESTS AND PERFORMANCE—DC SMALL AND MEDIUM MOTORS 12.0 SCOPE ............................................................................................................................. 12-52 12.65 TEST METHODS .............................................................................................................. 12-52 12.66 TEST POWER SUPPLY ................................................................................................... 12-52 12.66.1 Small Motors ........................................................................................................ 12-52 12.66.2 Medium Motors .................................................................................................... 12-52 12.67 TEMPERATURE RISE ..................................................................................................... 12-54 12.67.1 Direct-Current Small Motors ................................................................................ 12-54 12.67.2 Continuous-Time-Rated Direct-Current Medium Motors ..................................... 12-54 12.67.3 Short-Time-Rated Direct-Current Medium Motors............................................... 12-55 o 12.67.4 Temperature Rise for Ambients Higher than 40 C .............................................. 12-55 o 12.67.5 Temperature Rise for Air-Cooled Machines for Ambients Lower than 40 C, o but Not Below 0 C............................................................................................... 12-56 12.68 VARIATION FROM RATED VOLTAGE ............................................................................ 12-57 12.69 VARIATION IN SPEED DUE TO LOAD ........................................................................... 12-57 12.69.1 Straight-Shunt-Wound, Stabilized-Shunt-Wound, and Permanent-Magnet Direct-Current Motors .......................................................... 12-57 12.69.2 Compound-Wound Direct-Current Motors ........................................................... 12-57 12.70 VARIATION IN BASE SPEED DUE TO HEATING .......................................................... 12-57 12.70.1 Speed Variation with Temperature ...................................................................... 12-57 12.70.2 Resistance Variation with Temperature ............................................................... 12-58 12.71 VARIATION FROM RATED SPEED ................................................................................ 12-58 12.72 MOMENTARY OVERLOAD CAPACITY .......................................................................... 12-58

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12.79 12.80 12.81 12.82

SUCCESSFUL COMMUTATION ..................................................................................... 12-58 OVERSPEEDS FOR MOTORS ........................................................................................ 12-58 12.74.1 Shunt-Wound Motors ........................................................................................... 12-58 12.74.2 Compound-Wound Motors Having Speed Regulation of 35 Percent or Less ............................................................................................... 12-58 12.74.3 Series-Wound Motors and Compound-Wound Motors Having Speed Regulation Greater Than 35 Percent ....................................................... 12-59 FIELD DATA FOR DIRECT-CURRENT MOTORS .......................................................... 12-59 ROUTINE TESTS ON MEDIUM DIRECT-CURRENT MOTORS ..................................... 12-59 REPORT OF TEST FORM FOR DIRECT-CURRENT MACHINES ................................. 12-59 EFFICIENCY ..................................................................................................................... 12-59 12.78.1 Type A Power Supplies ....................................................................................... 12-59 12.78.2 Other Power Supplies .......................................................................................... 12-59 STABILITY ........................................................................................................................ 12-60 OVER TEMPERATURE PROTECTION OF MEDIUM DIRECTCURRENT MOTORS........................................................................................................ 12-60 DATA FOR DIRECT CURRENT MOTORS ...................................................................... 12-60 MACHINE SOUND OF DIRECT-CURRENT MEDIUM MOTORS ................................... 12-61

Section II SMALL (FRACTIONAL) AND MEDIUM (INTEGRAL) MACHINES Part 13—FRAME ASSIGNMENTS FOR ALTERNATING CURRENT INTEGRAL HORSEPOWER INDUCTION MOTORS 13.0 SCOPE ............................................................................................................................... 13-1 13.1 FRAME DESIGNATIONS FOR SINGLE-PHASE DESIGN L, HORIZONTAL, AND VERTICAL MOTORS, 60 HERTZ CLASS B INSULATION SYSTEM, OPEN TYPE, 1.15 SERVICE FACTOR, 230 VOLTS AND LESS .................................................................... 13-1 13.2 FRAME DESIGNATIONS FOR POLYPHASE, SQUIRREL-CAGE, DESIGNS A, B, AND E, HORIZONTAL AND VERTICAL MOTORS, 60 HERTZ, CLASS B INSULATION SYSTEM, OPEN TYPE, 1.15 SERVICE FACTOR, 575 VOLTS AND LESS .................................................................... 13-2 13.3 FRAME DESIGNATIONS FOR POLYPHASE, SQUIRREL-CAGE, DESIGNS A, B, ND E, HORIZONTAL AND VERTICAL MOTORS, 60 HERTZ, CLASS B INSULATION SYSTEM, TOTALLY ENCLOSED FAN-COOLED TYPE, 1.0 SERVICE FACTOR, 575 VOLTS AND LESS .......................... 13-3 13.4 FRAME DESIGNATIONS FOR POLYPHASE, SQUIRREL-CAGE, DESIGN C, HORIZONTAL AND VERTICAL MOTORS, 60 HERTZ, CLASS B INSULATION SYSTEM, OPEN TYPE, 1.15 SERVICE FACTOR, 575 VOLTS AND LESS ..................................................................................... 13-4 13.5 FRAME DESIGNATIONS FOR POLYPHASE, SQUIRREL-CAGE, DESIGN C, HORIZONTAL AND VERTICAL MOTORS, 60 HERTZ, CLASS B INSULATION SYSTEM, TOTALLY ENCLOSED FANCOOLED TYPE, 1.0 SERVICE FACTOR, 575 VOLTS AND LESS ................................... 13-5 SECTION II SMALL (FRACTIONAL) AND MEDIUM (INTEGRAL MACHINES) Part 14—APPLICATION DATA—AC AND DC SMALL AND MEDIUM MACHINES 14.0 SCOPE ............................................................................................................................... 14-1 14.1 PROPER SELECTION OF APPARATUS .......................................................................... 14-1 14.2 USUAL SERVICE CONDITIONS ....................................................................................... 14-2 14.2.1 Environmental Conditions ........................................................................................ 14-2 14.2.2 Operating Conditions ............................................................................................... 14-2 14.3 UNUSUAL SERVICE CONDITIONS .................................................................................. 14-2 14.4 TEMPERATURE RISE ....................................................................................................... 14-3 14.4.1 Motors with Class A or Class B Insulation Systems ................................................ 14-3 14.4.2 Motors with Service Factor ...................................................................................... 14-3 14.4.3 Temperature Rise at Sea Level ............................................................................... 14-3

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14.5 14.6 14.7

14.8 14.9

14.4.4 Preferred Values of Altitude for Rating Motors ........................................................ 14-4 SHORT-TIME RATED ELECTRICAL MACHINES ............................................................. 14-4 DIRECTION OF ROTATION .............................................................................................. 14-4 APPLICATION OF PULLEYS, SHEAVES, SPROCKETS, AND GEARS ON MOTOR SHAFTS ........................................................................................... 14-4 14.7.1 Mounting .................................................................................................................. 14-4 14.7.2 Minimum Pitch Diameter for Drives Other than V-Belt ............................................ 14-4 14.7.3 Maximum Speed of Drive Components ................................................................... 14-5 THROUGH-BOLT MOUNTING .......................................................................................... 14-5 RODENT PROTECTION .................................................................................................... 14-5

SECTION II SMALL (FRACTIONAL) AND MEDIUM (INTEGRAL) MACHINES Part 14—APPLICATION DATA—AC SMALL AND MEDIUM MOTORS 14.0 SCOPE ............................................................................................................................... 14-7 14.30 EFFECTS OF VARIATION OF VOLTAGE AND FREQUENCY UPON THE PERFORMANCE OF INDUCTION MOTORS ............................................................ 14-7 14.30.1 General .................................................................................................................. 14-7 14.30.2 Effects of Variation in Voltage on Temperature ..................................................... 14-7 14.30.3 Effect of Variation in Voltage on Power Factor ...................................................... 14-7 14.30.4 Effect of Variation in Voltage on Starting Torques................................................. 14-7 14.30.5 Effect of Variation in Voltage on Slip ..................................................................... 14-7 14.30.6 Effects of Variation in Frequency ........................................................................... 14-8 14.30.7 Effect of Variations in Both Voltage and Frequency .............................................. 14-8 14.30.8 Effect on Special-Purpose or Small Motors ........................................................... 14-8 14.31 MACHINES OPERATING ON AN UNDERGROUND SYSTEM ........................................ 14-8 14.32 OPERATION OF ALTERNATING CURRENT MOTORS FROM VARIABLE-FREQUENCY OR VARIABLE-VOLTAGE POWER SUPPLIES, OR BOTH ........................................................................................................ 14-8 14.32.1 Performance .......................................................................................................... 14-8 14.32.2 Shaft Voltages........................................................................................................ 14-9 14.33 EFFECTS OF VOLTAGES OVER 600 VOLTS ON THE PERFORMANCE OF LOW-VOLTAGE MOTORS ........................................................................................... 14-9 14.34 OPERATION OF GENERAL-PURPOSE ALTERNATING-CURRENT POLYPHASE, 2-, 4-, 6-, AND 8-POLE, 60-HERTZ MEDIUM INDUCTION MOTORS OPERATED ON 50 HERTZ .......................................................... 14-9 14.34.1 Speed ..................................................................................................................... 14-9 14.34.2 Torques .................................................................................................................. 14-9 14.34.3 Locked-Rotor Current .......................................................................................... 14-10 14.34.4 Service Factor ...................................................................................................... 14-10 14.34.5 Temperature Rise ................................................................................................ 14-10 14.35 OPERATION OF 230-VOLT INDUCTION MOTORS ON 208-VOLT SYSTEMS ......................................................................................................................... 14-10 14.35.1 General ................................................................................................................ 14-10 14.35.2 Nameplate Marking of Useable @ 200 V ............................................................ 14-10 14.35.3 Effect on Performance of Motor ........................................................................... 14-10 14.36 EFFECTS OF UNBALANCED VOLTAGES ON THE PERFORMANCE OF POLYPHASE INDUCTION MOTORS ........................................................................ 14-10 14.36.1 Effect on Performance—General......................................................................... 14-11 14.36.2 Unbalance Defined .............................................................................................. 14-11 14.36.3 Torques ................................................................................................................ 14-11 14.36.4 Full-Load Speed .................................................................................................. 14-11 14.36.5 Currents ............................................................................................................... 14-11 14.37 APPLICATION OF ALTERNATING-CURRENT MOTORS WITH SERVICE FACTORS ........................................................................................................ 14-12 14.37.1 General ................................................................................................................ 14-12 14.37.2 Temperature Rise—Medium Alternating-Current Motors .................................... 14-12

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14.43 14.44

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14.37.3 Temperature Rise—Small Alternating-Current Motors ........................................ 14-12 CHARACTERISTICS OF PART-WINDING-START POLYPHASE INDUCTION MOTORS ..................................................................................................... 14-12 COUPLING END-PLAY AND ROTOR FLOAT FOR HORIZONTAL ALTERNATING-CURRENT MOTORS ............................................................................. 14-12 14.39.1 Preferred Hp Ratings for Motors with Ball Bearings ............................................ 14-12 14.39.2 Limits for Motors with Sleeze Bearings ............................................................... 14-13 14.39.3 Drawing and Shaft Markings ................................................................................ 14-13 OUTPUT SPEEDS FOR MEDIUM GEAR MOTORS OF PARALLEL CONSTRUCTION ............................................................................................................. 14-14 APPLICATION OF MEDIUM ALTERNATING-CURRENT SQUIRRELCAGE MACHINES WITH SEALED WINDINGS ............................................................... 14-14 14.41.1 Usual Service Conditions ..................................................................................... 14-14 14.41.2 Unusual Service Conditions ................................................................................. 14-14 14.41.3 Hazardous Locations ........................................................................................... 14-15 APPLICATION OF V-BELT SHEAVES TO ALTERNATING CURRENT MOTORS HAVING ANTIFRICTION BEARINGS .............................................................................. 14-15 14.42.1 Dimensions .......................................................................................................... 14-15 14.42.2 Radial Overhung Load Limitations .................................................................... 14-15 ASEISMATIC CAPABILITY .............................................................................................. 14-15 POWER FACTOR OF THREE-PHASE, SQUIRREL-CAGE, MEDIUM MOTORS WITH CONTINUOUS RATINGS ...................................................... 14-17 14.44.1 Determination of Power Factor from Nameplate Data ........................................ 14-17 14.44.2 Determination of Capacitor Rating for Connecting Power Factor to Desired Value ....................................................................................... 14-18 14.44.3 Determination of Corrected Power Factor for Specified Capacitor Rating ................................................................................................... 14-18 14.44.4 Application of Power Factor Correction Capacitors on Power Systems.............. 14-18 14.44.5 Application of Power Factor Correction Capacitors on Motors Operated from Electronic Power Supply ............................................................... 14-18 BUS TRANSFER OR RECLOSING ................................................................................. 14-19 ROTOR INERTIA FOR DYNAMIC BREAKING ................................................................ 14-19 EFFECTS OF LOAD ON MOTOR EFFICIENCY ............................................................. 14-19 REED FREQUENCY OF VERTICAL MACHINES ........................................................... 14-19

