NFPA 54/ANSI Z223.1:2021 National Fuel Gas Code (2023)

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Chapter 1 Administration 1.1 Scope. 1.2 Purpose. 1.3 Retroactivity. 1.4 Equivalency. 1.5 Enforcement. Chapter 2 Referenced Publications 2.1 General. 2.2 NFPA Publications. 2.3 Other Publications. 2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections. Chapter 3 Definitions 3.1 General. 3.2 NFPA Official Definitions. 3.3 General Definitions. Chapter 4 General 4.1 Qualified Agency. 4.2 Interruption of Service. 4.3 Prevention of Accidental Ignition. 4.4 Noncombustible Material. 4.5 Engineering Methods. Chapter 5 Gas Piping System Design, Materials, and Components 5.1 Piping Plan. 5.2 Interconnections Between Gas Piping Systems. 5.3 Sizing of Gas Piping Systems. 5.4 Operating Pressure. 5.5 Piping Materials and Joining Methods. 5.6 Gas Meters. 5.7 Gas Pressure Regulators.5.8 Overpressure Protection Devices. 5.9 Back Pressure Protection. 5.10 Low-Pressure Protection. 5.11 Shutoff Valves. 5.12 Excess Flow Valve(s). 5.13 Expansion and Flexibility. 5.14 Pressure Regulator and Pressure Control Venting. Chapter 6 Pipe Sizing 6.1 Pipe Sizing Methods. 6.2 Sizing Natural Gas Piping Systems. 6.3 Sizing Propane Piping Systems. 6.4 Sizing Equations. Chapter 7 Gas Piping Installation 7.1 Installation of Underground Piping. 7.2 Installation of Aboveground Piping. 7.3 Concealed Piping in Buildings. 7.4 Piping in Vertical Chases. 7.5 Gas Pipe Turns. 7.6 Drips and Sediment Traps. 7.7 Outlets. 7.8 Manual Gas Shutoff Valves. 7.9 Prohibited Devices. 7.10 Systems Containing Gas–Air Mixtures Outside the Flammable Range. 7.11 Systems Containing Flammable Gas–Air Mixtures. 7.12 Electrical Bonding and Grounding. 7.13 Electrical Circuits. 7.14 Electrical Connections. Chapter 8 Inspection, Testing, and Purging 8.1 Pressure Testing and Inspection.8.2 Piping System Leak Check. 8.3 Purging Requirements. Chapter 9 Appliance, Equipment, and Accessory Installation 9.1 General. 9.2 Accessibility and Clearance. 9.3 Air for Combustion and Ventilation. 9.4 Appliances on Roofs. 9.5 Appliances in Attics. 9.6 Appliance and Equipment Connections to Building Piping. 9.7 Electrical. 9.8 Room Temperature Thermostats. Chapter 10 Installation of Specific Appliances 10.1 General. 10.2 Air-Conditioning Appliances. 10.3 Central Heating Boilers and Furnaces. 10.4 Clothes Dryers. 10.5 Conversion Burners. 10.6 Decorative Appliances for Installation in Vented Fireplaces. 10.7 Gas Fireplaces, Vented. 10.8 Direct Gas-Fired Heating and Forced Ventilation Appliances. 10.9 Duct Furnaces. 10.10 Floor Furnaces. 10.11 Food Service Appliance, Floor-Mounted. 10.12 Food Service Appliances, Counter Appliances. 10.13 Household Cooking Appliances. 10.14 Illuminating Appliances. 10.15 Incinerators, Commercial-Industrial. 10.16 Infrared Heaters. 10.17 Open-Top Broiler Units.10.18 Outdoor Cooking Appliances. 10.19 Pool Heaters. 10.20 Refrigerators. 10.21 Room Heaters. 10.22 Stationary Gas Engines. 10.23 Gas-Fired Toilets. 10.24 Unit Heaters. 10.25 Wall Furnaces. 10.26 Water Heaters. 10.27 Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicular Fuel Systems. 10.28 Appliances for Installation in Manufactured Housing. 10.29 Fuel Cell Power Plants. 10.30 Outdoor Open Flame Decorative Appliances. 10.31 Outdoor Infrared Heaters. Chapter 11 Procedures to Be Followed to Place Appliance in Operation 11.1 Adjusting the Burner Input. 11.2 Primary Air Adjustment. 11.3 Safety Shutoff Devices. 11.4 Automatic Ignition. 11.5 Protective Devices. 11.6 Checking the Draft. 11.7 Operating Instructions. Chapter 12 Venting of Appliances 12.1 Minimum Safe Performance. 12.2 General. 12.3 Specification for Venting. 12.4 Design and Construction. 12.5 Type of Venting System to Be Used. 12.6 Masonry, Metal, and Factory-Built Chimneys.12.7 Gas Vents. 12.8 Single-Wall Metal Pipe. 12.9 Through-the-Wall Vent Termination. 12.10 Condensation Drain. 12.11 Vent Connectors for Category I Appliances. 12.12 Vent Connectors for Category II, Category III, and Category IV Appliances. 12.13 Draft Hoods and Draft Controls. 12.14 Manually Operated Dampers. 12.15 Automatically Operated Vent Dampers. 12.16 Obstructions. Chapter 13 Sizing of Category I Venting Systems 13.1 Additional Requirements to Single Appliance Vent. 13.2 Additional Requirements to Multiple-Appliance Vent. Annex A Explanatory Material Annex B Sizing and Capacities of Gas Piping Annex C Suggested Method of Checking for Leakage Annex D Suggested Emergency Procedure for Gas Leaks Annex E Flow of Gas Through Fixed Orifices Annex F Sizing of Venting Systems Serving Appliances Equipped with Draft Hoods, Category I Appliances, and Appliances Listed for Use with Type B Vents Annex G Recommended Procedure for Safety Inspection of an Existing Appliance Installation Annex H Indoor Combustion Air Calculation Examples Annex I Example of Combination of Indoor and Outdoor Combustion and Ventilation Opening Design Annex J Enforcement Annex K Informational References