Section II SMALL (FRACTIONAL) AND MEDIUM (INTEGRAL) MACHINES Part 14—APPLICATION DATA—DC SMALL AND MEDIUM MOTORS 14.0 SCOPE ............................................................................................................................. 14-21 14.60 OPERATION OF SMALL MOTORS ON RECTIFIED ALTERNATING CURRENT ........................................................................................................................ 14-21 14.60.1 General ................................................................................................................ 14-21 14.60.2 Form Factor ......................................................................................................... 14-21 14.61 OPERATION OF DIRECT-CURRENT MEDIUM MOTORS ON RECTIFIED ALTERNATING CURRENT .......................................................................... 14-22 14.62 ARMATURE CURRENT RIPPLE ..................................................................................... 14-23 14.63 OPERATION ON A VARIABLE-VOLTAGE POWER SUPPLY ........................................ 14-23 14.64 SHUNT FIELD HEATING AT STANDSTILL ..................................................................... 14-24 14.65 BEARING CURRENTS ..................................................................................................... 14-24 14.66 EFFECTS OF 50-HERTZ ALTERNATING-CURRENT POWER FREQUENCY ................................................................................................................... 14-24 14.67 APPLICATION OF OVERHUNG LOADS TO MOTOR SHAFTS ..................................... 14-25 14.67.1 Limitations ............................................................................................................ 14-25 14.67.2 V-Belt Drives ........................................................................................................ 14-26 14.67.3 Applications Other Than V-Belts.......................................................................... 14-27 14.67.4 General ................................................................................................................ 14-27 14.68 RATE OF CHANGE OF ARMATURE CURRENT ............................................................ 14-28

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Section II SMALL (FRACTIONAL) AND MEDIUM (INTEGRAL) MACHINES Part 15—DC Generators 15.0 SCOPE ............................................................................................................................... 15-1 15.10 KILOWATT, SPEED, AND VOLTAGE RATINGS .............................................................. 15-1 15.10.1 Standard Ratings ................................................................................................... 15-1 15.10.2 Exciters .................................................................................................................. 15-2 15.11 NAMEPLATE TIME RATING, MAXIMUM AMBIENT TEMPERATURE, AND INSULATION SYSTEM CLASS ................................................................................. 15-2 15.12 NAMEPLATE MARKING .................................................................................................... 15-2 TESTS AND PERFORMANCE ....................................................................................................... 15-2 15.40 TEST PERFORMANCE ...................................................................................................... 15-2 15.41 TEMPERATURE RISE ....................................................................................................... 15-2 o 15.41.1 Temperature Rise for Maximum Ambient of 40 C ................................................. 15-2 o 15.41.2 Temperature Rise for Ambients Higher than 40 C ................................................ 15-3 o 15.41.3 Temperature Rise for Air-Cooled Machines for Ambients Lower than 40 C, o but Not Below 0 C ................................................................................................. 15-3 15.42 SUCCESSFUL COMMUTATION ....................................................................................... 15-4 15.43 OVERLOAD ........................................................................................................................ 15-4 15.44 VOLTAGE VARIATION DUE TO HEATING ....................................................................... 15-4 15.45 FLAT COMPOUNDING ...................................................................................................... 15-4 15.46 TEST FOR REGULATION .................................................................................................. 15-4 15.47 OVERSPEEDS FOR GENERATORS ................................................................................ 15-5 15.48 HIGH-POTENTIAL TEST.................................................................................................... 15-5 15.48.1 Safety Precautions for Test Procedure .................................................................. 15-5 15.48.2 Test Voltage ........................................................................................................... 15-5 15.49 ROUTINE TESTS ............................................................................................................... 15-5 15.50 FIELD DATA FOR DIRECT-CURRENT GENERATORS ................................................... 15-5 15.51 REPORT OF TEST FORM ................................................................................................. 15-6 15.52 EFFICIENCY ....................................................................................................................... 15-6 MANUFACTURING ......................................................................................................................... 15-7 15.60 DIRECTION OF ROTATION .............................................................................................. 15-7 15.61 EQUALIZER LEADS OF DIRECT-CURRENT GENERATORS ......................................... 15-7 Section II SMALL (FRACTIONAL) AND MEDIUM (INTEGRAL) MACHINES Part 18—DEFINITE PURPOSE MACHINES 18.1 SCOPE ............................................................................................................................... 18-1 MOTORS FOR HERMETIC REFRIGERATION COMPRESSORS ................................................ 18-1 18.2 CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO ELECTRICAL TYPE ........................................................ 18-2 RATINGS ......................................................................................................................................... 18-3 18.3 VOLTAGE RATINGS .......................................................................................................... 18-3 18.3.1 Single-Phase Motors ............................................................................................... 18-3 18.3.2 Polyphase Induction Motors .................................................................................... 18-3 18.4 FREQUENCIES .................................................................................................................. 18-3 18.5 SPEED RATINGS ............................................................................................................... 18-3 TESTS AND PERFORMANCE ....................................................................................................... 18-3 18.6 OPERATING TEMPERATURE .......................................................................................... 18-3 18.7 BREAKDOWN TORQUE AND LOCKED-ROTOR CURRENT OF 60-HERTZ HERMETIC MOTORS ................................................................................ 18-3 18.7.1 Breakdown Torque .................................................................................................. 18-3 18.7.2 Locked-Rotor Current .............................................................................................. 18-3 18.8 HIGH-POTENTIAL TEST.................................................................................................... 18-5 18.9 VARIATIONS FROM RATED VOLTAGE AND RATED FREQUENCY ..................................................................................................................... 18-5 18.10 DIRECTION OF ROTATION .............................................................................................. 18-5 18.11 TERMINAL LEAD MARKINGS ........................................................................................... 18-5

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MG 1-2014 Page xviii 18.12

METHOD TEST FOR CLEANLINESS OF SINGLE-PHASE HERMETIC MOTORS HAVING STATOR DIAMETERS OF 6.292 INCHES AND SMALLER .................................................................................................... 18-5 18.12.1 Stators .................................................................................................................... 18-6 18.12.2 Rotors .................................................................................................................... 18-6 18.13 METHOD OF TEST FOR CLEANLINESS OF HERMETIC MOTORS HAVING STATOR DIAMETERS OF 8.777 INCHES AND SMALLER ............................... 18-6 18.13.1 Purpose.................................................................................................................. 18-6 18.13.2 Description ............................................................................................................. 18-6 18.13.3 Sample Storage ..................................................................................................... 18-6 18.13.4 Equipment .............................................................................................................. 18-6 18.13.5 Procedure .............................................................................................................. 18-7 MANUFACTURING ......................................................................................................................... 18-7 18.14 ROTOR BORE DIAMETERS AND KEYWAY DIMENSIONS FOR 60-HERTZ HERMETIC MOTORS ...................................................................................... 18-8 18.15 DIMENSIONS FOR 60-HERTZ HERMETIC MOTORS ..................................................... 18-9 18.16 FORMING OF END WIRE .................................................................................................. 18-9 18.17 THERMAL PROTECTORS ASSEMBLED ON OR IN END WINDINGS OF HERMETIC MOTORS ............................................................................... 18-9 18.18 LETTERING OF DIMENSIONS FOR HERMETIC MOTORS FOR HERMETIC COMPRESSORS ................................................................................. 18-10 SMALL MOTORS FOR SHAFT-MOUNTED FANS AND BLOWERS ......................................... 18-12 18.19 CLASSIFICATION ACCORDING TO ELECTRICAL TYPE ............................................. 18-12 RATINGS ....................................................................................................................................... 18-12 18.20 VOLTAGE RATINGS ........................................................................................................ 18-12 18.20.1 Single-Phase Motors ........................................................................................... 18-12 18.20.2 Polyphase Induction Motors ................................................................................ 18-12 18.21 FREQUENCIES ................................................................................................................ 18-12 18.22 HORSEPOWER AND SPEED RATINGS......................................................................... 18-12 18.22.1 Single-Speed Motors ........................................................................................... 18-12 18.22.2 Two-Speed Motors .............................................................................................. 18-12 TESTS AND PERFORMANCE ..................................................................................................... 18-13 18.23 TEMPERATURE RISE ..................................................................................................... 18-13 18.24 BASIS OF HORSEPOWER RATING ............................................................................... 18-13 18.25 MAXIMUM LOCKED-ROTOR CURRENT—SINGLE-PHASE ......................................... 18-13 18.26 HIGH-POTENTIAL TESTS ............................................................................................... 18-13 18.27 VARIATIONS FROM RATED VOLTAGE AND RATED FREQUENCY ........................... 18-13 18.28 DIRECTION OF ROTATION ............................................................................................ 18-13 MANUFACTURING ....................................................................................................................... 18-13 18.29 GENERAL MECHANICAL FEATURES ............................................................................ 18-13 18.30 DIMENSIONS AND LETTERING OF DIMENSIONS FOR MOTORS FOR SHAFT-MOUNTED FANS AND BLOWERS ............................................................ 18-13 18.31 TERMINAL MARKINGS.................................................................................................... 18-13 18.32 TERMINAL LEAD LENGTHS ........................................................................................... 18-14 SMALL MOTORS FOR BELTED FANS AND BLOWERS BUILT IN FRAMES 56 AND SMALLER ....................................................................................................... 18-16 18.33 CLASSIFICATION ACCORDING TO ELECTRICAL TYPE ............................................. 18-16 RATINGS ....................................................................................................................................... 18-16 18.34 VOLTAGE RATINGS ........................................................................................................ 18-16 18.34.1 Single-Phase Motors ........................................................................................... 18-16 18.34.2 Polyphase Motors ................................................................................................ 18-16 18.35 FREQUENCIES ................................................................................................................ 18-16 18.36 HORSEPOWER AND SPEED RATINGS......................................................................... 18-16 18.36.1 Single-Speed Motors ........................................................................................... 18-16 18.36.2 Two-Speed Motors .............................................................................................. 18-16 TESTS AND PERFORMANCE ..................................................................................................... 18-17

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MG 1-2014 Page xix 18.37 TEMPERATURE RISE ..................................................................................................... 18-17 18.38 BASIS OF HORSEPOWER RATING ............................................................................... 18-17 18.39 MAXIMUM LOCKED-ROTOR CURRENT ........................................................................ 18-17 18.40 HIGH-POTENTIAL TEST.................................................................................................. 18-17 18.41 VARIATIONS FROM RATED VOLTAGE AND RATED FREQUENCY ........................... 18-17 18.42 DIRECTION OF ROTATION ............................................................................................ 18-17 MANUFACTURING ....................................................................................................................... 18-17 18.43 GENERAL MECHANICAL FEATURES ............................................................................ 18-17 18.44 LETTERING OF DIMENSIONS FOR MOTORS FOR BELTED FANS AND BLOWERS ............................................................................................................... 18-18 SMALL MOTORS FOR AIR CONDITIONING CONDENSERS AND EVAPORATOR FANS ................................................................................................................... 18-19 18.45 CLASSIFICATION ACCORDING TO ELECTRICAL TYPE ............................................. 18-19 RATINGS ....................................................................................................................................... 18-19 18.46 VOLTAGE RATINGS ........................................................................................................ 18-19 18.47 FREQUENCIES ................................................................................................................ 18-19 18.48 HORSEPOWER AND SPEED RATINGS......................................................................... 18-19 18.48.1 Horsepower Ratings ............................................................................................ 18-19 18.48.2 Speed Ratings ..................................................................................................... 18-19 TESTS AND PERFORMANCE ..................................................................................................... 18-19 18.49 TEMPERATURE RISE ..................................................................................................... 18-19 18.50 BASIS OF HORSEPOWER RATINGS ............................................................................. 18-19 18.51 HIGH-POTENTIAL TESTS ............................................................................................... 18-20 18.52 VARIATIONS FROM RATED VOLTAGE AND RATED FREQUENCY ........................... 18-20 18.53 VARIATION FROM RATED SPEED ................................................................................ 18-20 18.54 TERMINAL MARKINGS—MULTISPEED SHADED-POLE MOTORS ............................. 18-20 MANUFACTURING ....................................................................................................................... 18-20 18.55 TERMINAL MARKINGS.................................................................................................... 18-20 18.56 TERMINAL LEAD LENGTHS ........................................................................................... 18-21 18.57 GENERAL MECHANICAL FEATURES ............................................................................ 18-21 18.58 TERMINAL MARKINGS FOR NON-POLE-CHANGING MULTISPEED SINGLE-VOLTAGE NONREVERSIBLE PERMANENT-SPLIT CAPACITOR MOTORS AND SHADED POLE MOTORS ................................................ 18-22 18.59 DIMENSIONS OF SHADED-POLE AND PERMANENT-SPLIT CAPACITOR MOTORS HAVING A P DIMENSION 4.38 INCHES AND LARGER ........................................................................................................................... 18-24 18.60 DIMENSIONS OF SHADED-POLE AND PERMANENT SPLIT CAPACITOR MOTORS HAVING A P DIMENSION SMALLER THAN 4.38 INCHES .................................................................................................................... 18-25 18.61 DIMENSIONS FOR LUG MOUNTING FOR SHADED-POLE AND PERMANENT-SPLIT CAPACITOR MOTORS ................................................................. 18-25 APPLICATION DATA.................................................................................................................... 18-26 18.62 NAMEPLATE CURRENT.................................................................................................. 18-26 RATINGS ....................................................................................................................................... 18-26 18.63 EFFECT OF VARIATION FROM RATED VOLTAGE UPON OPERATING SPEED........................................................................................................ 18-26 18.64 INSULATION TESTING .................................................................................................... 18-26 18.64.1 Test Conditions .................................................................................................... 18-26 18.64.2 Test Method ......................................................................................................... 18-27 18.65 SERVICE CONDITIONS................................................................................................... 18-27 SMALL MOTORS AND SUMP PUMPS........................................................................................ 18-30 18.66 CLASSIFICATION ACCORDING TO ELECTRICAL TYPE ............................................. 18-30 RATINGS ....................................................................................................................................... 18-30 18.67 VOLTAGE RATINGS ........................................................................................................ 18-30 18.68 FREQUENCIES ................................................................................................................ 18-30 18.69 HORSEPOWER AND SPEED RATINGS......................................................................... 18-30

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MG 1-2014 Page xx 18.69.1 Horsepower Ratings ............................................................................................ 18-30 18.69.2 Speed Ratings ..................................................................................................... 18-30 TESTS AND PERFORMANCE ..................................................................................................... 18-30 18.70 TEMPERATURE RISE ..................................................................................................... 18-30 18.71 BASIS OF HORSEPOWER RATINGS ............................................................................. 18-30 18.72 TORQUE CHARACTERISTICS ....................................................................................... 18-30 18.73 HIGH-POTENTIAL TESTS ............................................................................................... 18-31 18.74 VARIATIONS FROM RATED VOLTAGE AND RATED FREQUENCY ................................................................................................................... 18-31 18.75 DIRECTION OF ROTATION ............................................................................................ 18-31 MANUFACTURING ....................................................................................................................... 18-31 18.76 GENERAL MECHANICAL FEATURES ............................................................................ 18-31 18.77 DIMENSIONS FOR SUMP PUMP MOTORS, TYPE K ................................................... 18-31 18.78 FRAME NUMBER AND FRAME SUFFIX LETTER .......................................................... 18-31 SMALL MOTORS FOR GASOLINE DISPENSING PUMPS ........................................................ 18-33 18.79 CLASSIFICATION ACCORDING TO ELECTRICAL TYPE ............................................. 18-33 RATINGS ....................................................................................................................................... 18-33 18.80 VOLTAGE RATINGS ........................................................................................................ 18-33 18.80.1 Single-Phase Motors ........................................................................................... 18-33 18.30.2 Polyphase Induction Motors ................................................................................ 18-33 18.81 FREQUENCIES ................................................................................................................ 18-33 18.82 HORSEPOWER AND SPEED RATINGS......................................................................... 18-32 18.82.1 Horsepower Ratings ............................................................................................ 18-32 18.82.2 Speed Ratings ..................................................................................................... 18-33 TESTS AND PERFORMANCE ..................................................................................................... 18-33 18.83 TEMPERATURE RISE ..................................................................................................... 18-33 18.84 BASIS OF HORSEPOWER RATINGS ............................................................................. 18-34 18.85 LOCKED-ROTOR TORQUE ............................................................................................ 18-34 18.86 LOCKED-ROTOR CURRENT .......................................................................................... 18-34 18.87 HIGH-POTENTIAL TEST.................................................................................................. 18-35 18.88 VARIATIONS FROM RATED VOLTAGE AND RATED FREQUENCY ................................................................................................................... 18-35 18.89 DIRECTION OF ROTATION ............................................................................................ 18-35 MANUFACTURING ....................................................................................................................... 18-35 18.90 GENERAL MECHANICAL FEATURES ............................................................................ 18-35 18.91 FRAME NUMBER AND FRAME SUFFIX LETTER .......................................................... 18-35 18.92 DIMENSIONS FOR GASOLINE DISPENSING PUMP MOTORS, TYPE G ............................................................................................................................. 18-36 SMALL MOTORS FOR OIL BURNERS ....................................................................................... 18-37 18.93 CLASSIFICATION ACCORDING TO ELECTRICAL TYPE ............................................. 18-37 RATINGS ....................................................................................................................................... 18-37 18.94 VOLTAGE RATINGS ........................................................................................................ 18-37 18.95 FREQUENCIES ................................................................................................................ 18-37 18.96 HORSEPOWER AND SPEED RATINGS......................................................................... 18-37 18.96.1 Horsepower Ratings ............................................................................................ 18-37 18.96.2 Speed Ratings ..................................................................................................... 18-37 TESTS AND PERFORMANCE ..................................................................................................... 18-37 18.97 TEMPERATURE RISE ..................................................................................................... 18-37 18.98 BASIS OF HORSEPOWER RATING ............................................................................... 18-38 18.99 LOCKED-ROTOR CHARACTERISTICS .......................................................................... 18-38 18.100 HIGH-POTENTIAL TEST.................................................................................................. 18-38 18.101 VARIATIONS FROM RATED VOLTAGE AND RATED FREQUENCY ........................... 18-38 18.102 DIRECTION OF ROTATION ............................................................................................ 18-38 MANUFACTURING ....................................................................................................................... 18-38 18.103 GENERAL MECHANICAL FEATURES ............................................................................ 18-38 18.104 DIMENSIONS FOR FACE-MOUNTING MOTORS FOR OIL-

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MG 1-2014 Page xxi BURNERS, TYPES M AND N .......................................................................................... 18-39 18.104.1 Dimensions ........................................................................................................ 18-39 18.105 TOLERANCES .................................................................................................................. 18-39 18.106 FRAME NUMBER AND FRAME SUFFIX LETTER .......................................................... 18-39 18.106.1 Suffix Letter M .................................................................................................... 18-39 18.106.2 Suffix Letter N .................................................................................................... 18-40 SMALL MOTORS FOR HOME LAUNDRY EQUIPMENT ............................................................ 18-41 18.107 CLASSIFICATION ACCORDING TO ELECTRICAL TYPE ............................................. 18-41 RATINGS ....................................................................................................................................... 18-41 18.108 VOLTAGE RATINGS ........................................................................................................ 18-41 18.109 FREQUENCIES ................................................................................................................ 18-41 18.110 HORSEPOWER AND SPEED RATINGS......................................................................... 18-41 18.110.1 Horsepower Ratings .......................................................................................... 18-41 18.110.2 Speed Ratings ................................................................................................... 18-41 18.111 NAMEPLATE MARKING .................................................................................................. 18-41 TESTS AND PERFORMANCE ..................................................................................................... 18-42 18.112 TEMPERATURE RISE ..................................................................................................... 18.42 18.113 BASIS OF HORSEPOWER RATING ............................................................................... 18-42 18.114 MAXIMUM LOCKED-ROTOR CURRENT ........................................................................ 18-42 18.115 HIGH-POTENTIAL TEST.................................................................................................. 18-42 18.116 VARIATIONS FROM RATED VOLTAGE AND RATED FREQUENCY ........................... 18-42 MANUFACTURING ....................................................................................................................... 18-42 18.117 GENERAL MECHANICAL FEATURES ............................................................................ 18-42 18.118 DIMENSIONS FOR MOTORS FOR HOME LAUNDRY EQUIPMENT ............................ 18-43 MOTORS AND JET PUMPS ......................................................................................................... 18-44 18.119 CLASSIFICATION ACCORDING TO ELECTRICAL TYPE ............................................. 18-44 RATINGS ....................................................................................................................................... 18-44 18.120 VOLTAGE RATINGS ........................................................................................................ 18-44 18.120.1 Single-Phase Motors ......................................................................................... 18-44 18.120.2 Polyphase Induction Motors .............................................................................. 18-44 18.121 FREQUENCIES ................................................................................................................ 18-44 18.122 HORSEPOWER, SPEED, AND SERVICE FACTOR RATINGS ...................................... 18-44 TEST AND PERFORMANCE ........................................................................................................ 18-45 18.123 TEMPERATURE RISE ..................................................................................................... 18-45 18.124 BASIS OF HORSEPOWER RATING ............................................................................... 18-45 18.125 TORQUE CHARACTERISTICS ....................................................................................... 18-45 18.126 MAXIMUM LOCKED-ROTOR CURRENT ........................................................................ 18-45 18.127 HIGH-POTENTIAL TEST.................................................................................................. 18-45 18.128 VARIATIONS FROM RATED VOLTAGE AND RATED FREQUENCY ........................... 18-45 18.129 DIRECTION OF ROTATION ............................................................................................ 18-45 MANUFACTURING ....................................................................................................................... 18-45 18.130 GENERAL MECHANICAL FEATURES ............................................................................ 18-45 18.131 DIMENSION FOR FACE-MOUNTED MOTORS FOR JET PUMPS ................................ 18-46 18.132 FRAME NUMBER AND FRAME SUFFIX LETTER .......................................................... 18-47 SMALL MOTORS FOR COOLANT PUMPS ................................................................................ 18-48 18.133 CLASSIFICATION ACCORDING TO ELECTRICAL TYPE ............................................. 18-48 RATINGS ....................................................................................................................................... 18-48 18.134 VOLTAGE RATINGS ........................................................................................................ 18-48 18.134.1 Single-Phase Motors ......................................................................................... 18-48 18.134.2 Polyphase Induction Motors .............................................................................. 18-48 18.134.3 Direct-current Motors ......................................................................................... 18-48 18.135 FREQUENCIES ................................................................................................................ 18-48 18.136 HORSEPOWER AND SPEED RATINGS......................................................................... 18-49 TESTS AND PERFORMANCE ..................................................................................................... 18-50 18.137 TEMPERATURE RISE ..................................................................................................... 18-50 18.138 BASIS OF HORSEPOWER RATING ............................................................................... 18-50