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This code is a safety code that shall apply to the installation of fuel gas piping systems, appliances, equipment, and related accessories as shown in 1.1.1.1(A) through 1.1.1.1(F).

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Document Type Standard
Publisher National Fire Protection Association
Status Current
Supersedes
  • NFPA 54 : 2018

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Chapter 1 Administration 1.1 Scope. 1.2 Purpose. 1.3 Retroactivity. 1.4 Equivalency. 1.5 Enforcement. Chapter 2 Referenced Publications 2.1 General. 2.2 NFPA Publications. 2.3 Other Publications. 2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections. Chapter 3 Definitions 3.1 General. 3.2 NFPA Official Definitions. 3.3 General Definitions. Chapter 4 General 4.1 Qualified Agency. 4.2 Interruption of Service. 4.3 Prevention of Accidental Ignition. 4.4 Noncombustible Material. 4.5 Engineering Methods. Chapter 5 Gas Piping System Design, Materials, and Components 5.1 Piping Plan. 5.2 Interconnections Between Gas Piping Systems. 5.3 Sizing of Gas Piping Systems. 5.4 Operating Pressure. 5.5 Piping Materials and Joining Methods. 5.6 Gas Meters. 5.7 Gas Pressure Regulators.5.8 Overpressure Protection Devices. 5.9 Back Pressure Protection. 5.10 Low-Pressure Protection. 5.11 Shutoff Valves. 5.12 Excess Flow Valve(s). 5.13 Expansion and Flexibility. 5.14 Pressure Regulator and Pressure Control Venting. Chapter 6 Pipe Sizing 6.1 Pipe Sizing Methods. 6.2 Sizing Natural Gas Piping Systems. 6.3 Sizing Propane Piping Systems. 6.4 Sizing Equations. Chapter 7 Gas Piping Installation 7.1 Installation of Underground Piping. 7.2 Installation of Aboveground Piping. 7.3 Concealed Piping in Buildings. 7.4 Piping in Vertical Chases. 7.5 Gas Pipe Turns. 7.6 Drips and Sediment Traps. 7.7 Outlets. 7.8 Manual Gas Shutoff Valves. 7.9 Prohibited Devices. 7.10 Systems Containing Gas–Air Mixtures Outside the Flammable Range. 7.11 Systems Containing Flammable Gas–Air Mixtures. 7.12 Electrical Bonding and Grounding. 7.13 Electrical Circuits. 7.14 Electrical Connections. Chapter 8 Inspection, Testing, and Purging 8.1 Pressure Testing and Inspection.8.2 Piping System Leak Check. 8.3 Purging Requirements. Chapter 9 Appliance, Equipment, and Accessory Installation 9.1 General. 9.2 Accessibility and Clearance. 9.3 Air for Combustion and Ventilation. 9.4 Appliances on Roofs. 9.5 Appliances in Attics. 9.6 Appliance and Equipment Connections to Building Piping. 9.7 Electrical. 9.8 Room Temperature Thermostats. Chapter 10 Installation of Specific Appliances 10.1 General. 10.2 Air-Conditioning Appliances. 10.3 Central Heating Boilers and Furnaces. 10.4 Clothes Dryers. 10.5 Conversion Burners. 10.6 Decorative Appliances for Installation in Vented Fireplaces. 10.7 Gas Fireplaces, Vented. 10.8 Direct Gas-Fired Heating and Forced Ventilation Appliances. 10.9 Duct Furnaces. 10.10 Floor Furnaces. 10.11 Food Service Appliance, Floor-Mounted. 10.12 Food Service Appliances, Counter Appliances. 10.13 Household Cooking Appliances. 10.14 Illuminating Appliances. 10.15 Incinerators, Commercial-Industrial. 10.16 Infrared Heaters. 10.17 Open-Top Broiler Units.10.18 Outdoor Cooking Appliances. 10.19 Pool Heaters. 10.20 Refrigerators. 10.21 Room Heaters. 10.22 Stationary Gas Engines. 10.23 Gas-Fired Toilets. 