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MG 1-2014 Page xxii 18.139 TORQUE CHARACTERISTICS ....................................................................................... 18-50 18.140 MAXIMUM LOCKED-ROTOR CURRENT ........................................................................ 18-50 18.141 HIGH-POTENTIAL TEST.................................................................................................. 18-50 18.142 VARIATIONS FROM RATED VOLTAGE AND RATED FREQUENCY ........................... 18-50 18.143 DIRECTION OF ROTATION ............................................................................................ 18-50 MANUFACTURING ....................................................................................................................... 18-51 18.144 GENERAL MECHANICAL FEATURES ............................................................................ 18-51 SUBMERSIBLE MOTORS FOR DEEP WELL PUMPS—4-INCH................................................ 18-52 18.145 CLASSIFICATION TO ELECTRICAL TYPE..................................................................... 18-52 RATINGS ....................................................................................................................................... 18-52 18.146 VOLTAGE RATINGS ........................................................................................................ 18-52 18.146.1 Single-Phase Motors ......................................................................................... 18-52 18.146.2 Polyphase Induction Motors .............................................................................. 18-52 18.147 FREQUENCIES ................................................................................................................ 18-52 18.148 HORSEPOWER AND SPEED RATINGS......................................................................... 18-52 18.148.1 Horsepower Ratings .......................................................................................... 18-52 18.148.2 Speed Ratings ................................................................................................... 18-52 TESTS AND PERFORMANCE ..................................................................................................... 18-53 18.149 BASIS OF HORSEPOWER RATING ............................................................................... 18-53 18.150 LOCKED-ROTOR CURRENT .......................................................................................... 18-53 18.150.1 Single-Phase Small Motors ............................................................................... 18-53 18.150.2 Single-Phase Medium Motors............................................................................ 18-53 18.152.3 Three-Phase Medium Motors ............................................................................ 18-53 18.151 HIGH-POTENTIAL TEST.................................................................................................. 18-53 18.152 VARIATION FROM RATED VOLTAGE AT CONTROL BOX ........................................... 18-53 18.153 VARIATION FROM RATED FREQUENCY ...................................................................... 18-53 18.154 DIRECTION OF ROTATION ............................................................................................ 18-53 18.155 THRUST CAPACITY ........................................................................................................ 18-53 MANUFACTURING ....................................................................................................................... 18-53 18.156 TERMINAL LEAD MARKINGS ......................................................................................... 18-53 18.157 GENERAL MECHANICAL FEATURES ............................................................................ 18-54 SUBMERSIBLE MOTORS FOR DEEP WELL PUMPS—6-INCH................................................ 18-55 18.158 CLASSIFICATION ACCORDING TO ELECTRICAL TYPE ............................................. 18-55 RATINGS ....................................................................................................................................... 18-55 18.159 VOLTAGE RATINGS ........................................................................................................ 18-55 18.159.1 Single-Phase Motors ......................................................................................... 18-55 18.159.2 Polyphase Induction Motors .............................................................................. 18-55 18.160 FREQUENCIES ................................................................................................................ 18-55 18.161 HORSEPOWER AND SPEED RATINGS......................................................................... 18-55 18.161.1 Horsepower Ratings .......................................................................................... 18-55 TESTS AND PERFORMANCE ..................................................................................................... 18-55 18.162 BASIS FOR HORSEPOWER RATING............................................................................. 18-55 18.163 LOCKED-ROTOR CURRENT .......................................................................................... 18-55 18.164 HIGH-POTENTIAL TESTS ............................................................................................... 18-56 18.165 VARIATION FROM RATED VOLTAGE AT CONTROL BOX ........................................... 18-56 18.166 VARIATION FROM RATED FREQUENCY ...................................................................... 18-56 18.167 DIRECTION OF ROTATION ............................................................................................ 18-56 18.168 THRUST CAPACITY ........................................................................................................ 18-56 MANUFACTURING ....................................................................................................................... 18-56 18.169 TERMINAL LEAD MARKINGS ......................................................................................... 18-56 18.170 GENERAL-MECHANICAL FEATURES............................................................................ 18-57 SUBMERSIBLE MOTORS FOR DEEP WELL PUMPS—8-INCH................................................ 18-58 18.171 CLASSIFICATION ACCORDING TO ELECTRICAL TYPE ............................................. 18-58 RATINGS ....................................................................................................................................... 18-58 18.172 VOLTAGE RATINGS ........................................................................................................ 18-58 18.173 FREQUENCIES ................................................................................................................ 18-58

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MG 1-2014 Page xxiii 18.174 HORSEPOWER AND SPEED RATINGS......................................................................... 18-58 18.174.1 Horsepower Ratings .......................................................................................... 18-58 18.174.2 Speed Ratings ................................................................................................... 18-58 TESTS AND PERFORMANCE ..................................................................................................... 18-58 18.175 LOCKED-ROTOR CURRENT .......................................................................................... 18-58 18.176 HIGH-POTENTIAL TEST.................................................................................................. 18-58 18.177 VARIATION FROM RATED VOLTAGE AT CONTROL BOX........................................... 18-59 18.178 VARIATION FROM RATED FREQUENCY ...................................................................... 18-59 18.179 DIRECTION OF ROTATION ............................................................................................ 18-59 18.180 THRUST CAPACITY ........................................................................................................ 18-59 18.181 GENERAL MECHANICAL FEATURES ............................................................................ 18-60 MEDIUM DC ELEVATOR MOTORS ............................................................................................. 18-61 18.182 CLASSIFICATION ACCORDING TO TYPE ..................................................................... 18-61 18.182.1 Class DH ............................................................................................................ 18-61 18.182.2 Class DL ............................................................................................................ 18-61 RATINGS ....................................................................................................................................... 18-61 18.183 VOLTAGE RATINGS ........................................................................................................ 18-61 18.184 HORSEPOWER AND SPEED RATINGS......................................................................... 18-61 18.184.1 Class DH ............................................................................................................ 18-61 18.184.2 Class DL ............................................................................................................ 18-61 18.185 BASIS OF RATING ........................................................................................................... 18-62 18.185.1 Class DH ............................................................................................................ 18-62 18.185.2 Class DL ............................................................................................................ 18-62 18.186 NAMEPLATE MARKINGS ................................................................................................ 18-62 TESTS AND PERFORMANCE ..................................................................................................... 18-62 18.187 ACCELERATION AND DECELERATION CAPACITY ..................................................... 18-62 18.188 VARIATION IN SPEED DUE TO LOAD ........................................................................... 18-62 18.188.1 Class DH ............................................................................................................ 18-62 18.188.2 Class DL ............................................................................................................ 18-62 18.189 VARIATION FROM RATED SPEED ................................................................................ 18-62 18.190 VARIATION IN SPEED DUE TO HEATING ..................................................................... 18-62 18.190.1 Open-Loop Control System ............................................................................... 18-62 18.190.2 Closed-Loop Control System ............................................................................. 18-63 18.191 HIGH-POTENTIAL TEST.................................................................................................. 18-63 18.192 TEMPERATURE RISE ..................................................................................................... 18-63 MOTOR-GENERATOR SETS FOR DC ELEVATOR MOTORS .................................................. 18-64 RATINGS ....................................................................................................................................... 18-64 18.193 BASIS OF RATING ........................................................................................................... 18-64 18.193.1 Time Rating........................................................................................................ 18-64 18.193.2 Relation to Elevator Motor ................................................................................. 18-64 18.194 GENERATOR VOLTAGE RATINGS ................................................................................ 18-64 18.194.1 Value .................................................................................................................. 18-64 18.194.2 Maximum Value ................................................................................................. 18-64 TESTS AND PERFORMANCE ..................................................................................................... 18-64 18.195 VARIATION IN VOLTAGE DUE TO HEATING ................................................................ 18-64 18.195.1 Open-Loop Control System ............................................................................... 18-64 18.195.2 Closed-Loop Control System ............................................................................. 18-64 18.196 OVERLOAD ...................................................................................................................... 18-64 18.197 HIGH-POTENTIAL TEST.................................................................................................. 18-65 18.198 VARIATION FROM RATED VOLTAGE ............................................................................ 18-65 18.199 VARIATION FROM RATED FREQUENCY ...................................................................... 18-65 18.200 COMBINED VARIATION OF VOLTAGE AND FREQUENCY.......................................... 18-65 18.201 TEMPERATURE RISE ..................................................................................................... 18-65 18.201.1 Induction Motors ................................................................................................ 18-65 18.201.2 Direct-Current Adjustable-Voltage Generators .................................................. 18-65 MEDIUM AC POLYPHASE ELEVATOR MOTORS ..................................................................... 18-66

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MG 1-2014 Page xxiv 18.202 CLASSIFICATION ACCORDING TO ELECTRICAL TYPE ............................................. 18-66 18.202.1 AH1 .................................................................................................................... 18-65 18.202.2 AH2 .................................................................................................................... 18-66 18.202.3 AH3 .................................................................................................................... 18-66 RATINGS ....................................................................................................................................... 18-66 18.203 BASIS OF RATING—ELEVATOR MOTORS ................................................................... 18-66 18.204 VOLTAGE RATINGS ........................................................................................................ 18-66 18.205 FREQUENCY ................................................................................................................... 18-66 18.206 HORSEPOWER AND SPEED RATINGS......................................................................... 18-67 TESTS AND PERFORMANCE ..................................................................................................... 18-67 18.207 LOCKED-ROTOR TORQUE FOR SINGLE-SPEED SQUIRRELCAGE ELEVATOR MOTORS ........................................................................................... 18-67 18.208 TIME-TEMPERATURE RATING ...................................................................................... 18-67 18.209 HIGH-POTENTIAL TEST.................................................................................................. 18-67 18.210 VARIATIONS FROM RATED VOLTAGE AND RATED FREQUENCY ........................... 18-67 MANUFACTURING ....................................................................................................................... 18-68 18.211 NAMEPLATE MARKING .................................................................................................. 18-68 MEDIUM AC CRANE MOTORS ................................................................................................... 18-69 RATINGS ....................................................................................................................................... 18-69 18.212 VOLTAGE RATINGS ........................................................................................................ 18-69 18.213 FREQUENCIES ................................................................................................................ 18-69 18.214 HORSEPOWER AND SPEED RATINGS......................................................................... 18-69 18.215 SECONDARY DATA FOR WOUND-ROTOR CRANE MOTORS .................................... 18-70 18.216 NAMEPLATE MARKING .................................................................................................. 18-70 18.217 FRAME SIZES FOR TWO- AND THREE-PHASE 60-HERTZ OPEN AND TOTALLY ENCLOSED WOUND-ROTOR CRANE MOTORS HAVING CLASS B INSULATION SYSTEMS .................................................. 18-71 TESTS AND PERFORMANCE ..................................................................................................... 18-71 18.218 TIME RATINGS ................................................................................................................ 18-71 18.219 TEMPERATURE RISE ..................................................................................................... 18-71 18.220 BREAKDOWN TORQUE .................................................................................................. 18-71 18.220.1 Minimum Value .................................................................................................. 18-71 18.221.2 Maximum Value ................................................................................................. 18-71 18.222 HIGH-POTENTIAL TEST.................................................................................................. 18-71 18.223 OVERSPEEDS ................................................................................................................. 18-72 18.224 PLUGGING ....................................................................................................................... 18-72 18.225 VARIATIONS FROM RATED VOLTAGE AND RATED FREQUENCY ........................... 18-72 18.226 ROUTINE TESTS ............................................................................................................. 18-72 18.227 BALANCE OF MOTORS .................................................................................................. 18-72 18.228 BEARINGS ....................................................................................................................... 18-72 18.229 DIMENSIONS FOR ALTERNATING-CURRENT WOUND-ROTOR OPEN AND TOTALLY ENCLOSED CRANE MOTORS ................................................... 18-73 18.230 DIMENSIONS AND TOLERANCES FOR ALTERNATINGCURRENT OPEN AND TOTALLY ENCLOSED WOUND-ROTOR CRANE MOTORS HAVING ANTIFRICTION BEARINGS ................................................ 18-74 MEDIUM SHELL-TYPE MOTORS FOR WOODWORKING AND MACHINE-TOOL APPLICATIONS ............................................................................................... 18-76 18.231 DEFINITION OF SHELL-TYPE MOTOR .......................................................................... 18-76 18.232 TEMPERATURE RISE—SHELL-TYPE MOTOR ............................................................. 18-76 18.233 TEMPERATURE RISE FOR 60-HERTZ SHELL-TYPE MOTORS OPERATED ON 50-HERTZ ............................................................................................. 18-76 18.234 OPERATION AT OTHER FREQUENCIES—SHELL-TYPE MOTORS ............................ 18-76 18.235 RATINGS AND DIMENSIONS FOR SHELL-TYPE MOTORS ......................................... 18-76 18.235.1 Rotor Bore and Keyway Dimensions, Three-Phase o 60-Hertz 40 C Open Motors, 208, 220, 440, and 550 Volts ............................. 18-76 18.235.2 BH and BJ Dimensions in Inches, Open Type Three-Phase