10.24 Unit Heaters. 10.25 Wall Furnaces. 10.26 Water Heaters. 10.27 Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicular Fuel Systems. 10.28 Appliances for Installation in Manufactured Housing. 10.29 Fuel Cell Power Plants. 10.30 Outdoor Open Flame Decorative Appliances. 10.31 Outdoor Infrared Heaters. Chapter 11 Procedures to Be Followed to Place Appliance in Operation 11.1 Adjusting the Burner Input. 11.2 Primary Air Adjustment. 11.3 Safety Shutoff Devices. 11.4 Automatic Ignition. 11.5 Protective Devices. 11.6 Checking the Draft. 11.7 Operating Instructions. Chapter 12 Venting of Appliances 12.1 Minimum Safe Performance. 12.2 General. 12.3 Specification for Venting. 12.4 Design and Construction. 12.5 Type of Venting System to Be Used. 12.6 Masonry, Metal, and Factory-Built Chimneys.12.7 Gas Vents. 12.8 Single-Wall Metal Pipe. 12.9 Through-the-Wall Vent Termination. 12.10 Condensation Drain. 12.11 Vent Connectors for Category I Appliances. 12.12 Vent Connectors for Category II, Category III, and Category IV Appliances. 12.13 Draft Hoods and Draft Controls. 12.14 Manually Operated Dampers. 12.15 Automatically Operated Vent Dampers. 12.16 Obstructions. Chapter 13 Sizing of Category I Venting Systems 13.1 Additional Requirements to Single Appliance Vent. 13.2 Additional Requirements to Multiple-Appliance Vent. Annex A Explanatory Material Annex B Sizing and Capacities of Gas Piping Annex C Suggested Method of Checking for Leakage Annex D Suggested Emergency Procedure for Gas Leaks Annex E Flow of Gas Through Fixed Orifices Annex F Sizing of Venting Systems Serving Appliances Equipped with Draft Hoods, Category I Appliances, and Appliances Listed for Use with Type B Vents Annex G Recommended Procedure for Safety Inspection of an Existing Appliance Installation Annex H Indoor Combustion Air Calculation Examples Annex I Example of Combination of Indoor and Outdoor Combustion and Ventilation Opening Design Annex J Enforcement Annex K Informational References

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This code is a safety code that shall apply to the installation of fuel gas piping systems, appliances, equipment, and related accessories as shown in 1.1.1.1(A) through 1.1.1.1(F).

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Document Type Standard
Publisher National Fire Protection Association
Status Current
Supersedes
  • NFPA 54 : 2018

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FAQs

What code do we use for natural gas in Massachusetts? ›

248 CMR 4.00 through 8.00, collectively the Massachusetts Fuel Gas Code, governs the installation of fuel gas piping systems, fuel gas utilization equipment, and related accessories throughout the Commonwealth.

What is also known as NFPA 54? ›

NFPA 54, National Fuel Gas Code, is the American National Standard (ANSI Z223.

What is the difference between NFPA 54 and NFPA 58? ›

NFPA 54 applies inside a home (or after point of delivery or meter). NFPA 58 applies outside a home (or before the final pressure regulator).

What section of NFPA is for natural gas? ›

NFPA 54: National Fuel Gas Code.

What is the ANSI z223 1? ›

1: National Fuel Gas Code. Code providing minimum safety requirements for the design and installation of fuel gas piping systems in homes and other buildings.

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