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60-Hertz 40 C Continuous, 208, 220, 440, and 550 Volts................................. 18-77 18.236 LETTERING FOR DIMENSION SHEETS FOR SHELL-TYPE MOTORS ....................... 18-78 MEDIUM AC SQUIRREL-CAGE INDUCTION MOTORS FOR VERTICAL TURBINE PUMP APPLICATIONS............................................................................. 18-78 18.237 DIMENSION FOR TYPE VP VERTICAL SOLID-SHAFT, SINGLE-PHASE AND POLYPHASE, DIRECT CONNECTED SQUIRREL-CAGE INDUCTION MOTORS FOR VERTICAL TURBINE PUMP APPLICATIONS ................................................................................................................ 18-79 18.238 DIMENSIONS FOR TYPE P AND PH ALTERNATING-CURRENT SQUIRREL-CAGE VERTICAL HOLLOW-SHAFT MOTORS FOR VERTICAL TURBINE PUMP APPLICATIONS ................................................................. 18-81 18.238.1 Base Dimensions ............................................................................................... 18-81 18.238.2 Coupling Dimensions ......................................................................................... 18-82 MEDIUM AC SQUIRREL-CAGE INDUCTION MOTORS FOR CLOSE-COUPLED PUMPS .......................................................................................................... 18-83 RATINGS ....................................................................................................................................... 18-83 18.239 VOLTAGE RATINGS ........................................................................................................ 18-83 18.240 FREQUENCIES ................................................................................................................ 18-83 18.241 NAMEPLATE MARKINGS ................................................................................................ 18-83 18.242 NAMEPLATE RATINGS ................................................................................................... 18-83 TESTS AND PERFORMANCE ..................................................................................................... 18-83 18.243 TEMPERATURE RISE ..................................................................................................... 18-83 18.244 TORQUES ........................................................................................................................ 18-83 18.245 LOCKED-ROTOR CURRENTS ........................................................................................ 18-83 18.246 HIGH-POTENTIAL TEST.................................................................................................. 18-83 18.247 VARIATIONS FROM RATED VOLTAGE AND RATED FREQUENCY ........................... 18-83 18.248 BALANCE OF MOTORS .................................................................................................. 18-83 MANUFACTURING ....................................................................................................................... 18-83 18.249 FRAME ASSIGNMENTS .................................................................................................. 18-83 18.250 DIMENSIONS FOR TYPE JM AND JP ALTERNATING-CURRENT FACE-MOUNTING CLOSE-COUPLED PUMP MOTORS HAVING ANTIFRICTION BEARINGS ............................................................................................. 18-84 18.251 DIMENSIONS FOR TYPE LP AND LPH VERTICAL SOLID-SHAFT SINGLE-PHASE AND POLYPHASE DIRECT-CONNECTED SQUIRRELCAGE INDUCTION MOTORS (HAVING THE THRUST BEARING IN THE MOTOR) FOR CHEMICAL PROCESS IN-LINE PUMP APPLICATIONS ........................ 18-89 18.252 DIMENSIONS FOR TYPE HP AND HPH VERTICAL SOLID-SHAFT SINGLE-PHASE AND POLYPHASE DIRECT-CONNECTED SQUIRREL-CAGE INDUCTION MOTORS FOR PROCESS AND IN-LINE PUMP APPLICATIONS ...................................................................................... 18-91 DC PERMANENT-MAGNET TACHOMETER GENERATORS FOR CONTROL SYSTEMS ...... 18-93 18.253 CLASSIFICATION ACCORDING TO ELECTRICAL TYPE ............................................. 18-93 18.254 CLASSIFICATION ACCORDING TO OUTPUT VOLTAGE RATING............................... 18-93 RATINGS ....................................................................................................................................... 18-93 18.255 OUTPUT VOLTAGE RATINGS ........................................................................................ 18-93 18.256 CURRENT RATING .......................................................................................................... 18-93 18.257 SPEED RATINGS ............................................................................................................. 18-93 TESTS AND PERFORMANCE ..................................................................................................... 18-93 18.258 TEST METHODS .............................................................................................................. 18-93 18.259 TEMPERATURE RISE ..................................................................................................... 18-93 18.260 VARIATION FROM RATED OUTPUT VOLTAGE ............................................................ 18-94 18.260.1 High-Voltage Type ............................................................................................. 18-94 18.260.2 Low-Voltage Type .............................................................................................. 18-94 18.261 HIGH-POTENTIAL TESTS ............................................................................................... 18-94 18.261.1 Test .................................................................................................................... 18-94 18.261.2 Application ......................................................................................................... 18-94

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MG 1-2014 Page xxvi 18.262 OVERSPEED .................................................................................................................... 18-94 18.263 PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS ........................................................................... 18-94 18.263.1 High-Voltage Type ............................................................................................. 18-94 18.263.2 Low-Voltage Type .............................................................................................. 18-95 MANUFACTURING ....................................................................................................................... 18-95 18.264 NAMEPLATE MARKING .................................................................................................. 18-95 18.264.1 High-Voltage Type ............................................................................................. 18-95 18.264.2 Low-Voltage Type .............................................................................................. 18-95 18.265 DIRECTION OF ROTATION ............................................................................................ 18-95 18.266 GENERAL MECHANICAL FEATURES ............................................................................ 18-95 18.266.1 High-Voltage Type ............................................................................................. 18-96 18.266.2 Low-Voltage Type .............................................................................................. 18-96 18.267 TERMINAL MARKINGS.................................................................................................... 18-96 TORQUE MOTORS ....................................................................................................................... 18-97 18.268 DEFINITION ...................................................................................................................... 18-97 18.269 NAMEPLATE MARKINGS ................................................................................................ 18-97 18.269.1 AC Torque Motors ............................................................................................. 18-97 18.269.2 DC Torque Motors ............................................................................................. 18-97 SMALL MOTORS FOR CARBONATOR PUMPS ........................................................................ 18-98 18.270 CLASSIFICATION ACCORDING TO ELECTRICAL TYPE ............................................. 18-98 RATINGS ....................................................................................................................................... 18-98 18.271 VOLTAGE RATINGS ........................................................................................................ 18-98 18.272 FREQUENCIES ................................................................................................................ 18-98 18.273 HORSEPOWER AND SPEED RATING ........................................................................... 18-98 18.273.1 Horsepower Ratings .......................................................................................... 18-98 18.273.2 Speed Ratings ................................................................................................... 18-98 TESTS AND PERFORMANCE ..................................................................................................... 18-98 18.274 TEMPERATURE RISE ..................................................................................................... 18-98 18.275 BASIS OF HORSEPOWER RATING ............................................................................... 18-98 18.276 HIGH-POTENTIAL TEST.................................................................................................. 18-98 18.277 MAXIMUM LOCKED-ROTOR CURRENT—SINGLE PHASE.......................................... 18-98 18.278 VARIATIONS FROM RATED VOLTAGE AND RATED FREQUENCY ........................... 18-98 18.279 DIRECTION OF ROTATION ............................................................................................ 18-98 MANUFACTURING ....................................................................................................................... 18-99 18.280 GENERAL MECHANICAL FEATURE .............................................................................. 18-99 18.281 DIMENSIONS FOR CARBONATOR PUMP MOTORS .................................................... 18-99 Section III LARGE MACHINES Part 20—LARGE MACHINES—INDUCTION MACHINES 20.1 SCOPE ............................................................................................................................... 20-1 20.2 BASIS OF RATING ............................................................................................................. 20-1 20.3 MACHINE POWER AND SPEED RATINGS ...................................................................... 20-1 20.4 POWER RATINGS OF MULTISPEED MACHINES ........................................................... 20-2 20.4.1 Constant Power ....................................................................................................... 20-2 20.4.2 Constant Torque ...................................................................................................... 20-2 20.4.3 Variable Torque ....................................................................................................... 20-2 20.5 VOLTAGE RATINGS .......................................................................................................... 20-3 20.6 FREQUENCIES .................................................................................................................. 20-3 20.7 SERVICE FACTOR ............................................................................................................ 20-3 20.7.1 Service Factor of 1.0 ................................................................................................ 20-3 20.7.2 Service Factor of 1.15 .............................................................................................. 20-3 20.7.3 Application of Motors with a Service Factor of 1.15 ................................................ 20-3 TESTS AND PERFORMANCE ....................................................................................................... 20-4 20.8 TEMPERATURE RISE ....................................................................................................... 20-4 20.8.1 Machines with a 1.0 Service Factor at Rated Load ................................................. 20-4 20.8.2 Machines with a 1.15 Service Factor at Service Factor Load ................................. 20-5

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20.9 20.10

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(Video) ဓမ္မပဒဒေသနာမှ ဓမ္မရသနှင့် ဘဝသင်္ခန်းစာများ အပိုင်း(၃)

20.17

20.18

20.19 20.20 20.21

20.22 20.23

20.8.3 Temperature Rise for Ambients Higher than 40 C .................................................. 20-5 20.8.4 Temperature Rise for Altitudes Greater than 3300 Feet (1000 Meters)........................................................................................................... 20-5 o 20.8.5 Temperature Rise for Air-Cooled Machines for Ambients Lower than 40 C, o but Not Below 0 C .................................................................................................... 20-5 CODE LETTERS (FOR LOCKED-ROTOR KVA) ............................................................... 20-6 TORQUE ............................................................................................................................. 20-7 20.10.1 Standard Torque .................................................................................................... 20-7 20.10.2 High Torque ........................................................................................................... 20-8 20.10.3 Motor Torques When Customer Specifies A Custom Load Curve ...................... 20-8 20.10.4 Motor With 4.5 pu and Lower Locked-Rotor Current ........................................... 20-8 2 LOAD WK FOR POLYPHASE SQUIRREL-CASE INDUCTION MOTORS ............................................................................................................................ 20-8 NUMBER OF STARTS ....................................................................................................... 20-9 20.12.1 Starting Capability .................................................................................................. 20-9 20.12.2 Additional Starts ..................................................................................................... 20-9 20.12.3 Information Plate .................................................................................................... 20-9 OVERSPEEDS ................................................................................................................... 20-9 VARIATIONS FROM RATED VOLTAGE AND RATED FREQUENCY ........................... 20-11 20.14.1 Running ................................................................................................................ 20-11 20.14.2 Starting ................................................................................................................. 20-11 OPERATION OF INDUCTION MACHINES FROM VARIABLEFREQUENCY OR VARIABLE-VOLTAGE POWER SUPPLIES, OR BOTH .......................................................................................................................... 20-11 TESTS .............................................................................................................................. 20-12 20.16.1 Test Methods ....................................................................................................... 20-12 20.16.2 Routine Tests on Machines Completely Assembled in Factory .......................... 20-12 20.16.3 Routine Tests on Machines Not Completely Assembled in Factory .................... 20-12 HIGH-POTENTIAL TESTS ............................................................................................... 20-12 20.17.1 Safety Precautions and Test Procedure .............................................................. 20-12 20.17.2 Test Voltage—Primary Windings ....................................................................... 20-12 20.17.3 Test Voltage—Secondary Windings of Wound Rotors ........................................ 20-12 MACHINE WITH SEALED WINDINGS—CONFORMANCE TESTS ............................... 20-13 20.18.1 Test for Stator Which Can be Submerged ........................................................... 20-13 20.18.2 Test for Stator Which Cannot be Submerged ...................................................... 20-13 MACHINE SOUND ........................................................................................................... 20-13 REPORT OF TEST FORM FOR INDUCTION MACHINES ............................................. 20-14 EFFICIENCY ..................................................................................................................... 20-14 20.21.A Efficiency of Polyphase Squirrel-Cage Large Motors with Continuous Ratings 20-15 20.21.B Efficiency Levels of Energy Efficient Polyphase Squirrel-Cage Random Wound Large Induction Motors ................................................... 20-15 Table 20-A ........................................................................................................................ 20-15 20-xx 20.21.C Efficiency Levels of Premium Efficiency Large Electric Motors .......................... 20-16 20.21.C.1 60 Hz Motors Rated 600 Volts or Less (Random Wound) ............................... 20-16 Table 20-B ........................................................................................................................ 20-16 20.21.C.2 60 Hz Motors Rated 5000 Volts or Less (Form Wound) .................................. 20-17 Table 20-C ........................................................................................................................ 20-17 20.21.C.3 50 Hz Motors Rated 600 Volts or Less (Random Wound ................................ 20-18 Table 20-D ........................................................................................................................ 20-18 20.21.C.4 60 Hz Motors Rated 600 Volts or Less (Random Wound).............................. 20-18 Table 20-E ........................................................................................................................ 20-19 Table 20-F ......................................................................................................................... 20-20 Table 20-G ........................................................................................................................ 20-21 MECHANICAL VIBRATION .............................................................................................. 20-22 REED FREQUENCY OF VERTICAL MACHINES ........................................................... 20-23

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EFFECTS OF UNBALANCED VOLTAGES ON THE PERFORMANCE OF POLYPHASE SQUIRREL-CAGE INDUCTION MOTORS ......................................... 20-23 20.24.1 Effect on Performance—General......................................................................... 20-24 20.24.2 Voltage Unbalance Defined ................................................................................. 20-24 20.24.3 Torques ................................................................................................................ 20-24 20.24.4 Full-Load Speed .................................................................................................. 20-24 20.24.5 Currents ............................................................................................................... 20-24 MANUFACTURING ....................................................................................................................... 20-24 20.25 NAMEPLATE MARKING .................................................................................................. 20-24 20.25.1 Alternating-Current Polyphase Squirrel-Cage Motors ......................................... 20-24 20.25.2 Polyphase Wound-Rotor Motors.......................................................................... 20-25 20.25.3 Polyphase Squirrel-Cage Generators .................................................................. 20-25 20.25.4 Polyphase Wound-Rotor Generators .................................................................. 20-25 20.26 MOTOR TERMINAL HOUSINGS AND BOXES ............................................................... 20-26 20.26.1 Box Dimensions ................................................................................................... 20-26 20.26.2 Accessory Lead Terminations ............................................................................. 20-26 20.26.3 Lead Terminations of Accessories Operating at 50 Volts or Less....................... 20-26 20.27 EMBEDDED TEMPERATURE DETECTORS .................................................................. 20-27 APPLICATION DATA.................................................................................................................... 20-28 20.28 SERVICE CONDITIONS................................................................................................... 20-28 20.28.1 General ................................................................................................................ 20-28 20.28.2 Usual Service Conditions ..................................................................................... 20-28 20.28.3 Unusual Service Conditions ................................................................................. 20-28 20.29 END PLAY AND ROTOR FLOAT FOR COUPLED SLEEVE BEARING HORIZONTAL INDUCTION MACHINES .......................................................................... 20-29 20.29.1 General ................................................................................................................ 20-29 20.29.2 Limits .................................................................................................................... 20-29 20.29.3 Marking Requirements ......................................................................................... 20-29 20.30 PULSATING STATOR CURRENT IN INDUCTION MOTORS......................................... 20-31 20.31 ASEISMATIC CAPABILITY .............................................................................................. 20-31 20.31.1 General ................................................................................................................ 20-31 20.31.2 Frequency Response Spectrum .......................................................................... 20-31 20.31.3 Units for Capability Requirements ....................................................................... 20-31 20.31.4 Recommended Peak Acceleration Limits ............................................................ 20-31 20.32 BELT, CHAIN, AND GEAR DRIVE ................................................................................... 20-32 20.33 BUS TRANSFER OR RECLOSING ................................................................................. 20-32 20.33.1 Slow Transfer or Reclosing .................................................................................. 20-32 20.33.2 Fast Transfer or Reclosing .................................................................................. 20-32 20.34 POWER FACTOR CORRECTION ................................................................................... 20-33 20.35 SURGE CAPABILITIES OF AC WINDINGS WITH FORMWOUND COILS ................................................................................................................ 20-33 20.35.1 General ................................................................................................................ 20-33 20.35.2 Surge Sources ..................................................................................................... 20-33 20.35.3 Factors Influencing Magnitude and Rise Time .................................................... 20-33 20.35.4 Surge Protection .................................................................................................. 20-34 20.35.5 Surge Withstand Capability for Standard Machines ............................................ 20-34 20.35.6 Special Surge Withstand Capability .................................................................... 20-34 20.35.7 Testing ................................................................................................................. 20-34 20.35.8 Test Voltage Values ............................................................................................. 20-34 20.36 MACHINES OPERATING ON AN UNGROUNDED SYSTEM ......................................... 20-34 20.37 OCCASIONAL EXCESS CURRENT ................................................................................ 20-35 Section III LARGE MACHINES Part 21—LARGE MACHINES—SYNCHRONOUS MOTORS RATINGS ......................................................................................................................................... 21-1 21.1 SCOPE ............................................................................................................................... 21-1

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MG 1-2014 Page xxix 21.2 21.3 21.4 21.5

BASIS OF RATING ............................................................................................................. 21-1 HORSEPOWER AND SPEED RATINGS........................................................................... 21-2 POWER FACTOR............................................................................................................... 21-2 VOLTAGE RATINGS .......................................................................................................... 21-2 21.5.1 Voltage Ratings........................................................................................................ 21-2 21.5.2 Preferred Motor Output/Voltage Rating ................................................................... 21-3 21.6 FREQUENCIES .................................................................................................................. 21-3 21.7 EXCITATION VOLTAGE .................................................................................................... 21-3 21.8 SERVICE FACTOR ............................................................................................................ 21-3 21.8.1 Service Factor of 1.0 ................................................................................................ 21-3 21.8.2 Service Factor of 1.15 .............................................................................................. 21-3 21.8.3 Application of Motor with 1.15 Service Factor ......................................................... 21-3 21.9 TYPICAL KW RATINGS OF EXCITERS FOR 60-HERTZ SYNCHRONOUS MOTORS ............................................................................................... 21-4 TESTS AND PERFORMANCE ....................................................................................................... 21-9 21.10 TEMPERATURE RISE—SYNCHRONOUS MOTORS ...................................................... 21-9 21.10.1 Machines with 1.0 Service Factor at Rated Load .................................................. 21-9 21.10.2 Machines with 1.15 Service Factor at Service Factor Load .................................. 21-9 o 21.10.3 Temperature Rise for Ambients Higher than 40 C .............................................. 21-10 21.10.4 Temperature Rise for Altitudes Greater than 3300 Feet (1000 Meters) .............. 21-10 o 21.10.5 Temperature Rise for Air-Cooled Motors for Ambients Lower than 40 C, o but Not Below 0 C ................................................................................................ 21-10 21.11 TORQUES ........................................................................................................................ 21-11 21.11.1 General ................................................................................................................ 21-11 21.11.2 Motor Torques When Customer Supplies Load Curve ........................................ 21-11 2 21.12 NORMAL WK OF LOAD.................................................................................................. 21-11 21.13 NUMBER OF STARTS ..................................................................................................... 21-12 21.13.1 Starting Capability ................................................................................................ 21-12 21.13.2 Additional Starts ................................................................................................... 21-12 21.13.3 Information Plate .................................................................................................. 21-12 21.14 EFFICIENCY ..................................................................................................................... 21-12 21.15 OVERSPEED .................................................................................................................... 21-13 21.16 OPERATION AT OTHER THAN RATED POWER FACTORS ........................................ 21-13 21.16.1 Operation of an 0.8 Power-factor Motor at 1.0 Power-factor............................... 21-13 21.16.2 Operation of a 1.0 Power-factor Motor at 0.8 Power-factor................................. 21-14 21.17 VARIATIONS FROM RATED VOLTAGE AND RATED FREQUENCY ........................... 21-14 21.17.1 Running ................................................................................................................ 21-14 21.17.2 Starting ................................................................................................................. 21-14 21.18 OPERATION OF SYNCHRONOUS MOTORS FROM VARIABLEFREQUENCY POWER SUPPLIES .................................................................................. 21-14 21.19 SPECIFICATION FORM FOR SLIP-RING SYNCHRONOUS MOTORS ........................ 21-18 21.20 SPECIFICATION FORM FOR BRUSHLESS SYNCHRONOUS MOTORS ..................... 21-19 21.21 ROUTINE TESTS ............................................................................................................. 21-20 21.21.1 Motors Not Completely Assembled in the Factory .............................................. 21-20 21.21.2 Motors Completely Assembled in the Factory ..................................................... 21-20 21.22 HIGH-POTENTIAL TESTS ............................................................................................... 21-20 21.22.1 Safety Precautions and Test Procedure .............................................................. 21-20 21.22.2 Test Voltage—Armature Windings ...................................................................... 21-20 21.22.3 Test Voltage—Field Windings, Motors with Slip Rings ....................................... 21-20 21.22.4 Test Voltage—Assembled Brushless Motor Field Windings and Exciter Armature Winding ............................................................. 21-20 21.22.5 Test Voltage—Brushless Exciter Field Winding .................................................. 21-21 21.23 MACHINE SOUND ........................................................................................................... 21-21 21.24 MECHANICAL VIBRATION .............................................................................................. 21-21 MANUFACTURING ....................................................................................................................... 21-21 21.25 NAMEPLATE MARKING .................................................................................................. 21-21

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MOTOR TERMINAL HOUSINGS AND BOXES ............................................................... 21-22 21.26.1 Box Dimensions ................................................................................................... 21-22 21.26.2 Accessory Lead Terminations ............................................................................. 21-22 21.26.3 Lead Terminations of Accessories Operating at 50 Volts or Less....................... 21-22 21.27 EMBEDDED DETECTORS .............................................................................................. 21-24 APPLICATION DATA.................................................................................................................... 21-25 21.28 SERVICE CONDITIONS................................................................................................... 21-25 21.28.1 General ................................................................................................................ 21-25 21.28.2 Usual Service Conditions ..................................................................................... 21-25 21.28.3 Unusual Service Conditions ................................................................................. 21-25 21.29 EFFECTS OF UNBALANCED VOLTAGES ON THE PERFORMANCE OF POLYPHASE SYNCHRONOUS MOTORS ................................................................ 21-26 21.29.1 Effect on Performance ......................................................................................... 21-27 21.29.2 Voltage Unbalanced Defined ............................................................................... 21-27 21.30 COUPLING END PLAY AND ROTOR FLOAT FOR HORIZONTAL MOTORS .......................................................................................................................... 21-27 21.31 BELT, CHAIN, AND GEAR DRIVE ................................................................................... 21-27 21.32 PULSATING ARMATURE CURRENT .............................................................................. 21-27 21.33 TORQUE PULSATIONS DURING STARTING OF SYNCHRONOUS MOTORS .......................................................................................................................... 21-28 21.34 BUS TRANSFER OR RECLOSING ................................................................................. 21-28 21.34.1 Slow Transfer of Reclosing .................................................................................. 21-28 21.34.2 Fast Transfer of Reclosing ................................................................................... 21-28 21.34.3 Bus Transfer Procedure ....................................................................................... 21-29 21.35 CALCULATION OF NATURAL FREQUENCY OF SYNCHRONOUS MACHINES DIRECT-CONNECTED TO RECIPROCATING MACHINERY .................................................................................................................... 21-29 21.35.1 Undamped Natural Frequency............................................................................. 21-29 21.35.2 Synchronizing Torque Coefficient, Pr .................................................................. 21-29 21.35.3 Factors Influencing Pr .......................................................................................... 21-29 21.36 TYPICAL TORQUE REQUIREMENTS ............................................................................ 21-29 21.37 COMPRESSOR FACTORS .............................................................................................. 21-34 21.38 SURGE CAPABILITIES OF AC WINDINGS WITH FORM-WOUND COILS ................... 21-35 21.39 MACHINES OPERATING ON AN UNGROUNDED SYSTEM ......................................... 21-35 21.40 OCCASIONAL EXCESS CURRENT ................................................................................ 21-35

Section III LARGE MACHINES Part 23—LARGE MACHINES—DC MOTORS LARGER THAN 1.25 HORSEPOWER PER RPM, OPEN TYPE CLASSIFICATION ........................................................................................................................... 23-1 23.1 SCOPE ............................................................................................................................... 23-1 23.2 GENERAL INDUSTRIAL MOTORS ................................................................................... 23-1 23.3 METAL ROLLING MILL MOTORS ..................................................................................... 23-1 23.3.1 Class N Metal Rolling Mill Motors ............................................................................ 23-1 23.3.2 Class S Metal Rolling Mill Motors ............................................................................ 23-1 23.4 REVERSING HOT MILL MOTORS .................................................................................... 23-1 RATINGS ......................................................................................................................................... 23-2 23.5 BASIS OF RATING ............................................................................................................. 23-2 23.6 HORSEPOWER, SPEED, AND VOLTAGE RATINGS ...................................................... 23-3 23.6.1 General Industrial Motors and Metal Rolling Mill Motors, Classes N and S ...................................................................................................... 23-3 23.6.2 Reversing Hot Mill Motors ........................................................................................ 23-4 23.7 SPEED RATINGS BY FIELD CONTROL FOR 250-VOLT DIRECTCURRENT MOTORS.......................................................................................................... 23-5 23.8 SPEED RATINGS BY FIELD CONTROL FOR 500- OR 700-VOLT DIRECT-CURRENT MOTORS ........................................................................................... 23-6

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MG 1-2014 Page xxxi TESTS AND PERFORMANCE ....................................................................................................... 23-8 23.9 TEMPERATURE RISE ....................................................................................................... 23-8 o 23.9.1 Temperature Rise for Ambients Higher than 40 C .................................................. 23-9 23.9.2 Temperature Rise for Altitudes Greater than 3300 Feet (1000 Meters)........................................................................................................... 23-9 o 23.9.3 Temperature Rise for Air-Cooled Machines for Ambients Lower than 40 C, o but Not Below 0 C................................................................................................... 23-9 23.10 OVERLOAD CAPABILITY ................................................................................................ 23-10 23.10.1 General Industrial Motors .................................................................................... 23-10 23.10.2 Metal Rolling Mill Motors (Excluding Reversing Hot Mill Motors)—Open, Forced-Ventilated, and Totally Enclosed WaterAir-Cooled ............................................................................................................ 23-10 23.10.3 Reversing Hot Mill Motors—Forced-Ventilated and Totally Enclosed Water-Air-Cooled ................................................................................. 23-11 23.11 MOMENTARY LOAD CAPACITY ..................................................................................... 23-11 23.12 SUCCESSFUL COMMUTATION ..................................................................................... 23-11 23.13 EFFICIENCY ..................................................................................................................... 23-11 23.14 TYPICAL REVERSAL TIME OF REVERSING HOT MILL MOTORS .............................. 23-12 23.15 IMPACT SPEED DROP OF A DIRECT-CURRENT MOTOR .......................................... 23-12 23.16 OVERSPEED .................................................................................................................... 23-12 23.17 VARIATION FROM RATED VOLTAGE ............................................................................ 23-13 23.17.1 Steady State ........................................................................................................ 23-13 23.17.2 Transient Voltages of Microsecond Duration ....................................................... 23-13 23.18 FIELD DATA FOR DIRECT-CURRENT MOTORS .......................................................... 23-13 23.19 ROUTINE TESTS ............................................................................................................. 23-14 23.20 HIGH-POTENTIAL TEST.................................................................................................. 23-14 23.20.1 Safety Precautions and Test Procedure .............................................................. 23-14 23.20.2 Test Voltage ......................................................................................................... 23-14 23.21 MECHANICAL VIBRATION .............................................................................................. 23-14 23.22 METHOD OF MEASURING THE MOTOR VIBRATION .................................................. 23-14 23.23 CONDITIONS OF TEST FOR SPEED REGULATION ..................................................... 23-14 MANUFACTURING ....................................................................................................................... 23-14 23.24 NAMEPLATE MARKING .................................................................................................. 23-14 APPLICATION DATA.................................................................................................................... 23-15 23.25 SERVICE CONDITIONS................................................................................................... 23-15 23.25.1 General ................................................................................................................ 23-15 23.25.2 Usual Service Conditions ..................................................................................... 23-15 23.25.3 Unusual Service Conditions ................................................................................. 23-15 23.26 OPERATION OF DIRECT-CURRENT MOTORS ON RECTIFIED ALTERNATING CURRENT .............................................................................................. 23-16 23.26.1 General ................................................................................................................ 23-16 23.26.2 Operation on Parallel with Power Supply with High Ripple ................................. 23-16 23.26.3 Bearing Currents .................................................................................................. 23-17 23.27 OPERATION OF DIRECT-CURRENT MOTORS BELOW BASE SPEED BY REDUCED ARMATURE VOLTAGE ........................................................................... 23-17 23.28 RATE OF CHANGE OF LOAD CURRENT ...................................................................... 23-17 Section III LARGE MACHINES Part 24—LARGE MACHINES—DC GENERATORS LARGER THAN 1.0 KILOWATT PER RPM, OPEN TYPE CLASSIFICATION 24.0 SCOPE ............................................................................................................................... 24-1 24.1 GENERAL INDUSTRIAL GENERATORS .......................................................................... 24-1 24.2 METAL ROLLING MILL GENERATORS ............................................................................ 24-1 24.3 REVERSING HOT MILL GENERATORS ........................................................................... 24-1 RATINGS ......................................................................................................................................... 24-1 24.9 BASIS OF RATING ............................................................................................................. 24-1

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MG 1-2014 Page xxxii 24.10 KILOWATT, SPEED, AND VOLTAGE RATINGS .............................................................. 24-2 TESTS AND PERFORMANCE ....................................................................................................... 24-3 24.40 TEMPERATURE RISE ....................................................................................................... 24-3 o 24.40.1 Temperature Rise for Ambients Higher than 40 C ................................................ 24-4 24.40.2 Temperature Rise for Altitudes Greater than 3300 Feet (1000 Meters)......................................................................................................... 24-4 24.40.3 Temperature Rise for Air-Cooled Machines for Ambients Lower o o than 40 C, but Not Below 0 C* ........................................................................... 24-4 24.41 OVERLOAD CAPABILITY .................................................................................................. 24-5 24.41.1 General Industrial Generators ............................................................................... 24-5 24.41.2 Metal Rolling Mill Generators (Excluding Reversing Hot Mill Generators)—Open, Forced-Ventilated, and Totally Enclosed Water-Air-Cooled ................................................................................................... 24-5 24.41.3 Reversing Hot Mill Generators—Forced-Ventilated and Totally Enclosed Water-Air-Cooled ................................................................................... 24-5 24.42 MOMENTARY LOAD CAPACITY ....................................................................................... 24-5 24.43 SUCCESSFUL COMMUTATION ....................................................................................... 24-6 24.44 OUTPUT AT REDUCED VOLTAGE ................................................................................... 24-6 24.45 EFFICIENCY ....................................................................................................................... 24-6 24.46 OVERSPEED ...................................................................................................................... 24-7 24.47 FIELD DATA FOR DIRECT-CURRENT GENERATORS ................................................... 24-7 24.48 ROUTINE TESTS ............................................................................................................... 24-7 24.49 HIGH POTENTIAL TESTS ................................................................................................. 24-7 24.49.1 Safety Precautions and Test Procedure ................................................................ 24-7 24.49.2 Test Voltage ........................................................................................................... 24-8 24.50 CONDITIONS OF TESTS FOR VOLTAGE REGULATION ............................................... 24-8 24.51 MECHANICAL VIBRATION ................................................................................................ 24-8 MANUFACTURING ......................................................................................................................... 24-8 24.61 NAMEPLATE MARKING .................................................................................................... 24-8 APPLICATION DATA...................................................................................................................... 24-8 24.80 SERVICE CONDITIONS..................................................................................................... 24-8 24.80.1 General .................................................................................................................. 24-8 24.80.2 Usual Service Conditions ....................................................................................... 24-9 24.80.3 Unusual Service Conditions ................................................................................... 24-9 24.81 RATE OF CHANGE OF LOAD CURRENT ........................................................................ 24-9 24.82 SUCCESSFUL PARALLEL OPERATION OF GENERATORS ........................................ 24-10 24.83 OPERATION OF DIRECT-CURRENT GENERATORS IN PARALLEL WITH RECTIFIED ALTERNATING-VOLTAGE POWER SUPPLY .................................. 24-10 24.83.1 General ................................................................................................................ 24-10 24.83.2 Operation in Parallel with Power Supply with Ripple ........................................... 24-10 24.83.3 Bearing Currents .................................................................................................. 24-10 24.84 COMPOUNDING .............................................................................................................. 24-11 24.84.1 Flat Compounding ............................................................................................... 24-11 24.84.2 Other .................................................................................................................... 24-11 Section IV PERFORMANCE STANDARDS APPLYING TO ALL MACHINES Part 30—APPLICATION CONSIDERATIONS FOR CONSTANT SPEED MOTORS USED ON A SINUSOIDAL BUS WITH HARMONIC CONTENT AND GENERAL PURPOSE MOTORS USED WITH ADJUSTABLE-VOLTAGE OR ADJUSTABLE-FREQUENCY CONTROLS OR BOTH 30.0 SCOPE ............................................................................................................................... 30-1 30.1 APPLICATION CONSIDERATIONS FOR CONSTANT SPEED MOTORS USED ON A SINUSOIDAL BUS WITH HARMONIC CONTENT ....................................... 30-1 30.1.1 Efficiency.................................................................................................................. 30-1 30.1.2 Derating for Harmonic Content ................................................................................ 30-1 30.1.3 Power Factor Correction .......................................................................................... 30-2

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GENERAL PURPOSE MOTORS USED WITH ADJUSTABLEVOLTAGE OR ADJUSTABLE-FREQUENCY CONTROLS OR BOTH .............................. 30-2 30.2.1 Definitions ................................................................................................................ 30-2 30.2.2 Application Considerations ...................................................................................... 30-5

Section IV PERFORMANCE STANDARDS APPLYING TO ALL MACHINES Part 31—DEFINITE-PURPOSE INVERTER-FED POLYPHASE MOTORS 31.0 SCOPE ............................................................................................................................... 31-1 31.1 SERVICE CONDITIONS..................................................................................................... 31-1 31.1.1 General .................................................................................................................... 31-1 31.1.2 Usual Service Conditions ......................................................................................... 31-1 31.1.3 Unusual Service Conditions ..................................................................................... 31-1 31.1.4 Operation in Hazardous (Classified) Locations ....................................................... 31-2 31.2 DIMENSIONS, TOLERANCES, AND MOUNTING FOR FRAME DESIGNATIONS ................................................................................................... 31-2 31.3 RATING .............................................................................................................................. 31-3 31.3.1 Basis of Rating ......................................................................................................... 31-3 31.3.2 Base Horsepower and Speed Ratings .................................................................... 31-3 31.3.3 Speed Range ........................................................................................................... 31-4 31.3.4 Voltage ..................................................................................................................... 31-4 31.3.5 Number of Phases ................................................................................................... 31-4 31.3.6 Direction of Rotation ................................................................................................ 31-5 31.3.7 Service Factor .......................................................................................................... 31-5 31.3.8 Duty .......................................................................................................................... 31-5 31.4 PERFORMANCE ................................................................................................................ 31-5 31.4.1 Temperature Rise .................................................................................................... 31-5 31.4.2 Torque ...................................................................................................................... 31-9 31.4.3 Operating Limitations .............................................................................................. 31-9 31.4.4 Insulation Considerations ...................................................................................... 31-10 31.4.5 Resonances, Sound, Vibration .............................................................................. 31-12 31.4.6 Bearing Lubrication at Low and High Speeds ....................................................... 31-12 31.5 NAMEPLATE MARKING .................................................................................................. 31-13 31.5.1 Variable Torque Applications ................................................................................. 31-13 31.5.2 Other Applications ................................................................................................. 31-13 31.6 TESTS .............................................................................................................................. 31-13 31.6.1 Test Method ........................................................................................................... 31-13 31.6.2 Routine Tests ......................................................................................................... 31-14 31.6.3 Performance Tests ................................................................................................ 31-14 31.7 ACCESSORY MOUNTING ............................................................................................... 31-14 Section IV PERFORMANCE STANDARDS APPLYING TO ALL MACHINES Part 32—SYNCHRONOUS GENERATORS (EXCLUSIVE OF GENERATORS COVERED BY ANSI STANDARDS C50.12, C50.13, C50.14, AND C50.15 ABOVE 5000 kVA) RATINGS 32.0 SCOPE ............................................................................................................................... 32-1 32.1 BASIS OF RATING ............................................................................................................. 32-1 32.2 KILOVOLT-AMPERE (KVA) AND (KW) RATINGS ............................................................ 32-1 32.3 SPEED RATINGS ............................................................................................................... 32-1 32.4 VOLTAGE RATINGS .......................................................................................................... 32-3 32.4.1 Voltage Ratings for 60 Hz Circuits, Volts ................................................................. 32-3 32.4.2 Voltage Ratings for 50 Hz Circuits, Volts ................................................................. 32-3 32.5 FREQUENCIES .................................................................................................................. 32-3 32.6 TEMPERATURE RISE ....................................................................................................... 32-3 o 32.6.2 Temperature Rise for Air-Cooled Machines for Ambients Lower than 40 C, o but Not Below 0 C .................................................................................................. 32-5 32.7 MAXIMUM MOMENTARY OVERLOADS........................................................................... 32-5

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OVERLOAD CAPABILITY .................................................................................................. 32-6 OCCASIONAL EXCESS CURRENT .................................................................................. 32-6 MAXIMUM DEVIATION FACTOR ...................................................................................... 32-6 TELEPHONE INFLUENCE FACTOR (TIF) ........................................................................ 32-6 EFFICIENCY ....................................................................................................................... 32-7 SHORT-CIRCUIT REQUIREMENTS ................................................................................. 32-8 CONTINUOUS CURRENT UNBALANCE .......................................................................... 32-8 OPERATION WITH NON-LINEAR OR ASYMMETRIC LOADS ........................................ 32-9 OVERSPEEDS ................................................................................................................... 32-9 VARIATION FROM RATED VOLTAGE ............................................................................ 32-10 32.17.1 Broad Voltage Range .......................................................................................... 32-10 32.17.2 Discrete Voltage .................................................................................................. 32-10 32.18 SYNCHRONOUS GENERATOR VOLTAGE REGULATION (VOLTAGE DIP) ................................................................................................................ 32-10 32.18.1 General ................................................................................................................ 32-10 32.18.2 Definitions ............................................................................................................ 32-10 32.18.3 Voltage Recorder Performance ........................................................................... 32-12 32.18.4 Examples ............................................................................................................. 32-12 32.18.5 Motor Starting Loads ........................................................................................... 32-12 32.19 PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATION FORMS ................................................................... 32-15 32.19.1 Slip-ring Synchronous Generators....................................................................... 32-15 32.19.2 Brushless Synchronous Generators .................................................................... 32-16 32.20 ROUTINE FACTORY TESTS ........................................................................................... 32-17 32.20.1 Generators Not Completely Assembled in the Factory ....................................... 32-17 32.20.2 Generators Completely Assembled in the Factory .............................................. 32-17 32.21 HIGH-POTENTIAL TESTS ............................................................................................... 32-17 32.21.1 Safety Precautions and Test Procedures ............................................................ 32-17 32.21.2 Test Voltage—Armature Windings ...................................................................... 32-17 32.21.3 Test Voltage—Field Windings, Generators with Slip Rings ................................ 32-17 32.21.4 Test Voltage—Assembled Brushless Generator Field Winding and Exciter Armature Winding ............................................................... 32-17 32.21.5 Test Voltage—Brushless Exciter Field Winding .................................................. 32-18 32.22 MACHINE SOUND SYNCHRONOUS (GENERATORS) ................................................. 32-18 32.22.1 Sound Quality ...................................................................................................... 32-18 32.22.2 Sound Measurement ........................................................................................... 32-18 32.23 VIBRATION ....................................................................................................................... 32-18 MANUFACTURING DATA ............................................................................................................ 32-19 32.24 NAMEPLATE MARKING .................................................................................................. 32-19 32.25 SHAFT EXTENSION KEY ................................................................................................ 32-19 32.26 GENERATOR TERMINAL HOUSING .............................................................................. 32-19 32.27 EMBEDDED TEMPERATURE DETECTORS .................................................................. 32-20 APPLICATION DATA.................................................................................................................... 32-21 32.29 PARALLEL OPERATION ................................................................................................. 32-21 32.30 CALCULATION OF NATURAL FREQUENCY ................................................................. 32-21 32.31 TORSIONAL VIBRATION ................................................................................................. 32-21 32.32 MACHINES OPERATING ON AN UNGROUNDED SYSTEM ......................................... 32-21 32.33 SERVICE CONDITIONS................................................................................................... 32-21 32.33.1 General ................................................................................................................ 32-21 32.33.2 Usual Service Conditions ..................................................................................... 32-22 32.33.3 Unusual Service Conditions ................................................................................. 32-22 32.34 NEUTRAL GROUNDING .................................................................................................. 32-23 32.35 STAND-BY GENERATOR ................................................................................................ 32-23 32.36 GROUNDING MEANS FOR FIELD WIRING ................................................................... 32-23

Section IV PERFORMANCE STANDARDS APPLYING TO ALL MACHINES Part 33—DEFINITE PURPOSE SYNCHRONOUS GENERATORS FOR

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33.0 33.1

33.2

33.3

33.4

33.5

GENERATING SET APPLICATIONS SCOPE ............................................................................................................................... 33-1 DEFINITIONS ..................................................................................................................... 33-1 33.1.1 Rated Output Power ............................................................................................... 33-1 33.1.2 Rated Speed of Rotation n ..................................................................................... 33-2 33.1.3 Voltage Terms......................................................................................................... 33-2 33.1.4 Performance Classes ............................................................................................. 33-4 RATINGS ............................................................................................................................ 33-5 33.2.1 Power Factor........................................................................................................... 33-5 33.2.2 Kilovolt – Ampere (kVA) and Kilowatt (kW) Ratings ............................................... 33-5 33.2.3 Speed ...................................................................................................................... 33-6 33.2.4 Voltage .................................................................................................................... 33-6 33.2.5 Frequencies ............................................................................................................ 33-7 PERFORMANCE ................................................................................................................ 33-7 33.3.1 Voltage and Frequency Variation ........................................................................... 33-7 33.3.2 Limits of Temperature and Temperature Rise ........................................................ 33-8 33.3.3 Special Load Conditions ....................................................................................... 33-11 33.3.4 Power Quality........................................................................................................ 33-12 33.3.5 Overspeed ............................................................................................................ 33-18 33.3.6 Machine Sound ..................................................................................................... 33-18 33.3.7 Linear Vibration ..................................................................................................... 33-19 33.3.8 Testing .................................................................................................................. 33-19 33.3.9 Performance Specification Forms......................................................................... 33-22 APPLICATIONS ................................................................................................................ 33-24 33.4.1 Service Conditions ................................................................................................ 33-24 33.4.2 Transient Voltage Performance ............................................................................ 33-25 33.4.3 Torsional Vibration ................................................................................................ 33-29 33.4.4 Generator Grounding ............................................................................................ 33-29 33.4.5 Cyclic Irregularity .................................................................................................. 33-30 33.4.6 Application Criteria ................................................................................................ 33-30 MANUFACTURING .......................................................................................................... 33-32 33.5.1 Nameplate Marking ............................................................................................... 33-32 33.5.2 Terminal Housings ................................................................................................ 33-33

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© 2014 National Electrical Manufacturers Association

MG 1-2014 Page xxxvii

Foreword The standards appearing in this publication have been developed by the Motor and Generator Section and approved for publication as standards of the National Electrical Manufacturers Association. They are intended to assist users in the proper selection and application of motors and generators. These standards are revised periodically to provide for changes in user needs, advances in technology, and changing economic trends. All persons having experience in the selection, use, or manufacture of electric motors and generators are encouraged to submit recommendations that will improve the usefulness of these standards. Inquiries, comments, and proposed or recommended revisions should be submitted to the Motor and Generator Section by contacting: Senior Technical Director, Operations National Electrical Manufacturers Association 1300 North 17th Street, Suite 900 Rosslyn, VA 22209 The best judgment of the Motor and Generator Section on the performance and construction of motors and generators is represented in these standards. They are based upon sound engineering principles, research, and records of test and field experience. Also involved is an appreciation of the problems of manufacture, installation, and use derived from consultation with and information obtained from manufacturers, users, inspection authorities, and others having specialized experience. For machines intended for general applications, information as to user needs was determined by the individual companies through normal commercial contact with users. For some motors intended for definite applications, the organizations that participated in the development of the standards are listed at the beginning of those definite-purpose motor standards. Practical information concerning performance, safety, test, construction, and manufacture of alternatingcurrent and direct-current motors and generators within the product scopes defined in the applicable section or sections of this publication is provided in these standards. Although some definite-purpose motors and generators are included, the standards do not apply to machines such as generators and traction motors for railroads, motors for mining locomotives, arc-welding generators, automotive accessory and toy motors and generators, machines mounted on airborne craft, etc. In the preparation and revision of these standards, consideration has been given to the work of other organizations whose standards are in any way related to motors and generators. Credit is hereby given to all those whose standards may have been helpful in the preparation of this volume. NEMA MG 1-2014 is a revision of MG 1-2011. Prior to publication, the NEMA Standards and Authorized Engineering Information that appear in this publication unchanged since the preceding edition were reaffirmed by the Motor and Generator Section. The standards or guidelines presented in a NEMA standards publication are considered technically sound at the time they are approved for publication. They are not a substitute for a product seller's or user's own judgment with respect to the particular product referenced in the standard or guideline, and NEMA does not undertake to guaranty the performance of any individual manufacturer's products by virtue of this standard or guide. Thus, NEMA expressly disclaims any responsibility for damages arising from the use, application, or reliance by others on the information contained in these standards or guidelines.

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This standards publication was developed by the Motors and Generator Section. Section approval of the standard does not necessarily imply that all section members voted for its approval or participated in its development. At the time it was approved, the Motors and Generator Section was composed of the following members: Baldor Electric A Member of the ABB Group - Fort Smith, AR Bluffton Motor Works Bluffton - IN Brook Crompton North America - Toronto, ON Cummins, Inc.—Minneapolis, MN GE Industrial Solutions - Plainville, CT Nidec Motor Corporation - Saint Louis, MO NovaTorque, Inc. - Fremont, CA Ram Industries—Leesport, PA Regal-Beloit Corporation—Beloit, WI, composed of: Leeson Electric—Grafton, WI Lincoln Motors—Cleveland, OH Marathon Electric Manufacturing Corporation—Wausau, WI Electra-Gear—Union Grove, WI Schneider Electric - Palatine, IL SEW-Eurodrive, Inc.—Lyman, SC Siemens Industry, Inc.—Norcross, GA Sterling Electric, Inc.—Indianapolis, IN TECO-Westinghouse Motor Co.—Round Rock, TX Toshiba International Corporation—Houston, TX WEG Electric Motor Corp.—Duluth, GA

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MG 1-2014 Page xxxix

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© 2014 National Electrical Manufacturers Association

FAQs

What is a NEMA MG 1 motor? ›

NEMA MG 1 assists users in the proper selection and application of motors and generators. It contains practical information concerning performance, efficiency, safety, testing, construction, and the manufacture of ac and dc motors and generators.

How do I know if my engine is NEMA or IEC? ›

The most obvious mechanical difference is that NEMA motors are defined in inch units and IEC are defined in metric units. Beyond that, NEMA motors offer a wider range of motor enclosures not common in the IEC designs such as open-drip proof motors used in many compressor and fan applications (see Figure 1).

What does NEMA stand for? ›

What does “NEMA” stand for? NEMA is The National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) is an organization that forms the standards for the manufacturing of medical imaging equipment and electrical equipment. The purpose is to provide the safety, environment, and marketing enhancement of the industry.

What is difference between IEC and NEMA? ›

NEMA caters to large-sized devices in North American Markets only. IEC ratings are for more compact devices in the global market. IEC ratings react faster to overloads while NEMA ratings withstand short circuits. IEC devices are safe to the user, while NEMA devices require safety covers.

What is NEMA MG? ›

ANSI/NEMA MG 1-2021 | Status: Active | ID: 100228. Assists users in the proper selection and application of motors and generators. Contains practical information concerning performance, safety, testing, and construction and manufacture of ac and dc motors and generators.

What is a NEMA stepper motor? ›

A Step Motor is defined as a device whose normal shaft motion consists of discrete angular movements of essentially uniform magnitude when driven from a sequentially switched DC power supply. A step motor is a digital input-output device.

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